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A not-so-brief rundown of letters J-L of Jeffrey Epstein's 'Little Black Book'

2020.07.15 18:02 LearningIsListening A not-so-brief rundown of letters J-L of Jeffrey Epstein's 'Little Black Book'

Below is a rundown of letters J-L of Epstein's contacts. Last year, I wrote about letters A-C. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/cpis3n/a_brief_rundown_of_the_first_ten_pages_of_jeffrey/).
I also wrote about letters D-F on July 5, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hlrba8/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_df_in_jeffrey/).
I posted letters G-I on July 13, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hqko0y/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_gi_in_jeffrey/). There are some misspelled names. Epstein entered their names like this.
I have bolded some of the more interesting connections and information, but there could be much more that I overlooked. I hope something here strikes an interest in someone and maybe we can get more investigations out of this. Please, if you know anything more about any of these people than what is presented here, post below. I am working off of the unredacted black book found here: https://www.coreysdigs.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Jeffrey-Epsteins-Little-Black-Book-unredacted.pdf
J-L
Jackson, Michael (Samuel Gen): Yes, this is a reference to MJ the singer. However, the numbers listed are not MJ’s. They belong to Samuel Gen, a lawyer for a financial advisor (Jerry Seinfeld’s brother-in-law) who worked for MJ for a while. This one was a reach for Epstein.
Jacobson, Julian: Likely a reference to a Managing Director at several London-based investment firms.
Jagger, Mick: World-famous lead singer of the Rolling Stones. Has been seen in photographs with Ghislaine Maxwell. Actress Rae Dawn Chong claims she slept with Jagger when she was 15 years old.
Jagger, Hatti: Former fashion director for Vogue, Harper’s, and Tatler. Also works as a celebrity stylist and at fashion shows.
jake: Not enough info.
Jameel, Mohammed: Saudi Arabian businessman. CEO of Abdul Latif Jameel, a collective of family-owned businesses that specialize in transportation, investing, and real estate. Royal pervert Prince Andrew infamously partied on Jameel’s yacht during the 2011 London riots (source: https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/prince-andrew-frolicks-on-yacht-with-mystery-147496).
James, Susie: Founder and owner of 123 Send Ltd, a company that provides payment terminals.
Janklow, Linda: Literary agent and wife of Mort Janklow, the primary owner of Janklow & Nesbit Associates, the largest literary agency in the world. Attended a party hosted by Sony Pictures with Epstein, although they are not pictured together (source: https://www.patrickmcmullan.com/search/?event=5b3ef4fb9f92906676446c21). In 2007, Ghislaine Maxwell threw an exclusive party (80 carefully selected guests) at her NYC townhouse to celebrate the opening of a new shop by designer Allegra Hicks (granddaughter-in-law of Earl Mountbatten, who you can read more about in my G-I Epstein thread under India Hicks’s name). One of the eighty guests was Julie Landlow, daughter of Linda and Mort.
Jarecki, Nancy & Andrew: Andrew is a filmmaker, co-founder of Moviefone, and was a producer on Catfish, the documentary that launched the popular MTV show. Andrew’s family was reportedly friends with Jeffrey Epstein. There is an EXCELLENT thread on the connections between the Jarecki family (especially Andrew and Nick’s father, Henry) and Epstein here (source: https://threadreaderapp.com/thread/1200044576947556352.html). Quick summary: Henry was born in Nazi Germany; flew on the Lolita Express; is an expert in psychotropic drugs; owns two islands in the British Virgin Islands; founded the first youth center in the British Virgin Islands; lived 2 miles from Epstein in NYC; owns and donates to many sketchy foundations, schools, and organizations; has donated at least $1 million to leftist organizations). Andrew’s wife Nancy created bettybeauty, a company that specializes in hair dye for your nether regions (not kidding).
Jarecki, Nick: The movie director brother of Andrew and son of Henry Jarecki (see link under Andrew & Nancy Jarecki for more info). Reportedly dated Courtney Love (also in Epstein’s ‘Black Book’) in 2015. Photographed with Ghislaine Maxwell at a Gucci party (source: https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/ghislaine-maxwell-and-nick-jarecki-attend-gucci-hosts-a-news-photo/591605562).
Jason (canada): Not enough info. Could be artist Jason Wasserman based out of Canada. The second number listed traces back to Station 16 Gallery in Montreal.
Javier: Javier Banon is former Co-head of Merchant Banking at Lehman Brothers and current Founding Partner of Trilantic Europe.
Jeffries, Tim: Ownedirector of Hamiltons Gallery in London. Best known for dating models Elle Macpherson, Claudia Schiffer, Kylie Minogue and Sophie Dahl (also in Epstein’s ‘Black Book’). Jefferies has attended fundraisers for ARK Academy and the NSPCC. He truly cares about children.
Johnson, Richard & Nadine: Nadine is a millionaire public relations guru. Nadine is a good friend of Ghislaine Maxwell’s. Some clients of Nadine Johnson include spirit cooking extraordinaire Marina Abramovic and hotelier Andre Balazs, good friend of Ghislaine. Richard is one of the most well-known gossip columnists and was the editor of Page Six for twenty-five years. There is a great thread detailing the Johnsons’ ties to the Clintons, Balazs, and others here (source: https://threader.app/thread/1162148078981394432). Basically, Richard Johnson is friendly with the Clintons and, as Page Six Editor, purposely did not report or downplayed stories on the Clintons and Nadine’s clients. He also took bribes. Considering Nadine is a good friend of Ghislaine, it would not be a stretch to assume that Richard could have buried stories on Maxwell and Epstein. I could spend 10 pages on the shady connections these two have.
Johnson, Lucy: Not enough info.
Jones, Ann & Mick: Mick is the guitarist of Foreigner, an immensely popular rock band in the ‘70s and ‘80s. His wife, Ann, is a jewelry designer, and friend of Ghislaine. Ann Jones was photographed at a party with Ghislaine and Donald Trump in 1997 (source: https://www.the-sun.com/news/85818/epstein-madam-ghislaine-maxwell-milked-billionaire-dad-and-threw-lavish-parties-with-beautiful-women/)
Josephson, Barry & Jackie: Barry is a producer and the former President of Production for Columbia Pictures. Jackie is his ex-wife and also a producer.
Karella, Kalliope: Wife of Prince Pierre d’Arenberg. Kalliope is a good friend of Ghislaine Maxwell.
Kastner, Ron: No info found.
Katz, Anton & Robin Plant: Anton is CEO and co-founder of Talos Trading, which specializes in cryptocurrency. Anton and Robin are friends of and have been photographed with Ghislaine (source: https://www.patrickmcmullan.com/search/?person=5b3ef50c9f929066764df255).
Katzeneilenbogen, Mark: Long-time investment banker who used to be based out of South Africa.
Keeling, Sarah: There is a Sarah Keeling in London who is a former British government official with 20 years of experience in national security and intelligence experience, however, the phone number listed has a 410 area code, which leads back to eastern Maryland. Inconclusive.
Kegan, Rory: A nightclub designer and creator. Co-founder of the exclusive, celebrity-filled London nightclub, Chinawhite. Prince Andrew (source: https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/9818190/prince-andrew-pictures-cast-doubt-epstein-sex-slave/) and Prince Albert of Monaco are regulars. Chelsea Clinton has been there, as well (source: https://www.standard.co.uk/news/bright-night-for-china-white-6299739.html). Other patrons include: Prince Andrew, Kate Middleton, George Clooney, Leonardo DiCaprio, and more.
Keidan, Amanda: Owner of Keidan Jewelry.
Keidan, Jon: An entertainment executive-turned-venture capitalist. As an entertainment exec, Keidan worked with John Legend, Dave Matthews Band, and Nappy Roots. Keidan serves on the Council of Foreign Relations, a powerful group that some believe determines foreign policy. Former and current members include former presidents, current and former politicians, business magnates, and celebrities (https://www.cfr.org/membership/roster).
Keller, Georgie: Interior designer.
Kellette Frayse, Caroline: Fashion editor at Vogue and Tatler (both magazines constantly come up in Epstein’s contacts). Former girlfriend of Imran Khan, whose name has come up frequently. Passed away in 2014. Her husband, Jean-Marc Fraysse, is a French investment banker.
Kelmenson, Leo-Arthur & Gayl: Leo was an advertising and marketing guru who has been credited with saving Chrysler. Friend and advisor to Lee Iacocca, former President of Chrysler. He worked as Special Project Officer for the U.S. Department of State under President John F. Kennedy and AG Robert F. Kennedy. He had tons of connections. His former maid accused him of sexual harassment in 2010 (source: https://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/maid-harassment-suit-claims-ad-exec-leo-arthur-kelmenson-madman-pervy-mad-men-wannabe-article-1.156915). Kelmenson died less than two months after the story came out.
Kennedy Cuomo, Andrew & Kerry: Andrew is the current governor of New York. It’s no secret that Cuomo is willing to look the other way on sexual deviancy as long as he receives a payoff. Cuomo halted a probe into the handling of Harvey Weinstein’s case in New York after receiving $25,000 from Weinstein’s law firm (source: https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/bjbqg4/andrew-cuomo-received-dollar25000-donation-from-harvey-weinsteins-law-firm). Andrew’s brother, CNN Host Chris Cuomo famously told viewers “not to get caught up in the intrigue of who Epstein’s friends are” (source: https://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2019/07/11/cnn_cuomo_lets_not_get_caught_up_in_the_intrigue_of_who_was_friends_with_jeffrey_epstein.html). Perhaps, he was covering for his brother. Kerry Kennedy is Cuomo’s ex-wife of fifteen years, the daughter of RFK, and a close friend of Ghislaine Maxwell. Supposedly, Kennedy provided Ghislaine with informal illegal advice (source: https://www.splicetoday.com/politics-and-media/the-nth-word-and-m-theory).
Kennedy Jr. Ted: Son of Ted Kennedy and nephew of JFK and RFK. Ted Jr. dabbled in politics and currently works as a lawyer. His father, Ted, was a notorious sexual abuser (allegedly).
Kennedy, Bobby & Mary: Bobby is the son of RFK and nephew of JFK. Bobby is a known drug abuser and philanderer. Bobby kept a sex journal detailing his conquests while he was married (source: https://nypost.com/2013/09/08/rfk-jr-s-sex-diary-of-adultery/). His ex-wife, Mary, committed “suicide” two years after their divorce. Before committing suicide, Mary told a friend that she “feared for her life” and Bobby told her that she “would be better off dead” (source: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3231043/How-serial-cheater-Bobby-Kennedy-Jr-strutted-family-home-exposing-private-parts-demanded-m-nage-trois-wife-Mary-went-public-Cheryl-Hines-telling-Mary-things-easier-killed-herself.html).
Kennedy, Ethel: Widow of RFK Sr. and mother of eleven, including Bobby Kennedy, Kerry Kennedy, and Joseph Kennedy II.
Kennedy, Jo: Joseph Kennedy II is the son of RFK Sr. and Ethel. Served in the House of Representatives from 1987-1999. In 1973, Joseph was convicted of negligent driving after paralyzing a young woman. He was fined $100.
Kennedy, Senator Edward: Brother of JFK and RFK, Ted Kennedy served as U.S. Senator of Massachusetts for 47 years. Besides politics, Ted is best known for the Chappaquiddick incident in which a young female speechwriter for RFK drowned to death when he lost control of his vehicle while driving across a bridge. He was charged with leaving the scene of an incident and given a two month suspended sentence. Ted was also notorious for his extramarital affairs. Senator Kennedy once hosted a party at his house attended by Bill Clinton and Lynn Forester de Rothschild. Rothschild wrote a letter to Clinton afterwards in which she mentions that they spoke about Epstein (source: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7283825/Jeffrey-Epstein-injured-jail-cell-following-possible-suicide-assault.html). It is unclear what was said or what Rothschild’s connection could possibly be.
Kersner, Sol: South African accountant and hotel and casino magnate who died of cancer in 2020. Kerzner was a close friend of Donald Trump. They even worked together to create The Palm, a man-made island off the coast of Dubai (source: https://www.ft.com/content/46393280-d9f9-11da-b7de-0000779e2340). Kerzner was also close friends with Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/sarah-ferguson-the-duchess-of-york-sol-kerzner-chairman-and-news-photo/83768272), Naomi Campbell (https://www.gettyimages.ca/detail/news-photo/naomi-campbell-and-sol-kerzner-pose-backstage-during-the-news-photo/82869744), and Bill Clinton (https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8144647/As-Sol-Kerzner-dies-aged-84-RICHARD-KAY-looks-riotously-louche-life.html). Kerzner was very good friends with Nelson Mandela and built his casino resorts with Gerard Inzerillo, who you can read about in my G-I ‘Black Book’ thread.
Khayat, Antoine, Jana, & George: Jana is an heiress and businesswoman. Jana is the niece of Galen Weston, a close friend of Prince Charles. George is her brother and CEO of Associated British Foods. Jana’s husband, Antoine, is a former banker and currently runs their vineyard.
Kidd, Jemma: Kidd is a British makeup artist, fashion model, and aristocrat. Married to Arthur Wellesley, Earl of Mornington, the son of the Duke and Duchess of Wellington, making her a Countess. Kidd is an interesting figure with elite connections. From 2005-2012, Ghislaine Maxwell served as Director of Jemma Kidd Make-Up Limited, a U.K. makeup company, which was founded by Kidd. Not only did Ghislaine serve as Director, but she was also a shareholder, along with the Rothschild family (source: https://nationalpost.com/news/world/in-hiding-for-years-epstein-accomplice-ghislaine-maxwell-spotted-in-l-a-burger-shop). If you click around the PDFs on this website (https://beta.companieshouse.gov.uk/company/05340072/filing-history), you can see everything. The 16 JUN 2006 PDF on page 3 shows you a list of Officers and shareholders of the company. Jemma Kidd has also attended charity events for the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) (https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-beckham-nspcc-party-jemma-kidd-106882170.html). Her sister, Jodie, is also a huge supportefundraiser of the NSPCC, as well as the Help a London Child and Monsoon Accessorize Trust charities, both of which help out disadvantaged children (source: https://www.looktothestars.org/celebrity/jodie-kidd).
King, Abby: No info found.
Kirwin Taylor, Charlie & Helen: Charles is an investment banker. He was former CEO of Credit Suisse in Switzerland, an investment firm which shows up a few times through Epstein’s contacts. His wife, Helen, is a journalist.
Kirwin Taylor, Peter: British financier. Was a member of the Pilgrims Society (https://isgp-studies.com/pilgrims-society-membership-list), a group that has included the Rothschilds, Rockefellers, and other elites amongst its ranks.
Kissinger, Dr. Henry A: Former U.S. Secretary of State and National Security Advisor under Nixon. Kissinger has long been accused of committing war crimes (ex: carpet bombing Cambodia, installing fascist governments in Chile and Argentina, genocide, extending our stay in Vietnam, etc) yet somehow managed to win a Nobel Peace Prize in 1973. Kissinger once said, “Military men are dumb, stupid animals to be used as pawns for foreign policy.” Kissinger served with Epstein on the Trilateral Commission. Kissinger has also been a member of the Bilderberg Group, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Aspen Institute, and Bohemian Grove. Long thought to be an advocate for a globalist New World Order, Kissinger is a scumbag of the highest order. His connections with Gates, the Clintons, Bush Sr. and Jr., the Rockefellers, and the Rothschilds are well-documented. If anyone here has ever done any research regarding the NWO, you have undoubtedly seen Kissinger’s name several times.
Klee, Rupert & Charlotte de: Rupert is a Director with Oakridge Group, a property development and investment company. His wife, Charlotte, is the producer of the religious plays at Wintershall.
Klesch, Johnathan: Former Director of Klesch Trading, which specializes in industrial commodities. It has offices in Russia, Malta, Surrey, and in London, down the block from Buckingham Palace.
Koch, David: Co-founder of Koch Industries, a diversified manufacturing conglomerate. Koch Industries has stolen oil from Indian reservations, committed hundreds of polluting, labor, and workplace safety violations. When he ran on the Libertarian ticket as the vice presidential nominee in 1980, Koch aimed to abolish Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, welfare benefits, and minimum wage. Koch and Epstein were friends. Epstein even attended a party at Koch’s Southampton home (https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7270735/Jeffrey-Epstein-Trumps-closest-advisers-Wilbur-Ross-Rudy-Giuliani-Steve-Mnunchin.html). Koch has also been photographed with Ghislaine Maxwell (https://www.reddit.com/KochWatch/comments/dcjth3/david_koch_ghislaine_maxwell_getty_images/). Thankfully, Koch died last year.
Kohl, Astrid: A businesswoman involved in pharmaceuticals. Married to Prince Alexander of Liechtenstein. Daughter-in-law of Prince Philipp of Liechtenstein. Niece of former German Chancellor, Helmut Kohl.
Kotic, Boby: CEO of Activision Blizzard, a video game holding company. Used to run several electronic companies. From 2003-2008, he was a director at Yahoo! In 2012, he became a non-executive director of Coca-Cola.
Kotze, Alex Von: British businessman involved in the tech industry.
Kravetz, Anna: Not much info found. Has a degree in finance from Wharton School and used to live on Park Avenue in NYC.
Krooth, Caryn: A successful real estate agent based out of Los Angeles
Kudrow, Alistar: No info found.
Lal, Dalamal: Director of Akron Corp. & Akron (Nig.) Ltd., a food and beverage import company based out of Nigeria.
Lalaunis, Demetra: Daughter of Ilias Lalaounis, a pioneer in Greek jewelry and a world renowned goldsmith.
Lambert, Christopher: Well-known actor.
Lambert, David: Former partner, managing director, and VP at Goldman Sachs.
Lambert, Edward: Lampert is a billionaire hedge fund manager and former CEO of Sears. Lampert graduated from Yale University in 1984 where he was a member of Skull and Bones. Rumored pedophile David Geffen gave Lampert $200 million to invest in 1992, when Lampert was just 29 years old. Lampert made Geffen $1 billion.
Lambos Duff & John: Karen “Duff” Duffy is an actress, model, and TV personality. She has had memorable roles as the love interest in “Blank Check” and as JP Shay in “Dumb and Dumber.” Duffy has battled with sarcoidosis, a deadly central nervous system disease, since the mid-’90s. She credits Harvey Weinstein with saving her life (https://nypost.com/2000/10/03/coping-with-class-this-model-patient-suffers-in-style/). John is a former banker with Morgan Stanley and current President of GCA-US, an investment banking company.
Lang, Caroline: An art expert and Chairman at Sotheby’s Switzerland.
Lange, Dieter: Former Partner at WilliamHare, an international law firm with offices in London, Berlin, the U.S., Beijing, and Brussels. Passed away in 2010.
Larsen Janet: The only one I can find is a Business Psychologist based out of London.
Laurie, Jonathan: Founder and CEO of Cheyne Capital Management, an alternate investment fund firm.
Lavlada, Laura D.B. de: Laura Diez Barroso is a Mexican businesswoman. She sold her stock in Televisa for $726 million in 1993. Since then, she has been the head of several other companies.
Lawford Christopher & Jean: Christopher was an actor and relative of the Kennedys. His uncles were JFK, RFK, and Ted Kennedy. Many of his relatives appear in Epstein’s ‘Black Book’. His first wife, Jeannie, was an ad-sales associate for New York Magazine.
Lawton Paul: Two British businessmen with the same name come up. Both have extensive resumes. Could be either one.
Lazar, Christopher & Marie: Christophe seems to be a realtor in Paris, but I am not completely sure.
Le Bon, Simon & Jasmine: Simon is the lead singer of Duran Duran. His wife, Yasmin, is/was a fashion model. Yasmin is represented by Models1 in London. Models1 also represents Epstein and Ghislaine’s friend, Naomi Campbell. Le Bon has been accused of sexual assault in the past (https://www.freep.com/story/news/2018/07/12/simon-le-bons-accuser-sex-assault-claim-speaks-out-awful/777106002/).
Le Fur, Jean-Yves: French businessman and magazine creator. He was once Princess Stephanie of Monaco’s ex-fiance. More notably, Le Fur was the one who discovered supermodel Karen Mulder (his girlfriend at the time) on the floor after she attempted suciide. Mulder blew the lid off the rampant rape and sexual abuse that she and her modeling colleagues had suffered at the hands of businessmen, royalty, celebrities, and government officials. She was even the protege of Epstein collaborator (allegedly), Jean Luc Brunel (https://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/article238351108.html).
Le Marg Willie: No info found.
Lea, Piers: CEO of Learning Technologies Group, a workplace digital learning company.
Leeds, Jeffrey: Co-founder and Managing Partner of Leeds Equity. One of Leeds Equity’s partner companies is Endeavor Schools, which runs private preschools, primary schools, and secondary schools in Florida and 11 other states (https://www.leedsequity.com/news/articles/leeds-equity-partners-completes-investment-in-endeavor-schools). They are also partners with Fusion Educational Group (now Fusion Academy), which runs a chain of private secondary schools (https://www.leedsequity.com/news/articles/leeds-equity-partners-completes-investment-in-fusion-education-group). Former teacher Kris White, now the head of Fusion Academy in Palo Alto, allegedly told a student that he was in love with her and wrote her a note saying he was “obsessed” with her. (https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/07/12/teachers-named-in-presentation-high-sex-investigation-kept-working-as-bay-area-educators-for-years/). This story was just published on July 12, 2020. Hypothetically, if one wanted to procure underage children, it would certainly help if the head of the school was on board and possibly a pedophile himself. According to this former teacher at Fusion Academy, “many students struggle with learning differences, behavioral issues, and/or addictions” (https://www.glassdoor.com/Reviews/Employee-Review-Fusion-Academy-RVW21260629.htm). In other words, the downtrodden and vulnerable. Fusion Academy refers to itself as a non-traditional school that focuses on individual students. Seems like a great opportunity. Leeds was also good friends with Epstein (https://nymag.com/nymetro/news/people/n_7912/) and has close ties to Colin Powell and Rudy Giuliani (https://nypost.com/2016/09/14/colin-powell-wont-vote-for-her-because-of-bill-clinton/).
Lefcourt, Jerry: Famous lawyer who defended Epstein in 2007. That same year, Epstein donated $250,000 to the Washington-based Foundation for Criminal Justice, where Lefcourt was a board member.
Lester, Dominick: Founder and owner of MortgageFlex Systems, a mortgage lending company.
Levine, Phillip: Ex-Miami Beach mayor and close friend of Bill and Hillary Clinton. He claims that he doesn’t know how Epstein got his contact information… all 13 phone numbers, including those of his driver and housekeepers (https://www.miaminewtimes.com/news/ex-miami-beach-mayor-philip-levine-listed-13-times-in-jeffrey-epsteins-black-book-11242116)!
Liman, Doug: Popular Hollywood director and producer. He directed Swingers, The Bourne Identity, and a couple of Tom Cruise movies.
Lindeman-Barnet, Sloan & Roger: Sloan has been a New York Times bestseller and an on-air and print reporter for NBC, ABC, and Reuters. Sloan and Roger also sit on the board of the Spence School in New York City, a private K-12 all-girls school (https://www.spenceschool.org/2017---news-detail?pk=999120). Her husband, Roger, is the founder of beauty.com and Chairman and CEO of Shaklee, a highly successful nutrition company. Donald Trump, Melania Trump, and Ghislaine Maxwell all attended the publication party for Sloan’s book in 2008 (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/ghislaine-maxwell-anton-katz-and-robin-katz-attend-sloan-news-photo/619921016 ; https://www.gettyimages.co.uk/detail/news-photo/donald-trump-melania-trump-sloan-barnett-and-roger-barnett-news-photo/619921180).Other guests included Steve Mnuchin, Epstein and Maxwell chum Carol Mack, and a bunch of others also featured in Epstein’s ‘Black Book’ (Colin Cowie, Anton and Robin Katz, and Vittorio Assaf).
Lindemann, Adam & Elizabeth: Adam is a billionaire investor and art gallery owner. Brother of Sloan (mentioned just above). Elizabeth is his ex-wife. She is often photographed with many other people mentioned in Epstein’s ‘Black Book.’
Lindemann, George(Sr.) & Freida: Now-deceased billionaire father of Sloan and Adam. George was the CEO and Chairman of Southern Union, a pipeline company and served as Vice President of the Metropolitan Opera Association of NYC. His wife, Frayda, is the President and CEO of the Metropolitan Opera.
Lindsay, Alex & Jaclyn: Alex is a war documentary maker who rents out his loft at the address Epstein has listed (https://www.independent.co.uk/property/house-and-home/property/spheres-of-influence-72014.html).
Lindsey, Ludovic: Racecar driver.
Lindsley, Blake: Actress who was in two movies directed by Doug Liman (also in Epstein’s book) - “Swingers” and “Getting In.”
Linley, David: Princess Margaret’s son, Queen Elizabeth II’s nephew, and first cousin of Prince Charles and Prince Andrew. Linley is a furniture maker and the 2nd Earl of Snowdon. He used to be the Chairman of Christie’s auction house in the UK.
Liogos, Babis: No info found, but one of the numbers traces back to Thylan Associates, a real estate and investment firm.
Lister, Paul: Likely the director of legal services and company secretary for Associated British Foods, or it could be a conservationist. Not sure which.
Livanos, Arriette: I believe this Arietta Livanos, wife of Greek shipping magnate, Stavros Livanos. Arietta passed away in 1986.
Lo Cascio, Robert: Founder and CEO of LivePerson, a tech company that develops conversational commerce. LoCascio was photographed with Ghislaine at an after party in 2012 (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/ghislaine-maxwell-and-robert-locascio-attend-osklen-spring-news-photo/1169681572).
Loeb, Alex: Alexandra is the daughter of John Loeb, former U.S. Ambassador to Denmark under Reagan and former Delegate to the United Nations. John Loeb was also a special advisor to Nelson Rockefeller. Alexandra is also a descendant of the Lehman family (Lehman Brothers). Alexandra graduated from Spence Day School for Girls (mentioned earlier under Sloan and Roger Lindemann-Barnett).
Lonsdale, Richard: British investment banker.
Lorenzoti, Eva Vivre: Founder of luxury online retailer, Vivre.com and is a TV spokesperson/personality. Good friend of Ghislaine Maxwell. Maxwell and a couple of Rockefellers were guests at her house for a dinner party in 2010 (https://hauteliving.com/2010/11/doris-world-eva-lorenzottis-dinner-party/105102/).
Lorimer, John & Lottie: John works as a private investor and as a realtor. His wife, Lottie, is an interior designer.
Louthan Guy J: Prolific British film producer and former boyfriend of actress Liz Hurley (also in Epstein’s book).
Love, Courtney: Famous drug addict, musician, and actress who likely killed her husband, Kurt Cobain. Courtney famously claimed that Prince Andrew showed up to her house late one night in 2000 looking for sex. She has since retracted this claim. The entries under Love’s name all say ‘Dana’ next to them. This is Courtney’s ex-boyfriend, Dana Giacchetto. Giacchetto was considered to be the “stockbroker to the stars” and was friends with JFK Jr, Leonardo DiCaprio, Johnny Depp, and many others. He ripped his clients off of millions. Even more telling, Giacchetto was involved in a sex abuse case against X-Men director Bryan Singer (https://www.yahoo.com/entertainment/news/leonardo-dicaprios-convicted-ex-money-manager-denies-bryan-050000120.html). He died in 2016 after he partied too hard and overdosed (https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/dana-giacchetto-dead-stockbroker-stars-902383).
Lowell, Ivana: Guinness heiress who wrote about Harvey Weinstein’s sexual abuse while she worked at Miramax in her book back in 2010 (https://www.irishcentral.com/culture/entertainment/guinness-heiress-spoke-out-about-predator-harvey-weinstein-7-years-ago). She also dated Harvey’s younger brother, Bob.
Loyd Mark: No info found.
Lucas, Colin: The godfather of Boris Johnson, England’s current Prime Minister. Lucas is a British historian and university administrator. Served as Vice Chancellor of Oxford University from 1997-2004.
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  1. Writing Analytically,8th Edition:David Rosenwasser
  2. Astronomy: A Beginner's Guide to the Universe, 7th Edition:Eric Chaisson & Steve McMillan
  3. Rock and Roll: Its History and Stylistic Development,7th Edition:Joe Stuessy& Scott D. Lipscomb
  4. Organization Development: The Process of Leading Organizational Change,4th Edition:Donald L. Anderson
  5. Calculus, 7th Edition:James Stewart
  6. Understanding Psychology, 13th Edition:Robert S Feldman
  7. Java How To Program (Early Objects),10th Edition:Paul J. Deitel & Harvey Deitel;
  8. Western Civilizations - Their History & Their Culture (18th Ed)(Combined Volume)(gnv64): Joshua Cole & Carol Symes
  9. Customer Relationship Management: Concept, Strategy, and Tools, 2nd Edition: V. Kumar & Werner Reinartz
  10. Mastering the Reading Section for the TOEFL iBT:Kathy Spratt
  11. Workbook for HegneAcello/Caldwell's Nursing Assistant: A Nursing Process Approach, 11th Edition:Barbara Acello
  12. Essentials of Strategic Management: The Quest for Competitive Advantage,6th Edition:John Gamble
  13. Nurse Operating Room (CNOR): Specialty Review and Self-Assessment: Danna Flowers & Tammy Toney-Butler
  14. CNOR Exam Practice Questions,1st Edition:CNOR Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  15. Essential Calculus, 2nd Edition:James Stewart
  16. Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition:Mehdi Khosrow-Pou
  17. Criminal Procedure,3rd Edition:Matthew Lippman
  18. Awakening: An Introduction to the History of Eastern Thought, 5th Edition:Patrick S. Bresnan
  19. Shelly Cashman Series Microsoft Office 365 & Excel 2016: Comprehensive (MindTap Course List) 1st Edition: Steven M. Freund & Joy L. Starks & Eric Schmieder
  20. Climate Change: The Science of Global Warming and Our Energy Future ,1st Edition:Edmond Mathez & Jason Smerdon
  21. Evaluating Public and Community Health Programs,2nd Edition:Muriel J. Harris
  22. Rules for Writers with 2016 MLA Update,8th Edition: Diana Hacker & Nancy Sommers
  23. Business and Administrative Communication, 11th Edition:Kitty O. Locker & Donna S. Kienzler
  24. Communicating in Small Groups: Principles and Practices ,11th Edition:Steven A. Beebe & John T. Masterson
  25. MCSA Guide to Configuring Advanced Microsoft Windows Server 2012 /R2 Services, Exam 70-412,1st Edition:Greg Tomsho
  26. Essentials of Family Therapy, The,6th Edition:Michael P. Nichols
  27. Family Health Care Nursing: Theory, Practice, and Research,5th Edition:Joanna Rowe Kaakinen & Deborah Padgett Coehlo
  28. Evidence-Based Nursing,4th Edition:Sarah Jo Brown
  29. Developmental Biology,11th Edition: Scott F. Gilbert & Michael J. F. Barresi
  30. Understanding Wine Chemistry,1st Edition: Andrew L. Waterhouse & Gavin L. Sacks & David W. Jeffery
  31. Big C++: Late Objects,3rd Edition:Cay S. Horstmann
  32. Basic College Mathematics,8th Edition:John Tobey Jr.
  33. African-American Odyssey, The, Combined Volume,7th Edition:Darlene Clark Hine
  34. Fundamentals of Applied Electromagnetics,7th Edition: Fawwaz T. Ulaby & Umberto Ravaioli
  35. The 10-Minute Clinical Assessment,2nd Edition:Knut Schroeder
  36. Introductory Chemistry,6th Edition:Nivaldo J. Tro
  37. UpDating! : How to Get a Man or Woman Who Once Seemed Out of Your League:Leil Lowndes
  38. How to Make Anyone Fall in Love with You,1st Edition:Leil Lowndes
  39. CSET Chemistry Exam Secrets Study Guide:CSET Exam Secrets Test Prep Team
  40. CSET Science Exam Secrets Study Guide,1st Edition:CSET Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  41. The Concussion Repair Manual: A Practical Guide to Recovering from Traumatic Brain Injuries:Dr. Dan Engle
  42. Introduction to Meta-Analysis (Statistics in Practice): Michael Borenstein & Larry V. Hedges & Julian P. T. Higgins & Hannah R. Rothstein
  43. Cities and Urban Life (6th Edition): John J. Macionis & Vincent N. Parrillo
  44. International Business: Competing in the Global Marketplace,11th Edition: Charles W. L. Hill Dr & G. Tomas M. Hult
  45. Gerontology for the Health Care Professional,3rd Edition: Regula H. Robnett & Walter C. Chop
  46. Excellence Through Equity:Alan M. Blankstein
  47. Fundamentals of Information Systems,8th Edition: Ralph Stair & George Reynolds
  48. The Fine Line: Making Distinctions in Everyday Life:Eviatar Zerubavel
  49. Delay and Disruption in Construction Contracts,5th Edition:Andrew Burr
  50. Managerial Accounting: Tools for Business Decision Making, 5th Edition: Jerry J. Weygandt & Paul D. Kimmel & Donald E. Kieso
  51. Federal Income Tax: Code and Regulations--Selected Sections (2017-2018):Martin B. Dickinson
  52. Management Now, 2nd Edition:Andrew W. Ghillyer
  53. CURRENT Diagnosis and Treatment Pediatrics,22th Edition.: William Hay & Myron Levin & Robin Deterding & Mark Abzug
  54. Psychology,8th Edition: Douglas A. Bernstein & Louis A. Penner & Alison Clarke-Stewart & Edward Roy
  55. Biological Psychology,12th Edition:James W. Kalat
  56. Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences,5th Edition:Frederick J Gravetter
  57. Transcultural Concepts in Nursing Care,7th Edition: Margaret M. Andrews & Joyceen S. Boyle
  58. Young China Hand: Matt Huang & Grace Hsu
  59. City of Gangs: Glasgow and the Rise of the British Gangster:Andrew Davies
  60. Foundations of Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach,5th Edition: Leslie A. Miller & Robert L. Lovler
  61. Psychology in Modules,11th Edition: David G. Myers & C. Nathan DeWall
  62. Youth Street Gangs,1st Edition:David C. Brotherton
  63. Microsoft Visual Basic 2015: RELOADED,6th Edition:Diane Zak
  64. Consumer Behaviour: Buying, Having, and Being, Seventh Canadian Edition (7th Edition):Michael R. Solomon
  65. Essentials of Life-Span Development, 3rd edition:John Santrock
  66. Family Conflict: Managing the Unexpected,1st Edition: Heather Canary & Daniel Canary
  67. Excellence in Business Communication,12th Edition:John V. Thill & Courtland L. Bovee
  68. Parent-Child Relations: An Introduction to Parenting (9th Edition):Jerry J. Bigner & Clara Gerhardt
  69. Health Psychology: Biopsychosocial Interactions,9th Edition: Edward P. Sarafino & Timothy W. Smith
  70. Macroeconomics: 5th Canadian Edition - Study Guide and Workbook:N. Gregory Mankiw & William Scarth
  71. Exploring Strategy: Text and Cases (11th Edition):Gerry Johnson & Richard Whittington & Patrick Regnér & Kevan Scholes & Duncan Angwin
  72. Nursing Theorists and Their Work,8th Edition: Martha Alligood
  73. Republican Like Me:Ken Stern
  74. Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction, 1st Edition:P. H. Matthews
  75. Pharmacology (Lippincott Illustrated Reviews Series),5th Edition:Richard A. Harvey & Michelle A Clark & Richard Finkel & Jose A. Rey & Karen Whalen
  76. Real Essays Interactive: A Brief Guide to Writing Essays, Updated Edition:Susan Anker
  77. Race, Class, and Gender in the United States: An Integrated Study,10th Edition:Paula S. Rothenberg
  78. IT Strategy: Issues and Practices (3rd Edition): James D. McKeen & Heather A. Smith
  79. Windows Server 2016: Server Infrastructure (IT Pro Solutions):William Stanek
  80. Human Development: A Cultural Approach, 1st Edition:Jeffrey J. Arnett
  81. Diversity in Families,10th Edition:Maxine Baca Zinn; & D. Stanley Eitzen & Barbara Wells
  82. A Novel Approach to Politics: Introducing Political Science through Books, Movies, and Popular Culture, 4th Edition:Douglas A. Van Belle
  83. Julien's Primer of Drug Action - Claire D. Advokat,13th Edition:Advokat, Claire D.& Comaty, Joseph E. & Julien, Robert M.
  84. Roots Too: White Ethnic Revival in Post-Civil Rights America:Matthew Frye Jacobson
  85. Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles,:George J. Sanchez
  86. Leadership Roles and Management Functions in Nursing, 9th Edition: Carol J. Huston & Bessie L. Marquis
  87. Angel Island: Immigrant Gateway to America: Erika Lee & Judy Yung
  88. Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life,11th Edition:David M. Newman
  89. The Business Writer's Companion,8th Edition: Gerald J. Alred & Charles T. Brusaw
  90. Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher,6th Edition:Geoffrey E. Mills
  91. Electronic Media: Then, Now, and Later,3rd Edition: Norman J. Medoff & Barbara Kaye
  92. Federal Income Taxation, 13th (Concepts and Insights Series): Marvin Chirelstein and Lawrence Zelenak
  93. American Education,18th Edition:Joel Spring
  94. Elementary Linear Algebra,8th Edition:Ron Larson
  95. Speak Up!: An Illustrated Guide to Public Speaking,3rd Edition: Fraleigh, Douglas M. & Tuman, Joseph S.
  96. Introduction to Logic Design,3rd Edition:Marcovitz, Alan B;
  97. How to Read Literature Like a Professor: A Lively and Entertaining Guide to Reading Between the Lines:Thomas C Foster
  98. Textiles: Basics (Fashion Series), 1st Edition:Sara J. Kadolph
  99. Conservation Biology: Foundations, Concepts, Applications,2nd Edition:Fred Van Dyke
  100. Human Resource Management,15th Edition;Gary Dessler
  101. Working with Words,9th Edition: Brian S. Brooks & James L. Pinson
  102. The Law of Journalism and Mass Communication,5th Edition; Robert Trager & Susan Dente Ross
  103. Practical Argument: Short 3rd Edition; Laurie G. Kirszner & Stephen R. Mandell
  104. Prelude to Programming,6th Edition; Stewart Venit & Elizabeth Drake;
  105. Philosophy: A Historical Survey with Essential Readings,9th Edition: Samuel Enoch Stumpf & James Fieser
  106. The Koreas,2nd Edition:Charles K. Armstrong
  107. Cengage Advantage Books: The American Past, Volume I: To 1877, 9th Edition:Joseph R. Conlin
  108. Human Motor Control,2nd Edition:David A. Rosenbaum
  109. Criminal Procedure (Justice Series),3rd Edition:John L. Worrall
  110. Understanding Nutrition,15th Edition:Eleanor Noss Whitney
  111. The Social Organization of Work,5th Edition:Randy Hodson
  112. Il tempo degli stregoni. 1919-1929:Wolfram Eilenberger
  113. Depressione: Quando non è solo tristezza,Italian Edition:C. Di Agostino and M. Fabi
  114. On Epistemology,1st Edition;Linda Zagzebski
  115. Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings,11th Edition; Robert C. Solomon & K athleen M. Higgins
  116. Government and Not-for-Profit Accounting: Concepts and Practices,7th Edition:Michael H. Granof; Saleha B. Khumawala; Thad D. Calabrese; Daniel L. Smith
  117. Leadership and Nursing Care Management, 6th Edition:Diane Huber
  118. Classroom Assessment,1st Edition:Dr Craig A Mertler
  119. Ritratto di uno stalker (Omero), Italian Edition:Cinzia Piccoli
  120. Project Management Case Studies,5th Edition:Harold Kerzner
  121. The Politics of Canadian Foreign Policy, 4th Edition,:Kim Richard Nossal & Stéphane Roussel & Stéphane Paquin
  122. Health and Wellness for Life With Online Study Guide (Health on Demand) 1st Edition:Human Kinetics
  123. HOW 13: A Handbook for Office Professionals,13th Edition: James L. Clark & Lyn R. Clark
  124. Discovering the Internet: Complete,5th Edition:Jennifer Campbell
  125. An Introduction to Community & Public Health,9th Edition: James F. McKenzie & Robert R. Pinger & Denise Seabert
  126. The Brief American Pageant: A History of the Republic, Volume I: To 1877,9th Edition: David M. Kennedy & Lizabeth Cohen
  127. Technical Drawing with Engineering Graphics,15th Edition: Frederick E Giesecke & Alva Mitchell & Henry C Spencer
  128. Solid Waste Engineering: A Global Perspective,3rd Edition: William A. Worrell & P. Aarne Vesilind
  129. Strategic Marketing, 10th Edition:David Cravens & Nigel Piercy
  130. South-Western Federal Taxation 2018: Individual Income Taxes,41th Edition: William H. Hoffman & James C. Young
  131. Human Resource Management,14th Edition: Robert L. Mathis & John H. Jackson
  132. Working in Groups (6th Edition): Isa N. Engleberg & Dianna R. Wynn
  133. Working in Groups: Communication Principles and Strategies, 7th Edition: Isa N. Engleberg & Dianna R. Wynn
  134. Media & Culture: Mass Communication in a Digital Age,10th Edition: Richard Campbell & Christopher R. Martin & Bettina Fabos
  135. Government Policy Towards Business,5th Edition:James A. Brander
  136. The Norton Anthology of English Literature,Vol. 1, 9th Edition:Stephen Greenblatt
  137. Violence and Maltreatment in Intimate Relationships,1st Edition: Cindy L. Miller-Perrin & Robin D. Perrin & Claire M. Renzetti
  138. Introduction to Linear Algebra (5th International Edition):Lee W. Johnson
  139. The New Leadership Challenge, 5th Edition: Sheila C. Grossman & Theresa M. Valiga
  140. The Call to Write, Brief,6th Edition:John Trimbur
  141. Human Nature and the Evolution of Society,1st Edition:Stephen K. Sanderson
  142. Public Administration: An Action Orientation,7th Edition: Robert B. Denhardt & Janet V. Denhardt & Tara A. Blanc
  143. Phlebotomy: A Competency Based Approach,4th Edition: Lillian Mundt & Kathryn Booth
  144. The Legal Environment of Business: Text and Cases,10th Edition:Frank B. Cross
  145. Charlotte Huck's Children's Literature: A Brief Guide,2nd Edition: Kiefer, Barbara & Tyson, Cynthia
  146. Clinical Assessment Workbook: Balancing Strengths and Differential Diagnosis,2nd Edition:Elizabeth Pomeroy
  147. Korea's Online Gaming Empire:Dal Yong Jin
  148. Sensation and Perception, 1st Edition:Steven Yantis
  149. Elementary Statistics in Social Research,12th Edition: James Alan Fox & Jack A. Levin & David R. Forde
  150. Procedures in the Justice System (11th Edition): Cliff Roberson & Harvey Wallace
  151. MLA Handbook, 8th Edition,:The Modern Language Association of America
  152. El bilingüismo en el mundo hispanohablante,1st Edition:Silvina Montrul
  153. The Norton Anthology of English Literature ,Vol. 2,9th Edition:M. H. Abrams & Stephen Greenblatt
  154. The World of Psychology, Eighth Canadian Edition,8th Edition: Samuel E. Wood & Ellen Green Wood & Denise Boyd
  155. Toward a Moral Horizon,2nd Edition: Janet L. Storch & Patricia Rodney & Rosalie Starzomski
  156. Dynamics of Mass Communication: Media in Transition,12th Edition: Joseph Dominick
  157. Empowerment Series: Essential Research Methods for Social Work,4th Edition: Allen Rubin & Earl R. Babbie
  158. Principles of Microeconomics (Second Edition): Lee Coppock & Dirk Mateer
  159. Seeking Food Rights: Nation, Inequality and Repression in Uzbekistan,1st Edition: Nancy R. Rosenberger
  160. Organizational Behavior: Human Behavior at Work,14th Edition:John Newstrom
  161. Business Communication Today,14th Edition: Courtland L. Bovee & John V. Thill;
  162. Canadian Social Policy: A New Introduction,5th Edition: John R Graham & Micheal L. Shier& Roger Delaney
  163. Program Evaluation for Social Workers,7th Edition Richard M. Grinnell & Peter A. Gabor & Yvonne A. Unrau
  164. Design of Buildings for Wind,2nd Edition:Emil Simiu
  165. Macroeconomics (2nd Edition): Daron Acemoglu and David Laibson
  166. The Architecture of Computer Hardware and System Software: An Information Technology Approach,5th Edition:Irv Englander
  167. The Fundamentals of Ethics,3rd Edition: Russ Shafer-Landau
  168. How Children Develop,5th Edition : Robert S. Siegler & Jenny Saffran & Nancy Eisenberg & Judy S. DeLoache
  169. Buildings across Time: An Introduction to World Architecture,4th Edition: Fazio, Michael & Moffett, Marian & Wodehouse, Lawrence
  170. Comparative Employment Relations in the Global Economy,1st Edition:Carola Frege
  171. Intermediate Algebra,7th Edition:Elayn Martin-Gay
  172. American Government and Politics Today: Essentials 2017-2018 Edition:Barbara A. Bardes
  173. Entrepreneurship, Canadian Edition,1st Edition: William D. Bygrave & Andrew Zacharakis & Sean Wise
  174. Digital Media Law,2nd Edition:Ashley Packard
  175. Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology,4th Edition: Connie Allen & Valerie Harper
  176. The Religion Toolkit: A Complete Guide to Religious Studies,1st Edition: John Morreall & Tamara Sonn
  177. Microeconomics,4th Edition: Paul Krugman & Robin Wells
  178. Digital Media Ethics, 2nd Edition:Charles Ess
  179. Investigating Terrorism: Current Political, Legal and Psychological Issues,1st Edition:John Pearse
  180. The Psychology of Terrorism 2nd Edition:John G. Horgan
  181. Religions of the World (13th Edition): Lewis M. Hopfe & Mark R. Woodward & Brett Hendrickson
  182. Precalculus Enhanced with Graphing Utilities (7th Edition): Michael Sullivan & Michael Sullivan III
  183. Data Abstraction & Problem Solving with C++: Walls and Mirrors (7th Edition): Frank M. Carrano & Timothy M. Henry
  184. Business Communication Essentials,Global 7th Edition: Courtland L. Bovee & John V. Thill
  185. China's Innovation Challenge: Overcoming the Middle-Income Trap: Arie Y. Lewin & Martin Kenney
  186. Politics in China: An Introduction, 2nd Edition:William A. Joseph
  187. Interpersonal Conflict,10th Edition:William Wilmot
  188. Data Structures and Algorithms Using Java, 1st Edition:William McAllister
  189. Word Power Made Easy:Norman Lewis
  190. The Journey of Adulthood (8th Edition):Barbara R. Bjorklund
  191. Statistics for The Behavioral and Social Sciences,5th Edition: Arthur Aron & Elliot J. Coups & Elaine N. Aron
  192. Alan Turing: The Enigma: The Book That Inspired the Film The Imitation Game: Andrew Hodges
  193. Personality: Classic Theories and Modern Research,6th Edition: Howard S. Friedman & Miriam W. Schustack
  194. Age of Opportunity: Laurence Steinberg
  195. Introduction to Econometrics, Update (3rd Edition): James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson
  196. Policy Analysis: Concepts and Practice, 6th Edition: David L. Weimer & Aidan R. Vining
  197. International Trade, Fourth Edition: Robert C. Feenstra & Alan M. Taylor
  198. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics 11th Edition: Ferdinand P. Beer & E. Russell Johnston Jr. & David Mazurek
  199. Brief Principles of Macroeconomics,8th Edition: N. Gregory Mankiw
  200. Mass Media and American Politics,9th Edition: Doris A. Graber & Johanna Dunaway
  201. Auditing & Assurance Services , 7th Edition: Timothy J Louwers & Allen Blay & David Sinason & Jerry R Strawser & Jay C. Thibodeau
  202. Concepts in Federal Taxation 2018,25th Edition:Kevin E. Murphy
  203. Developmental Psychology: The Growth of Mind and Behavior:Frank Keil
  204. Medical Terminology Quick & Concise: A Programmed Learning Approach,1st Edition: Marjorie Canfield Willis
  205. Organizational Behaviour: Understanding and Managing Life at Work,10th Edition: Gary Johns & Alan M. Saks
  206. Casebook for DSM-5™: Diagnosis and Treatment Planning: Elizabeth Ventura
  207. Canadian Business And The Law,6th Edition: Dorothy Duplessis & Shannon O'By
  208. Public Speaking: Strategies for Success (8th Edition):David Zarefsky
  209. Practicing Texas Politics, 2017-2018 Edition,17th Edition: Lyle Brown & Joyce A. Langenegger
  210. A Course in Ordinary Differential Equations, 2nd Edition: Stephen A. Wirkus & Randall J. Swift
  211. Managerial Economics and Strategy,2nd Edition: Jeffrey M. Perloff & James A. Brander
  212. Great Groups: Creating and Leading Effective Groups,1st Edition:David R. Hutchinson
  213. Clinical Psychology: Science, Practice, and Culture,4th Edition:Andrew M. Pomerantz
  214. Empowerment Series: Research Methods for Social Work,9th Edition: Allen Rubin & Earl R. Babbie
  215. Human Sexuality Today,8th Edition: Bruce M. King & Pamela Regan
  216. Introduction to US Health Policy,4th Edition:Donald A. Barr
  217. IT Strategy: Issues and Practices (3rd Edition): James D. McKeen & Heather A. Smith
  218. Lifelong Motor Development,7th Edition:Carl Gabbard
  219. GMAT Prep Plus 2018: 6 Practice Tests + Proven Strategies + Online + Video + Mobile:Kaplan Test Prep
  220. 5 lb. Book of GRE Practice Problems,2nd Edition:Manhattan Prep
  221. GMAT Prep Guide 2017-2018:GMAT Advanced Review Strategy Team
  222. GRE Prep Plus 2018: Practice Tests + Proven Strategies + Online + Video + Mobile:Kaplan Test Prep
  223. Prebles' Artforms (11th Edition): Duane Preble Emeritus & Sarah Preble & Patrick L. Frank
  224. The New Market Wizards: Conversations with America's Top Traders: Jack D Schwager
  225. Statistical Methods for Engineers,3rd Edition: G. Geoffrey Vining & Scott Kowalski
  226. Introduction to Mass Communication: Media Literacy and Culture,8th Edition:Stanley Baran
  227. Operations Management: Sustainability and Supply Chain Management,12th Edition:Jay Heizer & Barry Render & Chuck Munson
  228. Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiology: Essentials of Respiratory Care,6th Edition:Terry Des Jardins
  229. Rau's Respiratory Care Pharmacology, 9th Edition:Douglas S. Gardenhire
  230. Applied Sport Psychology: Personal Growth to Peak Performance, 7th Edition: Jean M. Williams & Vikki Krane
  231. Infants and Children: Prenatal through Middle Childhood (8th Edition): Laura E. Berk & Adena B. Meyers
  232. How to Write and Present Technical Information, 4th Edition:Charles H. Sides
  233. How to Write a Lot: A Practical Guide to Productive Academic Writing, 1st Edition:Paul J. Silvia
  234. Sound Systems: Design and Optimization,3rd Edition:Bob McCarthy
  235. Dental Instruments: A Pocket Guide, 4th Edition:Linda R. Bartolomucci Boyd
  236. Electricity for the Entertainment Electrician & Technician,2nd Edition:Richard Cadena
  237. Applied Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist,7th Edition:Haveles, Elena Bablenis
  238. Foundations of Periodontics for the Dental Hygienist,4th Edition: Jill S. Gehrig & Donald E. Willmann
  239. Sound System Engineering, 4th Edition: Davis, Don & Patronis, Eugene & Brown, Pat
  240. Master Handbook of Acoustics, 6th Edition: F. Alton Everest & Ken C Pohlmann
  241. University Calculus: Early Transcendentals (3rd Edition): Joel R. Hass & Maurice D. Weir & George B. Thomas
  242. Design Concepts for Engineers,5th Edition:Mark N. Horenstein
  243. Passing the PRINCE2 Exams For Dummies:Nick Graham
  244. ITIL For Dummies,1st Edition:Peter Farenden
  245. 100 Things Every Designer Needs to Know About People , 1st Edition:Susan Weinschenk
  246. The Design of Everyday Things: Revised and Expanded Edition:Don Norman
  247. Introduction to Derivatives and Risk Management,10th Edition:Don M. Chance
  248. Japanese from Zero! 2:George Trombley & Yukari Takenaka
  249. Management of Information Security,5th Edition:Michael E. Whitman
  250. Strategic Management and Business Policy,14th Edition: Thomas L. Wheelen & J. David Hunger &, Alan N. Hoffman & Chuck Bamford
  251. Why We Work (TED Books): Barry Schwartz
  252. Readings about the Social Animal,11th Edition: Aronson, Joshua & Elliot Aronson
  253. Statistics for Business and Economics,13th Edition: James T. McClave & P. George Benson
  254. Organizational Behavior,10th Edition: Robert Kreitner & Angelo Kinicki
  255. Business & Society: Ethics, Sustainability & Stakeholder Management,10th Edition: Archie B. Carroll & Jill Brown & Ann K. Buchholtz
  256. Organizational Behaviour: Concepts, Controversies, Applications, Seventh Canadian Edition: Nancy Langton & Stephen P. Robbins & Timothy A. Judge
  257. Japanese from Zero! 1,6th Edition: George Trombley & Yukari Takenaka
  258. Survey of ECON,3rd Edition:Robert L. Sexton
  259. Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity,1st Edition:Richard A. Peterson
  260. Experimental Organic Chemistry: A Miniscale & Microscale Approach,6th Edition;John C. Gilbert
  261. Psychology and the Challenges of Life: Adjustment and Growth,13th Edition: Jeffrey S. Nevid & Spencer A. Rathus
  262. Strategic Management: Concepts: Competitiveness and Globalization,12th Edition:Michael A. Hitt
  263. Essentials of International Relations,7th Edition:Karen A. Mingst & Ivan M. Arreguín-Toft
  264. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution Enlarged Edition:Bernard Bailyn
  265. Revolutionary Characters: What Made the Founders Different:Gordon S. Wood
  266. Struggle for Democracy, The, 2014 Elections and Updates Edition (11th Edition): Edward S. Greenberg & Benjamin I. Page
  267. Anderson's Business Law and the Legal Environment, Comprehensive Volume,23th Edition: David P. Twomey & ‎Marianne M. Jennings & ‎Stephanie Greene
  268. College Algebra and Trigonometry,6th Edition:Margaret L. Lial & John Hornsby
  269. Julie Taboulie's Lebanese Kitchen: Authentic Recipes for Fresh and Flavorful Mediterranean Home Cooking:Julie Ann Sageer & Leah Bhabha
  270. Genetics: A Conceptual Approach, Sixth Edition:Benjamin A. Pierce
  271. Abnormal Psychology and Life: A Dimensional Approach,2nd Edition: Christopher A. Kearney & Timothy J. Trull;
  272. Foundations of Economics: A Christian View:Shawn Ritenour
  273. Eleventh Hour CISSP®,3rd Edition: Eric Conrad & Seth Misenar & Joshua Feldman
  274. Constitutional Law: Principles and Policies (Aspen Student Treatise), 5th Edition:Erwin Chemerinsky
  275. Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum,13th Edition:Laurence M. Behrens & Leonard J. Rosen
  276. Sociology,14th Edition:John J. Macionis
  277. Why Civil Resistance Works:Erica Chenoweth & Maria Stephan
  278. Primate Behavioral Ecology, 5th Edition:Karen B. Strier
  279. Western Attitudes toward Death: Professor Philippe Ariès
  280. Beginning Behavioral Research: A Conceptual Primer (7th Edition): Ralph L. Rosnow & Robert Rosenthal
  281. PostgreSQL: Up and Running,2nd Edition:Regina O. Obe
  282. Muscles: Testing and Function, with Posture and Pain,5th Edition: Kendall, Florence Peterson & McCreary, Elizabeth Kendall,
  283. Secrets: On the Ethics of Concealment and Revelation:Sissela Bok
  284. Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies,12th Edition:Charles R. Goeldner & J. R. Brent Ritchie
  285. The Video Game Debate,1st Edition: Rachel Kowert & Thorsten Quandt
  286. Nutrition Assessment: Clinical and Research Applications, 1st Edition: Nancy Munoz &, Melissa Bernstein
  287. Handbook of Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, 1st Edition: Jerry M. Suls & Karina W. Davidson & Robert M. Kaplan
  288. The Science of Psychology: An Appreciative View,3rd Edition:Laura A. King
  289. The Rehabilitation Specialist's Handbook; 4th Edition:Serge H. Roy & Steven L. Wolf & David A. Scalzitti
  290. The Reluctant Fundamentalist:Mohsin Hamid
  291. Final Gifts: Understanding the Special Awareness,: Maggie Callanan & Patricia Kelley
  292. The Purposeful Argument: A Practical Guide,2nd Edition:Harry Phillips & Patricia Bostian
  293. Practice of Statistics in the Life Sciences,4th Edition:Brigitte Baldi & David S. Moore
  294. The Practice of Public Relations , 13th Edition:Fraser P. Seitel
  295. Functional Anatomy for Physical Therapists,1st Edition:Jutta Hochschild
  296. The Law of Attraction: The Basics of the Teachings of Abraham:Esther Hicks & Jerry Hicks 2714. The Grief Recovery Handbook, 20th Anniversary Expanded Edition:John W. James & Russell Friedman
  297. The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Who Lived Before Achilles:Padraic Colum
  298. The Economics of Money, Banking and Financial Markets, 6th Canadian Edition,:Frederic S. Mishkin
  299. Front Office Management for the Veterinary Team,:Prendergast, Heather
  300. The Psychology Major's Companion,: Dana S. Dunn & Jane S. Halonen
  301. The European Culture Area,6th Edition:Alexander B. Murphy & Terry G. Jordan-Bychkov
  302. Perspectives on International Relations: Power, Institutions, and Ideas,5th Edition:Henry R. Nau
  303. Ways of the World: A Brief Global History with Sources, Volume I,3rd Edition:Strayer, Robert W.
  304. Pierson and Fairchild's Principles & Techniques of Patient Care, 6th Edition: Sheryl L. Fairchild & Roberta Kuchler O'Shea & Robin Washington
  305. Modern Management,14th Edition: Samuel C. Certo & S. Trevis Certo
  306. Microeconomics (The Pearson Series in Economics), 5th Edition:R. Glenn Hubbard & Anthony P. O'Brien
  307. Managers and the Legal Environment: Strategies for Business,9th Edition:Constance E. Bagley
  308. The American Promise, Value Edition, Volume 2: A History of the United States,7th Edition:James L. Roark & Michael P. Johnson & Patricia Cline Cohen & Sarah Stage & Susan M. Hartmann
  309. Technical Communication, MLA Update , 14th Edition:John M. Lannon & Laura J. Gurak
  310. Survey of Economics , 9th Edition:Irvin B. Tucker
  311. Learning to Program with Alice,3rd Edition:Wanda P. Dann
  312. Strategic Management: Text and Cases,9th Edition:Gregory Dess
  313. Gerontological Nursing Competencies for Care,4th Edition:Kristen L. Mauk
  314. Secrets of Analytical Leaders:Wayne Eckerson
  315. The Legal and Ethical Environment of Business: Timothy Fort & Stephen Presse
  316. Mathematics for the Trades , 8th Edition:Robert A. Carman & Hal M. Saunders
  317. Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice, and Leadership,6th Edition:Lee G. Bolman & Terrence E. Deal
  318. An Introduction to Veterinary Medical Ethics: Theory and Cases,2nd Edition:Bernard E. Rollin
  319. A First Course in Probability (International ed of 9th revised ed) ,9th Edition:Sheldon Ross
  320. Argumentation and Critical Decision Making,8th Edition:Richard D. Rieke
  321. Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy,16th Edition:Joel Feinberg
  322. BRS Physiology,7th Edition:Linda S. Costanzo
  323. Financial Accounting, 6th Canadian Edition:Walter T. Harrison Jr. & Charles T. Horngren & C. William Thomas
  324. Construction Accounting & Financial Management,3rd Edition:Steven J. Peterson
  325. Experiences in Movement and Music,5th Edition:Rae Pica
  326. Essentials of Physical Geology,5th Edition:Reed Wicander
  327. The West: Encounters and Transformations, Volume 1 (5th Edition):Brian Levack and Edward Muir
  328. The Ultimate Job Hunter's Guidebook,7th Edition:Susan Greene
  329. The American Promise, Value Edition, Combined Volume: A History of the United States,7th Edition:James L. Roark & Patricia Cline Cohen & Sarah Stage & Susan M. Hartmann & Martin P. Johnson
  330. Biological Psychology, 11th Edition:James W. Kalat

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2020.01.16 10:55 bookseller10 Mega eTextbooks release thread (part-10)! Find your textbooks here between $5-$25 :)

Please find the list below:
  1. Writing Analytically,8th Edition:David Rosenwasser
  2. Astronomy: A Beginner's Guide to the Universe, 7th Edition:Eric Chaisson & Steve McMillan
  3. Rock and Roll: Its History and Stylistic Development,7th Edition:Joe Stuessy& Scott D. Lipscomb
  4. Organization Development: The Process of Leading Organizational Change,4th Edition:Donald L. Anderson
  5. Calculus, 7th Edition:James Stewart
  6. Understanding Psychology, 13th Edition:Robert S Feldman
  7. Java How To Program (Early Objects),10th Edition:Paul J. Deitel & Harvey Deitel;
  8. Western Civilizations - Their History & Their Culture (18th Ed)(Combined Volume)(gnv64): Joshua Cole & Carol Symes
  9. Customer Relationship Management: Concept, Strategy, and Tools, 2nd Edition: V. Kumar & Werner Reinartz
  10. Mastering the Reading Section for the TOEFL iBT:Kathy Spratt
  11. Workbook for HegneAcello/Caldwell's Nursing Assistant: A Nursing Process Approach, 11th Edition:Barbara Acello
  12. Essentials of Strategic Management: The Quest for Competitive Advantage,6th Edition:John Gamble
  13. Nurse Operating Room (CNOR): Specialty Review and Self-Assessment: Danna Flowers & Tammy Toney-Butler
  14. CNOR Exam Practice Questions,1st Edition:CNOR Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  15. Essential Calculus, 2nd Edition:James Stewart
  16. Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition:Mehdi Khosrow-Pou
  17. Criminal Procedure,3rd Edition:Matthew Lippman
  18. Awakening: An Introduction to the History of Eastern Thought, 5th Edition:Patrick S. Bresnan
  19. Shelly Cashman Series Microsoft Office 365 & Excel 2016: Comprehensive (MindTap Course List) 1st Edition: Steven M. Freund & Joy L. Starks & Eric Schmieder
  20. Climate Change: The Science of Global Warming and Our Energy Future ,1st Edition:Edmond Mathez & Jason Smerdon
  21. Evaluating Public and Community Health Programs,2nd Edition:Muriel J. Harris
  22. Rules for Writers with 2016 MLA Update,8th Edition: Diana Hacker & Nancy Sommers
  23. Business and Administrative Communication, 11th Edition:Kitty O. Locker & Donna S. Kienzler
  24. Communicating in Small Groups: Principles and Practices ,11th Edition:Steven A. Beebe & John T. Masterson
  25. MCSA Guide to Configuring Advanced Microsoft Windows Server 2012 /R2 Services, Exam 70-412,1st Edition:Greg Tomsho
  26. Essentials of Family Therapy, The,6th Edition:Michael P. Nichols
  27. Family Health Care Nursing: Theory, Practice, and Research,5th Edition:Joanna Rowe Kaakinen & Deborah Padgett Coehlo
  28. Evidence-Based Nursing,4th Edition:Sarah Jo Brown
  29. Developmental Biology,11th Edition: Scott F. Gilbert & Michael J. F. Barresi
  30. Understanding Wine Chemistry,1st Edition: Andrew L. Waterhouse & Gavin L. Sacks & David W. Jeffery
  31. Big C++: Late Objects,3rd Edition:Cay S. Horstmann
  32. Basic College Mathematics,8th Edition:John Tobey Jr.
  33. African-American Odyssey, The, Combined Volume,7th Edition:Darlene Clark Hine
  34. Fundamentals of Applied Electromagnetics,7th Edition: Fawwaz T. Ulaby & Umberto Ravaioli
  35. The 10-Minute Clinical Assessment,2nd Edition:Knut Schroeder
  36. Introductory Chemistry,6th Edition:Nivaldo J. Tro
  37. UpDating! : How to Get a Man or Woman Who Once Seemed Out of Your League:Leil Lowndes
  38. How to Make Anyone Fall in Love with You,1st Edition:Leil Lowndes
  39. CSET Chemistry Exam Secrets Study Guide:CSET Exam Secrets Test Prep Team
  40. CSET Science Exam Secrets Study Guide,1st Edition:CSET Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  41. The Concussion Repair Manual: A Practical Guide to Recovering from Traumatic Brain Injuries:Dr. Dan Engle
  42. Introduction to Meta-Analysis (Statistics in Practice): Michael Borenstein & Larry V. Hedges & Julian P. T. Higgins & Hannah R. Rothstein
  43. Cities and Urban Life (6th Edition): John J. Macionis & Vincent N. Parrillo
  44. International Business: Competing in the Global Marketplace,11th Edition: Charles W. L. Hill Dr & G. Tomas M. Hult
  45. Gerontology for the Health Care Professional,3rd Edition: Regula H. Robnett & Walter C. Chop
  46. Excellence Through Equity:Alan M. Blankstein
  47. Fundamentals of Information Systems,8th Edition: Ralph Stair & George Reynolds
  48. The Fine Line: Making Distinctions in Everyday Life:Eviatar Zerubavel
  49. Delay and Disruption in Construction Contracts,5th Edition:Andrew Burr
  50. Managerial Accounting: Tools for Business Decision Making, 5th Edition: Jerry J. Weygandt & Paul D. Kimmel & Donald E. Kieso
  51. Federal Income Tax: Code and Regulations--Selected Sections (2017-2018):Martin B. Dickinson
  52. Management Now, 2nd Edition:Andrew W. Ghillyer
  53. CURRENT Diagnosis and Treatment Pediatrics,22th Edition.: William Hay & Myron Levin & Robin Deterding & Mark Abzug
  54. Psychology,8th Edition: Douglas A. Bernstein & Louis A. Penner & Alison Clarke-Stewart & Edward Roy
  55. Biological Psychology,12th Edition:James W. Kalat
  56. Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences,5th Edition:Frederick J Gravetter
  57. Transcultural Concepts in Nursing Care,7th Edition: Margaret M. Andrews & Joyceen S. Boyle
  58. Young China Hand: Matt Huang & Grace Hsu
  59. City of Gangs: Glasgow and the Rise of the British Gangster:Andrew Davies
  60. Foundations of Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach,5th Edition: Leslie A. Miller & Robert L. Lovler
  61. Psychology in Modules,11th Edition: David G. Myers & C. Nathan DeWall
  62. Youth Street Gangs,1st Edition:David C. Brotherton
  63. Microsoft Visual Basic 2015: RELOADED,6th Edition:Diane Zak
  64. Consumer Behaviour: Buying, Having, and Being, Seventh Canadian Edition (7th Edition):Michael R. Solomon
  65. Essentials of Life-Span Development, 3rd edition:John Santrock
  66. Family Conflict: Managing the Unexpected,1st Edition: Heather Canary & Daniel Canary
  67. Excellence in Business Communication,12th Edition:John V. Thill & Courtland L. Bovee
  68. Parent-Child Relations: An Introduction to Parenting (9th Edition):Jerry J. Bigner & Clara Gerhardt
  69. Health Psychology: Biopsychosocial Interactions,9th Edition: Edward P. Sarafino & Timothy W. Smith
  70. Macroeconomics: 5th Canadian Edition - Study Guide and Workbook:N. Gregory Mankiw & William Scarth
  71. Exploring Strategy: Text and Cases (11th Edition):Gerry Johnson & Richard Whittington & Patrick Regnér & Kevan Scholes & Duncan Angwin
  72. Nursing Theorists and Their Work,8th Edition: Martha Alligood
  73. Republican Like Me:Ken Stern
  74. Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction, 1st Edition:P. H. Matthews
  75. Pharmacology (Lippincott Illustrated Reviews Series),5th Edition:Richard A. Harvey & Michelle A Clark & Richard Finkel & Jose A. Rey & Karen Whalen
  76. Real Essays Interactive: A Brief Guide to Writing Essays, Updated Edition:Susan Anker
  77. Race, Class, and Gender in the United States: An Integrated Study,10th Edition:Paula S. Rothenberg
  78. IT Strategy: Issues and Practices (3rd Edition): James D. McKeen & Heather A. Smith
  79. Windows Server 2016: Server Infrastructure (IT Pro Solutions):William Stanek
  80. Human Development: A Cultural Approach, 1st Edition:Jeffrey J. Arnett
  81. Diversity in Families,10th Edition:Maxine Baca Zinn; & D. Stanley Eitzen & Barbara Wells
  82. A Novel Approach to Politics: Introducing Political Science through Books, Movies, and Popular Culture, 4th Edition:Douglas A. Van Belle
  83. Julien's Primer of Drug Action - Claire D. Advokat,13th Edition:Advokat, Claire D.& Comaty, Joseph E. & Julien, Robert M.
  84. Roots Too: White Ethnic Revival in Post-Civil Rights America:Matthew Frye Jacobson
  85. Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles,:George J. Sanchez
  86. Leadership Roles and Management Functions in Nursing, 9th Edition: Carol J. Huston & Bessie L. Marquis
  87. Angel Island: Immigrant Gateway to America: Erika Lee & Judy Yung
  88. Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life,11th Edition:David M. Newman
  89. The Business Writer's Companion,8th Edition: Gerald J. Alred & Charles T. Brusaw
  90. Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher,6th Edition:Geoffrey E. Mills
  91. Electronic Media: Then, Now, and Later,3rd Edition: Norman J. Medoff & Barbara Kaye
  92. Federal Income Taxation, 13th (Concepts and Insights Series): Marvin Chirelstein and Lawrence Zelenak
  93. American Education,18th Edition:Joel Spring
  94. Elementary Linear Algebra,8th Edition:Ron Larson
  95. Speak Up!: An Illustrated Guide to Public Speaking,3rd Edition: Fraleigh, Douglas M. & Tuman, Joseph S.
  96. Introduction to Logic Design,3rd Edition:Marcovitz, Alan B;
  97. How to Read Literature Like a Professor: A Lively and Entertaining Guide to Reading Between the Lines:Thomas C Foster
  98. Textiles: Basics (Fashion Series), 1st Edition:Sara J. Kadolph
  99. Conservation Biology: Foundations, Concepts, Applications,2nd Edition:Fred Van Dyke
  100. Human Resource Management,15th Edition;Gary Dessler
  101. Working with Words,9th Edition: Brian S. Brooks & James L. Pinson
  102. The Law of Journalism and Mass Communication,5th Edition; Robert Trager & Susan Dente Ross
  103. Practical Argument: Short 3rd Edition; Laurie G. Kirszner & Stephen R. Mandell
  104. Prelude to Programming,6th Edition; Stewart Venit & Elizabeth Drake;
  105. Philosophy: A Historical Survey with Essential Readings,9th Edition: Samuel Enoch Stumpf & James Fieser
  106. The Koreas,2nd Edition:Charles K. Armstrong
  107. Cengage Advantage Books: The American Past, Volume I: To 1877, 9th Edition:Joseph R. Conlin
  108. Human Motor Control,2nd Edition:David A. Rosenbaum
  109. Criminal Procedure (Justice Series),3rd Edition:John L. Worrall
  110. Understanding Nutrition,15th Edition:Eleanor Noss Whitney
  111. The Social Organization of Work,5th Edition:Randy Hodson
  112. Il tempo degli stregoni. 1919-1929:Wolfram Eilenberger
  113. Depressione: Quando non è solo tristezza,Italian Edition:C. Di Agostino and M. Fabi
  114. On Epistemology,1st Edition;Linda Zagzebski
  115. Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings,11th Edition; Robert C. Solomon & K athleen M. Higgins
  116. Government and Not-for-Profit Accounting: Concepts and Practices,7th Edition:Michael H. Granof; Saleha B. Khumawala; Thad D. Calabrese; Daniel L. Smith
  117. Leadership and Nursing Care Management, 6th Edition:Diane Huber
  118. Classroom Assessment,1st Edition:Dr Craig A Mertler
  119. Ritratto di uno stalker (Omero), Italian Edition:Cinzia Piccoli
  120. Project Management Case Studies,5th Edition:Harold Kerzner
  121. The Politics of Canadian Foreign Policy, 4th Edition,:Kim Richard Nossal & Stéphane Roussel & Stéphane Paquin
  122. Health and Wellness for Life With Online Study Guide (Health on Demand) 1st Edition:Human Kinetics
  123. HOW 13: A Handbook for Office Professionals,13th Edition: James L. Clark & Lyn R. Clark
  124. Discovering the Internet: Complete,5th Edition:Jennifer Campbell
  125. An Introduction to Community & Public Health,9th Edition: James F. McKenzie & Robert R. Pinger & Denise Seabert
  126. The Brief American Pageant: A History of the Republic, Volume I: To 1877,9th Edition: David M. Kennedy & Lizabeth Cohen
  127. Technical Drawing with Engineering Graphics,15th Edition: Frederick E Giesecke & Alva Mitchell & Henry C Spencer
  128. Solid Waste Engineering: A Global Perspective,3rd Edition: William A. Worrell & P. Aarne Vesilind
  129. Strategic Marketing, 10th Edition:David Cravens & Nigel Piercy
  130. South-Western Federal Taxation 2018: Individual Income Taxes,41th Edition: William H. Hoffman & James C. Young
  131. Human Resource Management,14th Edition: Robert L. Mathis & John H. Jackson
  132. Working in Groups (6th Edition): Isa N. Engleberg & Dianna R. Wynn
  133. Working in Groups: Communication Principles and Strategies, 7th Edition: Isa N. Engleberg & Dianna R. Wynn
  134. Media & Culture: Mass Communication in a Digital Age,10th Edition: Richard Campbell & Christopher R. Martin & Bettina Fabos
  135. Government Policy Towards Business,5th Edition:James A. Brander
  136. The Norton Anthology of English Literature,Vol. 1, 9th Edition:Stephen Greenblatt
  137. Violence and Maltreatment in Intimate Relationships,1st Edition: Cindy L. Miller-Perrin & Robin D. Perrin & Claire M. Renzetti
  138. Introduction to Linear Algebra (5th International Edition):Lee W. Johnson
  139. The New Leadership Challenge, 5th Edition: Sheila C. Grossman & Theresa M. Valiga
  140. The Call to Write, Brief,6th Edition:John Trimbur
  141. Human Nature and the Evolution of Society,1st Edition:Stephen K. Sanderson
  142. Public Administration: An Action Orientation,7th Edition: Robert B. Denhardt & Janet V. Denhardt & Tara A. Blanc
  143. Phlebotomy: A Competency Based Approach,4th Edition: Lillian Mundt & Kathryn Booth
  144. The Legal Environment of Business: Text and Cases,10th Edition:Frank B. Cross
  145. Charlotte Huck's Children's Literature: A Brief Guide,2nd Edition: Kiefer, Barbara & Tyson, Cynthia
  146. Clinical Assessment Workbook: Balancing Strengths and Differential Diagnosis,2nd Edition:Elizabeth Pomeroy
  147. Korea's Online Gaming Empire:Dal Yong Jin
  148. Sensation and Perception, 1st Edition:Steven Yantis
  149. Elementary Statistics in Social Research,12th Edition: James Alan Fox & Jack A. Levin & David R. Forde
  150. Procedures in the Justice System (11th Edition): Cliff Roberson & Harvey Wallace
  151. MLA Handbook, 8th Edition,:The Modern Language Association of America
  152. El bilingüismo en el mundo hispanohablante,1st Edition:Silvina Montrul
  153. The Norton Anthology of English Literature ,Vol. 2,9th Edition:M. H. Abrams & Stephen Greenblatt
  154. The World of Psychology, Eighth Canadian Edition,8th Edition: Samuel E. Wood & Ellen Green Wood & Denise Boyd
  155. Toward a Moral Horizon,2nd Edition: Janet L. Storch & Patricia Rodney & Rosalie Starzomski
  156. Dynamics of Mass Communication: Media in Transition,12th Edition: Joseph Dominick
  157. Empowerment Series: Essential Research Methods for Social Work,4th Edition: Allen Rubin & Earl R. Babbie
  158. Principles of Microeconomics (Second Edition): Lee Coppock & Dirk Mateer
  159. Seeking Food Rights: Nation, Inequality and Repression in Uzbekistan,1st Edition: Nancy R. Rosenberger
  160. Organizational Behavior: Human Behavior at Work,14th Edition:John Newstrom
  161. Business Communication Today,14th Edition: Courtland L. Bovee & John V. Thill;
  162. Canadian Social Policy: A New Introduction,5th Edition: John R Graham & Micheal L. Shier& Roger Delaney
  163. Program Evaluation for Social Workers,7th Edition Richard M. Grinnell & Peter A. Gabor & Yvonne A. Unrau
  164. Design of Buildings for Wind,2nd Edition:Emil Simiu
  165. Macroeconomics (2nd Edition): Daron Acemoglu and David Laibson
  166. The Architecture of Computer Hardware and System Software: An Information Technology Approach,5th Edition:Irv Englander
  167. The Fundamentals of Ethics,3rd Edition: Russ Shafer-Landau
  168. How Children Develop,5th Edition : Robert S. Siegler & Jenny Saffran & Nancy Eisenberg & Judy S. DeLoache
  169. Buildings across Time: An Introduction to World Architecture,4th Edition: Fazio, Michael & Moffett, Marian & Wodehouse, Lawrence
  170. Comparative Employment Relations in the Global Economy,1st Edition:Carola Frege
  171. Intermediate Algebra,7th Edition:Elayn Martin-Gay
  172. American Government and Politics Today: Essentials 2017-2018 Edition:Barbara A. Bardes
  173. Entrepreneurship, Canadian Edition,1st Edition: William D. Bygrave & Andrew Zacharakis & Sean Wise
  174. Digital Media Law,2nd Edition:Ashley Packard
  175. Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology,4th Edition: Connie Allen & Valerie Harper
  176. The Religion Toolkit: A Complete Guide to Religious Studies,1st Edition: John Morreall & Tamara Sonn
  177. Microeconomics,4th Edition: Paul Krugman & Robin Wells
  178. Digital Media Ethics, 2nd Edition:Charles Ess
  179. Investigating Terrorism: Current Political, Legal and Psychological Issues,1st Edition:John Pearse
  180. The Psychology of Terrorism 2nd Edition:John G. Horgan
  181. Religions of the World (13th Edition): Lewis M. Hopfe & Mark R. Woodward & Brett Hendrickson
  182. Precalculus Enhanced with Graphing Utilities (7th Edition): Michael Sullivan & Michael Sullivan III
  183. Data Abstraction & Problem Solving with C++: Walls and Mirrors (7th Edition): Frank M. Carrano & Timothy M. Henry
  184. Business Communication Essentials,Global 7th Edition: Courtland L. Bovee & John V. Thill
  185. China's Innovation Challenge: Overcoming the Middle-Income Trap: Arie Y. Lewin & Martin Kenney
  186. Politics in China: An Introduction, 2nd Edition:William A. Joseph
  187. Interpersonal Conflict,10th Edition:William Wilmot
  188. Data Structures and Algorithms Using Java, 1st Edition:William McAllister
  189. Word Power Made Easy:Norman Lewis
  190. The Journey of Adulthood (8th Edition):Barbara R. Bjorklund
  191. Statistics for The Behavioral and Social Sciences,5th Edition: Arthur Aron & Elliot J. Coups & Elaine N. Aron
  192. Alan Turing: The Enigma: The Book That Inspired the Film The Imitation Game: Andrew Hodges
  193. Personality: Classic Theories and Modern Research,6th Edition: Howard S. Friedman & Miriam W. Schustack
  194. Age of Opportunity: Laurence Steinberg
  195. Introduction to Econometrics, Update (3rd Edition): James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson
  196. Policy Analysis: Concepts and Practice, 6th Edition: David L. Weimer & Aidan R. Vining
  197. International Trade, Fourth Edition: Robert C. Feenstra & Alan M. Taylor
  198. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics 11th Edition: Ferdinand P. Beer & E. Russell Johnston Jr. & David Mazurek
  199. Brief Principles of Macroeconomics,8th Edition: N. Gregory Mankiw
  200. Mass Media and American Politics,9th Edition: Doris A. Graber & Johanna Dunaway
  201. Auditing & Assurance Services , 7th Edition: Timothy J Louwers & Allen Blay & David Sinason & Jerry R Strawser & Jay C. Thibodeau
  202. Concepts in Federal Taxation 2018,25th Edition:Kevin E. Murphy
  203. Developmental Psychology: The Growth of Mind and Behavior:Frank Keil
  204. Medical Terminology Quick & Concise: A Programmed Learning Approach,1st Edition: Marjorie Canfield Willis
  205. Organizational Behaviour: Understanding and Managing Life at Work,10th Edition: Gary Johns & Alan M. Saks
  206. Casebook for DSM-5™: Diagnosis and Treatment Planning: Elizabeth Ventura
  207. Canadian Business And The Law,6th Edition: Dorothy Duplessis & Shannon O'By
  208. Public Speaking: Strategies for Success (8th Edition):David Zarefsky
  209. Practicing Texas Politics, 2017-2018 Edition,17th Edition: Lyle Brown & Joyce A. Langenegger
  210. A Course in Ordinary Differential Equations, 2nd Edition: Stephen A. Wirkus & Randall J. Swift
  211. Managerial Economics and Strategy,2nd Edition: Jeffrey M. Perloff & James A. Brander
  212. Great Groups: Creating and Leading Effective Groups,1st Edition:David R. Hutchinson
  213. Clinical Psychology: Science, Practice, and Culture,4th Edition:Andrew M. Pomerantz
  214. Empowerment Series: Research Methods for Social Work,9th Edition: Allen Rubin & Earl R. Babbie
  215. Human Sexuality Today,8th Edition: Bruce M. King & Pamela Regan
  216. Introduction to US Health Policy,4th Edition:Donald A. Barr
  217. IT Strategy: Issues and Practices (3rd Edition): James D. McKeen & Heather A. Smith
  218. Lifelong Motor Development,7th Edition:Carl Gabbard
  219. GMAT Prep Plus 2018: 6 Practice Tests + Proven Strategies + Online + Video + Mobile:Kaplan Test Prep
  220. 5 lb. Book of GRE Practice Problems,2nd Edition:Manhattan Prep
  221. GMAT Prep Guide 2017-2018:GMAT Advanced Review Strategy Team
  222. GRE Prep Plus 2018: Practice Tests + Proven Strategies + Online + Video + Mobile:Kaplan Test Prep
  223. Prebles' Artforms (11th Edition): Duane Preble Emeritus & Sarah Preble & Patrick L. Frank
  224. The New Market Wizards: Conversations with America's Top Traders: Jack D Schwager
  225. Statistical Methods for Engineers,3rd Edition: G. Geoffrey Vining & Scott Kowalski
  226. Introduction to Mass Communication: Media Literacy and Culture,8th Edition:Stanley Baran
  227. Operations Management: Sustainability and Supply Chain Management,12th Edition:Jay Heizer & Barry Render & Chuck Munson
  228. Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiology: Essentials of Respiratory Care,6th Edition:Terry Des Jardins
  229. Rau's Respiratory Care Pharmacology, 9th Edition:Douglas S. Gardenhire
  230. Applied Sport Psychology: Personal Growth to Peak Performance, 7th Edition: Jean M. Williams & Vikki Krane
  231. Infants and Children: Prenatal through Middle Childhood (8th Edition): Laura E. Berk & Adena B. Meyers
  232. How to Write and Present Technical Information, 4th Edition:Charles H. Sides
  233. How to Write a Lot: A Practical Guide to Productive Academic Writing, 1st Edition:Paul J. Silvia
  234. Sound Systems: Design and Optimization,3rd Edition:Bob McCarthy
  235. Dental Instruments: A Pocket Guide, 4th Edition:Linda R. Bartolomucci Boyd
  236. Electricity for the Entertainment Electrician & Technician,2nd Edition:Richard Cadena
  237. Applied Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist,7th Edition:Haveles, Elena Bablenis
  238. Foundations of Periodontics for the Dental Hygienist,4th Edition: Jill S. Gehrig & Donald E. Willmann
  239. Sound System Engineering, 4th Edition: Davis, Don & Patronis, Eugene & Brown, Pat
  240. Master Handbook of Acoustics, 6th Edition: F. Alton Everest & Ken C Pohlmann
  241. University Calculus: Early Transcendentals (3rd Edition): Joel R. Hass & Maurice D. Weir & George B. Thomas
  242. Design Concepts for Engineers,5th Edition:Mark N. Horenstein
  243. Passing the PRINCE2 Exams For Dummies:Nick Graham
  244. ITIL For Dummies,1st Edition:Peter Farenden
  245. 100 Things Every Designer Needs to Know About People , 1st Edition:Susan Weinschenk
  246. The Design of Everyday Things: Revised and Expanded Edition:Don Norman
  247. Introduction to Derivatives and Risk Management,10th Edition:Don M. Chance
  248. Japanese from Zero! 2:George Trombley & Yukari Takenaka
  249. Management of Information Security,5th Edition:Michael E. Whitman
  250. Strategic Management and Business Policy,14th Edition: Thomas L. Wheelen & J. David Hunger &, Alan N. Hoffman & Chuck Bamford
  251. Why We Work (TED Books): Barry Schwartz
  252. Readings about the Social Animal,11th Edition: Aronson, Joshua & Elliot Aronson
  253. Statistics for Business and Economics,13th Edition: James T. McClave & P. George Benson
  254. Organizational Behavior,10th Edition: Robert Kreitner & Angelo Kinicki
  255. Business & Society: Ethics, Sustainability & Stakeholder Management,10th Edition: Archie B. Carroll & Jill Brown & Ann K. Buchholtz
  256. Organizational Behaviour: Concepts, Controversies, Applications, Seventh Canadian Edition: Nancy Langton & Stephen P. Robbins & Timothy A. Judge
  257. Japanese from Zero! 1,6th Edition: George Trombley & Yukari Takenaka
  258. Survey of ECON,3rd Edition:Robert L. Sexton
  259. Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity,1st Edition:Richard A. Peterson
  260. Experimental Organic Chemistry: A Miniscale & Microscale Approach,6th Edition;John C. Gilbert
  261. Psychology and the Challenges of Life: Adjustment and Growth,13th Edition: Jeffrey S. Nevid & Spencer A. Rathus
  262. Strategic Management: Concepts: Competitiveness and Globalization,12th Edition:Michael A. Hitt
  263. Essentials of International Relations,7th Edition:Karen A. Mingst & Ivan M. Arreguín-Toft
  264. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution Enlarged Edition:Bernard Bailyn
  265. Revolutionary Characters: What Made the Founders Different:Gordon S. Wood
  266. Struggle for Democracy, The, 2014 Elections and Updates Edition (11th Edition): Edward S. Greenberg & Benjamin I. Page
  267. Anderson's Business Law and the Legal Environment, Comprehensive Volume,23th Edition: David P. Twomey & ‎Marianne M. Jennings & ‎Stephanie Greene
  268. College Algebra and Trigonometry,6th Edition:Margaret L. Lial & John Hornsby
  269. Julie Taboulie's Lebanese Kitchen: Authentic Recipes for Fresh and Flavorful Mediterranean Home Cooking:Julie Ann Sageer & Leah Bhabha
  270. Genetics: A Conceptual Approach, Sixth Edition:Benjamin A. Pierce
  271. Abnormal Psychology and Life: A Dimensional Approach,2nd Edition: Christopher A. Kearney & Timothy J. Trull;
  272. Foundations of Economics: A Christian View:Shawn Ritenour
  273. Eleventh Hour CISSP®,3rd Edition: Eric Conrad & Seth Misenar & Joshua Feldman
  274. Constitutional Law: Principles and Policies (Aspen Student Treatise), 5th Edition:Erwin Chemerinsky
  275. Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum,13th Edition:Laurence M. Behrens & Leonard J. Rosen
  276. Sociology,14th Edition:John J. Macionis
  277. Why Civil Resistance Works:Erica Chenoweth & Maria Stephan
  278. Primate Behavioral Ecology, 5th Edition:Karen B. Strier
  279. Western Attitudes toward Death: Professor Philippe Ariès
  280. Beginning Behavioral Research: A Conceptual Primer (7th Edition): Ralph L. Rosnow & Robert Rosenthal
  281. PostgreSQL: Up and Running,2nd Edition:Regina O. Obe
  282. Muscles: Testing and Function, with Posture and Pain,5th Edition: Kendall, Florence Peterson & McCreary, Elizabeth Kendall,
  283. Secrets: On the Ethics of Concealment and Revelation:Sissela Bok
  284. Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies,12th Edition:Charles R. Goeldner & J. R. Brent Ritchie
  285. The Video Game Debate,1st Edition: Rachel Kowert & Thorsten Quandt
  286. Nutrition Assessment: Clinical and Research Applications, 1st Edition: Nancy Munoz &, Melissa Bernstein
  287. Handbook of Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, 1st Edition: Jerry M. Suls & Karina W. Davidson & Robert M. Kaplan
  288. The Science of Psychology: An Appreciative View,3rd Edition:Laura A. King
  289. The Rehabilitation Specialist's Handbook; 4th Edition:Serge H. Roy & Steven L. Wolf & David A. Scalzitti
  290. The Reluctant Fundamentalist:Mohsin Hamid
  291. Final Gifts: Understanding the Special Awareness,: Maggie Callanan & Patricia Kelley
  292. The Purposeful Argument: A Practical Guide,2nd Edition:Harry Phillips & Patricia Bostian
  293. Practice of Statistics in the Life Sciences,4th Edition:Brigitte Baldi & David S. Moore
  294. The Practice of Public Relations , 13th Edition:Fraser P. Seitel
  295. Functional Anatomy for Physical Therapists,1st Edition:Jutta Hochschild
  296. The Law of Attraction: The Basics of the Teachings of Abraham:Esther Hicks & Jerry Hicks
  297. The Grief Recovery Handbook, 20th Anniversary Expanded Edition:John W. James & Russell Friedman
  298. The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Who Lived Before Achilles:Padraic Colum
  299. The Economics of Money, Banking and Financial Markets, 6th Canadian Edition,:Frederic S. Mishkin
  300. Front Office Management for the Veterinary Team,:Prendergast, Heather
  301. The Psychology Major's Companion,: Dana S. Dunn & Jane S. Halonen
  302. The European Culture Area,6th Edition:Alexander B. Murphy & Terry G. Jordan-Bychkov
  303. Perspectives on International Relations: Power, Institutions, and Ideas,5th Edition:Henry R. Nau
  304. Ways of the World: A Brief Global History with Sources, Volume I,3rd Edition:Strayer, Robert W.
  305. Pierson and Fairchild's Principles & Techniques of Patient Care, 6th Edition: Sheryl L. Fairchild & Roberta Kuchler O'Shea & Robin Washington
  306. Modern Management,14th Edition: Samuel C. Certo & S. Trevis Certo
  307. Microeconomics (The Pearson Series in Economics), 5th Edition:R. Glenn Hubbard & Anthony P. O'Brien
  308. Managers and the Legal Environment: Strategies for Business,9th Edition:Constance E. Bagley
  309. The American Promise, Value Edition, Volume 2: A History of the United States,7th Edition:James L. Roark & Michael P. Johnson & Patricia Cline Cohen & Sarah Stage & Susan M. Hartmann
  310. Technical Communication, MLA Update , 14th Edition:John M. Lannon & Laura J. Gurak
  311. Survey of Economics , 9th Edition:Irvin B. Tucker
  312. Learning to Program with Alice,3rd Edition:Wanda P. Dann
  313. Strategic Management: Text and Cases,9th Edition:Gregory Dess
  314. Gerontological Nursing Competencies for Care,4th Edition:Kristen L. Mauk
  315. Secrets of Analytical Leaders:Wayne Eckerson
  316. The Legal and Ethical Environment of Business: Timothy Fort & Stephen Presse
  317. Mathematics for the Trades , 8th Edition:Robert A. Carman & Hal M. Saunders
  318. Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice, and Leadership,6th Edition:Lee G. Bolman & Terrence E. Deal
  319. An Introduction to Veterinary Medical Ethics: Theory and Cases,2nd Edition:Bernard E. Rollin
  320. A First Course in Probability (International ed of 9th revised ed) ,9th Edition:Sheldon Ross
  321. Argumentation and Critical Decision Making,8th Edition:Richard D. Rieke
  322. Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy,16th Edition:Joel Feinberg
  323. BRS Physiology,7th Edition:Linda S. Costanzo
  324. Financial Accounting, 6th Canadian Edition:Walter T. Harrison Jr. & Charles T. Horngren & C. William Thomas
  325. Construction Accounting & Financial Management,3rd Edition:Steven J. Peterson
  326. Experiences in Movement and Music,5th Edition:Rae Pica
  327. Essentials of Physical Geology,5th Edition:Reed Wicander
  328. The West: Encounters and Transformations, Volume 1 (5th Edition):Brian Levack and Edward Muir
  329. The Ultimate Job Hunter's Guidebook,7th Edition:Susan Greene
  330. The American Promise, Value Edition, Combined Volume: A History of the United States,7th Edition:James L. Roark & Patricia Cline Cohen & Sarah Stage & Susan M. Hartmann & Martin P. Johnson
  331. Biological Psychology, 11th Edition:James W. Kalat
submitted by bookseller10 to Textbook_releases [link] [comments]


2020.01.06 10:12 bookseller10 Mega eTextbooks release thread (part-10)! Find your textbooks here between $5-$25 :)

Please find the list below:
  1. Writing Analytically,8th Edition:David Rosenwasser
  2. Astronomy: A Beginner's Guide to the Universe, 7th Edition:Eric Chaisson & Steve McMillan
  3. Rock and Roll: Its History and Stylistic Development,7th Edition:Joe Stuessy& Scott D. Lipscomb
  4. Organization Development: The Process of Leading Organizational Change,4th Edition:Donald L. Anderson
  5. Calculus, 7th Edition:James Stewart
  6. Understanding Psychology, 13th Edition:Robert S Feldman
  7. Java How To Program (Early Objects),10th Edition:Paul J. Deitel & Harvey Deitel;
  8. Western Civilizations - Their History & Their Culture (18th Ed)(Combined Volume)(gnv64): Joshua Cole & Carol Symes
  9. Customer Relationship Management: Concept, Strategy, and Tools, 2nd Edition: V. Kumar & Werner Reinartz
  10. Mastering the Reading Section for the TOEFL iBT:Kathy Spratt
  11. Workbook for HegneAcello/Caldwell's Nursing Assistant: A Nursing Process Approach, 11th Edition:Barbara Acello
  12. Essentials of Strategic Management: The Quest for Competitive Advantage,6th Edition:John Gamble
  13. Nurse Operating Room (CNOR): Specialty Review and Self-Assessment: Danna Flowers & Tammy Toney-Butler
  14. CNOR Exam Practice Questions,1st Edition:CNOR Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  15. Essential Calculus, 2nd Edition:James Stewart
  16. Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition:Mehdi Khosrow-Pou
  17. Criminal Procedure,3rd Edition:Matthew Lippman
  18. Awakening: An Introduction to the History of Eastern Thought, 5th Edition:Patrick S. Bresnan
  19. Shelly Cashman Series Microsoft Office 365 & Excel 2016: Comprehensive (MindTap Course List) 1st Edition: Steven M. Freund & Joy L. Starks & Eric Schmieder
  20. Climate Change: The Science of Global Warming and Our Energy Future ,1st Edition:Edmond Mathez & Jason Smerdon
  21. Evaluating Public and Community Health Programs,2nd Edition:Muriel J. Harris
  22. Rules for Writers with 2016 MLA Update,8th Edition: Diana Hacker & Nancy Sommers
  23. Business and Administrative Communication, 11th Edition:Kitty O. Locker & Donna S. Kienzler
  24. Communicating in Small Groups: Principles and Practices ,11th Edition:Steven A. Beebe & John T. Masterson
  25. MCSA Guide to Configuring Advanced Microsoft Windows Server 2012 /R2 Services, Exam 70-412,1st Edition:Greg Tomsho
  26. Essentials of Family Therapy, The,6th Edition:Michael P. Nichols
  27. Family Health Care Nursing: Theory, Practice, and Research,5th Edition:Joanna Rowe Kaakinen & Deborah Padgett Coehlo
  28. Evidence-Based Nursing,4th Edition:Sarah Jo Brown
  29. Developmental Biology,11th Edition: Scott F. Gilbert & Michael J. F. Barresi
  30. Understanding Wine Chemistry,1st Edition: Andrew L. Waterhouse & Gavin L. Sacks & David W. Jeffery
  31. Big C++: Late Objects,3rd Edition:Cay S. Horstmann
  32. Basic College Mathematics,8th Edition:John Tobey Jr.
  33. African-American Odyssey, The, Combined Volume,7th Edition:Darlene Clark Hine
  34. Fundamentals of Applied Electromagnetics,7th Edition: Fawwaz T. Ulaby & Umberto Ravaioli
  35. The 10-Minute Clinical Assessment,2nd Edition:Knut Schroeder
  36. Introductory Chemistry,6th Edition:Nivaldo J. Tro
  37. UpDating! : How to Get a Man or Woman Who Once Seemed Out of Your League:Leil Lowndes
  38. How to Make Anyone Fall in Love with You,1st Edition:Leil Lowndes
  39. CSET Chemistry Exam Secrets Study Guide:CSET Exam Secrets Test Prep Team
  40. CSET Science Exam Secrets Study Guide,1st Edition:CSET Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  41. The Concussion Repair Manual: A Practical Guide to Recovering from Traumatic Brain Injuries:Dr. Dan Engle
  42. Introduction to Meta-Analysis (Statistics in Practice): Michael Borenstein & Larry V. Hedges & Julian P. T. Higgins & Hannah R. Rothstein
  43. Cities and Urban Life (6th Edition): John J. Macionis & Vincent N. Parrillo
  44. International Business: Competing in the Global Marketplace,11th Edition: Charles W. L. Hill Dr & G. Tomas M. Hult
  45. Gerontology for the Health Care Professional,3rd Edition: Regula H. Robnett & Walter C. Chop
  46. Excellence Through Equity:Alan M. Blankstein
  47. Fundamentals of Information Systems,8th Edition: Ralph Stair & George Reynolds
  48. The Fine Line: Making Distinctions in Everyday Life:Eviatar Zerubavel
  49. Delay and Disruption in Construction Contracts,5th Edition:Andrew Burr
  50. Managerial Accounting: Tools for Business Decision Making, 5th Edition: Jerry J. Weygandt & Paul D. Kimmel & Donald E. Kieso
  51. Federal Income Tax: Code and Regulations--Selected Sections (2017-2018):Martin B. Dickinson
  52. Management Now, 2nd Edition:Andrew W. Ghillyer
  53. CURRENT Diagnosis and Treatment Pediatrics,22th Edition.: William Hay & Myron Levin & Robin Deterding & Mark Abzug
  54. Psychology,8th Edition: Douglas A. Bernstein & Louis A. Penner & Alison Clarke-Stewart & Edward Roy
  55. Biological Psychology,12th Edition:James W. Kalat
  56. Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences,5th Edition:Frederick J Gravetter
  57. Transcultural Concepts in Nursing Care,7th Edition: Margaret M. Andrews & Joyceen S. Boyle
  58. Young China Hand: Matt Huang & Grace Hsu
  59. City of Gangs: Glasgow and the Rise of the British Gangster:Andrew Davies
  60. Foundations of Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach,5th Edition: Leslie A. Miller & Robert L. Lovler
  61. Psychology in Modules,11th Edition: David G. Myers & C. Nathan DeWall
  62. Youth Street Gangs,1st Edition:David C. Brotherton
  63. Microsoft Visual Basic 2015: RELOADED,6th Edition:Diane Zak
  64. Consumer Behaviour: Buying, Having, and Being, Seventh Canadian Edition (7th Edition):Michael R. Solomon
  65. Essentials of Life-Span Development, 3rd edition:John Santrock
  66. Family Conflict: Managing the Unexpected,1st Edition: Heather Canary & Daniel Canary
  67. Excellence in Business Communication,12th Edition:John V. Thill & Courtland L. Bovee
  68. Parent-Child Relations: An Introduction to Parenting (9th Edition):Jerry J. Bigner & Clara Gerhardt
  69. Health Psychology: Biopsychosocial Interactions,9th Edition: Edward P. Sarafino & Timothy W. Smith
  70. Macroeconomics: 5th Canadian Edition - Study Guide and Workbook:N. Gregory Mankiw & William Scarth
  71. Exploring Strategy: Text and Cases (11th Edition):Gerry Johnson & Richard Whittington & Patrick Regnér & Kevan Scholes & Duncan Angwin
  72. Nursing Theorists and Their Work,8th Edition: Martha Alligood
  73. Republican Like Me:Ken Stern
  74. Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction, 1st Edition:P. H. Matthews
  75. Pharmacology (Lippincott Illustrated Reviews Series),5th Edition:Richard A. Harvey & Michelle A Clark & Richard Finkel & Jose A. Rey & Karen Whalen
  76. Real Essays Interactive: A Brief Guide to Writing Essays, Updated Edition:Susan Anker
  77. Race, Class, and Gender in the United States: An Integrated Study,10th Edition:Paula S. Rothenberg
  78. IT Strategy: Issues and Practices (3rd Edition): James D. McKeen & Heather A. Smith
  79. Windows Server 2016: Server Infrastructure (IT Pro Solutions):William Stanek
  80. Human Development: A Cultural Approach, 1st Edition:Jeffrey J. Arnett
  81. Diversity in Families,10th Edition:Maxine Baca Zinn; & D. Stanley Eitzen & Barbara Wells
  82. A Novel Approach to Politics: Introducing Political Science through Books, Movies, and Popular Culture, 4th Edition:Douglas A. Van Belle
  83. Julien's Primer of Drug Action - Claire D. Advokat,13th Edition:Advokat, Claire D.& Comaty, Joseph E. & Julien, Robert M.
  84. Roots Too: White Ethnic Revival in Post-Civil Rights America:Matthew Frye Jacobson
  85. Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles,:George J. Sanchez
  86. Leadership Roles and Management Functions in Nursing, 9th Edition: Carol J. Huston & Bessie L. Marquis
  87. Angel Island: Immigrant Gateway to America: Erika Lee & Judy Yung
  88. Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life,11th Edition:David M. Newman
  89. The Business Writer's Companion,8th Edition: Gerald J. Alred & Charles T. Brusaw
  90. Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher,6th Edition:Geoffrey E. Mills
  91. Electronic Media: Then, Now, and Later,3rd Edition: Norman J. Medoff & Barbara Kaye
  92. Federal Income Taxation, 13th (Concepts and Insights Series): Marvin Chirelstein and Lawrence Zelenak
  93. American Education,18th Edition:Joel Spring
  94. Elementary Linear Algebra,8th Edition:Ron Larson
  95. Speak Up!: An Illustrated Guide to Public Speaking,3rd Edition: Fraleigh, Douglas M. & Tuman, Joseph S.
  96. Introduction to Logic Design,3rd Edition:Marcovitz, Alan B;
  97. How to Read Literature Like a Professor: A Lively and Entertaining Guide to Reading Between the Lines:Thomas C Foster
  98. Textiles: Basics (Fashion Series), 1st Edition:Sara J. Kadolph
  99. Conservation Biology: Foundations, Concepts, Applications,2nd Edition:Fred Van Dyke
  100. Human Resource Management,15th Edition;Gary Dessler
  101. Working with Words,9th Edition: Brian S. Brooks & James L. Pinson
  102. The Law of Journalism and Mass Communication,5th Edition; Robert Trager & Susan Dente Ross
  103. Practical Argument: Short 3rd Edition; Laurie G. Kirszner & Stephen R. Mandell
  104. Prelude to Programming,6th Edition; Stewart Venit & Elizabeth Drake;
  105. Philosophy: A Historical Survey with Essential Readings,9th Edition: Samuel Enoch Stumpf & James Fieser
  106. The Koreas,2nd Edition:Charles K. Armstrong
  107. Cengage Advantage Books: The American Past, Volume I: To 1877, 9th Edition:Joseph R. Conlin
  108. Human Motor Control,2nd Edition:David A. Rosenbaum
  109. Criminal Procedure (Justice Series),3rd Edition:John L. Worrall
  110. Understanding Nutrition,15th Edition:Eleanor Noss Whitney
  111. The Social Organization of Work,5th Edition:Randy Hodson
  112. Il tempo degli stregoni. 1919-1929:Wolfram Eilenberger
  113. Depressione: Quando non è solo tristezza,Italian Edition:C. Di Agostino and M. Fabi
  114. On Epistemology,1st Edition;Linda Zagzebski
  115. Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings,11th Edition; Robert C. Solomon & K athleen M. Higgins
  116. Government and Not-for-Profit Accounting: Concepts and Practices,7th Edition:Michael H. Granof; Saleha B. Khumawala; Thad D. Calabrese; Daniel L. Smith
  117. Leadership and Nursing Care Management, 6th Edition:Diane Huber
  118. Classroom Assessment,1st Edition:Dr Craig A Mertler
  119. Ritratto di uno stalker (Omero), Italian Edition:Cinzia Piccoli
  120. Project Management Case Studies,5th Edition:Harold Kerzner
  121. The Politics of Canadian Foreign Policy, 4th Edition,:Kim Richard Nossal & Stéphane Roussel & Stéphane Paquin
  122. Health and Wellness for Life With Online Study Guide (Health on Demand) 1st Edition:Human Kinetics
  123. HOW 13: A Handbook for Office Professionals,13th Edition: James L. Clark & Lyn R. Clark
  124. Discovering the Internet: Complete,5th Edition:Jennifer Campbell
  125. An Introduction to Community & Public Health,9th Edition: James F. McKenzie & Robert R. Pinger & Denise Seabert
  126. The Brief American Pageant: A History of the Republic, Volume I: To 1877,9th Edition: David M. Kennedy & Lizabeth Cohen
  127. Technical Drawing with Engineering Graphics,15th Edition: Frederick E Giesecke & Alva Mitchell & Henry C Spencer
  128. Solid Waste Engineering: A Global Perspective,3rd Edition: William A. Worrell & P. Aarne Vesilind
  129. Strategic Marketing, 10th Edition:David Cravens & Nigel Piercy
  130. South-Western Federal Taxation 2018: Individual Income Taxes,41th Edition: William H. Hoffman & James C. Young
  131. Human Resource Management,14th Edition: Robert L. Mathis & John H. Jackson
  132. Working in Groups (6th Edition): Isa N. Engleberg & Dianna R. Wynn
  133. Working in Groups: Communication Principles and Strategies, 7th Edition: Isa N. Engleberg & Dianna R. Wynn
  134. Media & Culture: Mass Communication in a Digital Age,10th Edition: Richard Campbell & Christopher R. Martin & Bettina Fabos
  135. Government Policy Towards Business,5th Edition:James A. Brander
  136. The Norton Anthology of English Literature,Vol. 1, 9th Edition:Stephen Greenblatt
  137. Violence and Maltreatment in Intimate Relationships,1st Edition: Cindy L. Miller-Perrin & Robin D. Perrin & Claire M. Renzetti
  138. Introduction to Linear Algebra (5th International Edition):Lee W. Johnson
  139. The New Leadership Challenge, 5th Edition: Sheila C. Grossman & Theresa M. Valiga
  140. The Call to Write, Brief,6th Edition:John Trimbur
  141. Human Nature and the Evolution of Society,1st Edition:Stephen K. Sanderson
  142. Public Administration: An Action Orientation,7th Edition: Robert B. Denhardt & Janet V. Denhardt & Tara A. Blanc
  143. Phlebotomy: A Competency Based Approach,4th Edition: Lillian Mundt & Kathryn Booth
  144. The Legal Environment of Business: Text and Cases,10th Edition:Frank B. Cross
  145. Charlotte Huck's Children's Literature: A Brief Guide,2nd Edition: Kiefer, Barbara & Tyson, Cynthia
  146. Clinical Assessment Workbook: Balancing Strengths and Differential Diagnosis,2nd Edition:Elizabeth Pomeroy
  147. Korea's Online Gaming Empire:Dal Yong Jin
  148. Sensation and Perception, 1st Edition:Steven Yantis
  149. Elementary Statistics in Social Research,12th Edition: James Alan Fox & Jack A. Levin & David R. Forde
  150. Procedures in the Justice System (11th Edition): Cliff Roberson & Harvey Wallace
  151. MLA Handbook, 8th Edition,:The Modern Language Association of America
  152. El bilingüismo en el mundo hispanohablante,1st Edition:Silvina Montrul
  153. The Norton Anthology of English Literature ,Vol. 2,9th Edition:M. H. Abrams & Stephen Greenblatt
  154. The World of Psychology, Eighth Canadian Edition,8th Edition: Samuel E. Wood & Ellen Green Wood & Denise Boyd
  155. Toward a Moral Horizon,2nd Edition: Janet L. Storch & Patricia Rodney & Rosalie Starzomski
  156. Dynamics of Mass Communication: Media in Transition,12th Edition: Joseph Dominick
  157. Empowerment Series: Essential Research Methods for Social Work,4th Edition: Allen Rubin & Earl R. Babbie
  158. Principles of Microeconomics (Second Edition): Lee Coppock & Dirk Mateer
  159. Seeking Food Rights: Nation, Inequality and Repression in Uzbekistan,1st Edition: Nancy R. Rosenberger
  160. Organizational Behavior: Human Behavior at Work,14th Edition:John Newstrom
  161. Business Communication Today,14th Edition: Courtland L. Bovee & John V. Thill;
  162. Canadian Social Policy: A New Introduction,5th Edition: John R Graham & Micheal L. Shier& Roger Delaney
  163. Program Evaluation for Social Workers,7th Edition Richard M. Grinnell & Peter A. Gabor & Yvonne A. Unrau
  164. Design of Buildings for Wind,2nd Edition:Emil Simiu
  165. Macroeconomics (2nd Edition): Daron Acemoglu and David Laibson
  166. The Architecture of Computer Hardware and System Software: An Information Technology Approach,5th Edition:Irv Englander
  167. The Fundamentals of Ethics,3rd Edition: Russ Shafer-Landau
  168. How Children Develop,5th Edition : Robert S. Siegler & Jenny Saffran & Nancy Eisenberg & Judy S. DeLoache
  169. Buildings across Time: An Introduction to World Architecture,4th Edition: Fazio, Michael & Moffett, Marian & Wodehouse, Lawrence
  170. Comparative Employment Relations in the Global Economy,1st Edition:Carola Frege
  171. Intermediate Algebra,7th Edition:Elayn Martin-Gay
  172. American Government and Politics Today: Essentials 2017-2018 Edition:Barbara A. Bardes
  173. Entrepreneurship, Canadian Edition,1st Edition: William D. Bygrave & Andrew Zacharakis & Sean Wise
  174. Digital Media Law,2nd Edition:Ashley Packard
  175. Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology,4th Edition: Connie Allen & Valerie Harper
  176. The Religion Toolkit: A Complete Guide to Religious Studies,1st Edition: John Morreall & Tamara Sonn
  177. Microeconomics,4th Edition: Paul Krugman & Robin Wells
  178. Digital Media Ethics, 2nd Edition:Charles Ess
  179. Investigating Terrorism: Current Political, Legal and Psychological Issues,1st Edition:John Pearse
  180. The Psychology of Terrorism 2nd Edition:John G. Horgan
  181. Religions of the World (13th Edition): Lewis M. Hopfe & Mark R. Woodward & Brett Hendrickson
  182. Precalculus Enhanced with Graphing Utilities (7th Edition): Michael Sullivan & Michael Sullivan III
  183. Data Abstraction & Problem Solving with C++: Walls and Mirrors (7th Edition): Frank M. Carrano & Timothy M. Henry
  184. Business Communication Essentials,Global 7th Edition: Courtland L. Bovee & John V. Thill
  185. China's Innovation Challenge: Overcoming the Middle-Income Trap: Arie Y. Lewin & Martin Kenney
  186. Politics in China: An Introduction, 2nd Edition:William A. Joseph
  187. Interpersonal Conflict,10th Edition:William Wilmot
  188. Data Structures and Algorithms Using Java, 1st Edition:William McAllister
  189. Word Power Made Easy:Norman Lewis
  190. The Journey of Adulthood (8th Edition):Barbara R. Bjorklund
  191. Statistics for The Behavioral and Social Sciences,5th Edition: Arthur Aron & Elliot J. Coups & Elaine N. Aron
  192. Alan Turing: The Enigma: The Book That Inspired the Film The Imitation Game: Andrew Hodges
  193. Personality: Classic Theories and Modern Research,6th Edition: Howard S. Friedman & Miriam W. Schustack
  194. Age of Opportunity: Laurence Steinberg
  195. Introduction to Econometrics, Update (3rd Edition): James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson
  196. Policy Analysis: Concepts and Practice, 6th Edition: David L. Weimer & Aidan R. Vining
  197. International Trade, Fourth Edition: Robert C. Feenstra & Alan M. Taylor
  198. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics 11th Edition: Ferdinand P. Beer & E. Russell Johnston Jr. & David Mazurek
  199. Brief Principles of Macroeconomics,8th Edition: N. Gregory Mankiw
  200. Mass Media and American Politics,9th Edition: Doris A. Graber & Johanna Dunaway
  201. Auditing & Assurance Services , 7th Edition: Timothy J Louwers & Allen Blay & David Sinason & Jerry R Strawser & Jay C. Thibodeau
  202. Concepts in Federal Taxation 2018,25th Edition:Kevin E. Murphy
  203. Developmental Psychology: The Growth of Mind and Behavior:Frank Keil
  204. Medical Terminology Quick & Concise: A Programmed Learning Approach,1st Edition: Marjorie Canfield Willis
  205. Organizational Behaviour: Understanding and Managing Life at Work,10th Edition: Gary Johns & Alan M. Saks
  206. Casebook for DSM-5™: Diagnosis and Treatment Planning: Elizabeth Ventura
  207. Canadian Business And The Law,6th Edition: Dorothy Duplessis & Shannon O'By
  208. Public Speaking: Strategies for Success (8th Edition):David Zarefsky
  209. Practicing Texas Politics, 2017-2018 Edition,17th Edition: Lyle Brown & Joyce A. Langenegger
  210. A Course in Ordinary Differential Equations, 2nd Edition: Stephen A. Wirkus & Randall J. Swift
  211. Managerial Economics and Strategy,2nd Edition: Jeffrey M. Perloff & James A. Brander
  212. Great Groups: Creating and Leading Effective Groups,1st Edition:David R. Hutchinson
  213. Clinical Psychology: Science, Practice, and Culture,4th Edition:Andrew M. Pomerantz
  214. Empowerment Series: Research Methods for Social Work,9th Edition: Allen Rubin & Earl R. Babbie
  215. Human Sexuality Today,8th Edition: Bruce M. King & Pamela Regan
  216. Introduction to US Health Policy,4th Edition:Donald A. Barr
  217. IT Strategy: Issues and Practices (3rd Edition): James D. McKeen & Heather A. Smith
  218. Lifelong Motor Development,7th Edition:Carl Gabbard
  219. GMAT Prep Plus 2018: 6 Practice Tests + Proven Strategies + Online + Video + Mobile:Kaplan Test Prep
  220. 5 lb. Book of GRE Practice Problems,2nd Edition:Manhattan Prep
  221. GMAT Prep Guide 2017-2018:GMAT Advanced Review Strategy Team
  222. GRE Prep Plus 2018: Practice Tests + Proven Strategies + Online + Video + Mobile:Kaplan Test Prep
  223. Prebles' Artforms (11th Edition): Duane Preble Emeritus & Sarah Preble & Patrick L. Frank
  224. The New Market Wizards: Conversations with America's Top Traders: Jack D Schwager
  225. Statistical Methods for Engineers,3rd Edition: G. Geoffrey Vining & Scott Kowalski
  226. Introduction to Mass Communication: Media Literacy and Culture,8th Edition:Stanley Baran
  227. Operations Management: Sustainability and Supply Chain Management,12th Edition:Jay Heizer & Barry Render & Chuck Munson
  228. Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiology: Essentials of Respiratory Care,6th Edition:Terry Des Jardins
  229. Rau's Respiratory Care Pharmacology, 9th Edition:Douglas S. Gardenhire
  230. Applied Sport Psychology: Personal Growth to Peak Performance, 7th Edition: Jean M. Williams & Vikki Krane
  231. Infants and Children: Prenatal through Middle Childhood (8th Edition): Laura E. Berk & Adena B. Meyers
  232. How to Write and Present Technical Information, 4th Edition:Charles H. Sides
  233. How to Write a Lot: A Practical Guide to Productive Academic Writing, 1st Edition:Paul J. Silvia
  234. Sound Systems: Design and Optimization,3rd Edition:Bob McCarthy
  235. Dental Instruments: A Pocket Guide, 4th Edition:Linda R. Bartolomucci Boyd
  236. Electricity for the Entertainment Electrician & Technician,2nd Edition:Richard Cadena
  237. Applied Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist,7th Edition:Haveles, Elena Bablenis
  238. Foundations of Periodontics for the Dental Hygienist,4th Edition: Jill S. Gehrig & Donald E. Willmann
  239. Sound System Engineering, 4th Edition: Davis, Don & Patronis, Eugene & Brown, Pat
  240. Master Handbook of Acoustics, 6th Edition: F. Alton Everest & Ken C Pohlmann
  241. University Calculus: Early Transcendentals (3rd Edition): Joel R. Hass & Maurice D. Weir & George B. Thomas
  242. Design Concepts for Engineers,5th Edition:Mark N. Horenstein
  243. Passing the PRINCE2 Exams For Dummies:Nick Graham
  244. ITIL For Dummies,1st Edition:Peter Farenden
  245. 100 Things Every Designer Needs to Know About People , 1st Edition:Susan Weinschenk
  246. The Design of Everyday Things: Revised and Expanded Edition:Don Norman
  247. Introduction to Derivatives and Risk Management,10th Edition:Don M. Chance
  248. Japanese from Zero! 2:George Trombley & Yukari Takenaka
  249. Management of Information Security,5th Edition:Michael E. Whitman
  250. Strategic Management and Business Policy,14th Edition: Thomas L. Wheelen & J. David Hunger &, Alan N. Hoffman & Chuck Bamford
  251. Why We Work (TED Books): Barry Schwartz
  252. Readings about the Social Animal,11th Edition: Aronson, Joshua & Elliot Aronson
  253. Statistics for Business and Economics,13th Edition: James T. McClave & P. George Benson
  254. Organizational Behavior,10th Edition: Robert Kreitner & Angelo Kinicki
  255. Business & Society: Ethics, Sustainability & Stakeholder Management,10th Edition: Archie B. Carroll & Jill Brown & Ann K. Buchholtz
  256. Organizational Behaviour: Concepts, Controversies, Applications, Seventh Canadian Edition: Nancy Langton & Stephen P. Robbins & Timothy A. Judge
  257. Japanese from Zero! 1,6th Edition: George Trombley & Yukari Takenaka
  258. Survey of ECON,3rd Edition:Robert L. Sexton
  259. Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity,1st Edition:Richard A. Peterson
  260. Experimental Organic Chemistry: A Miniscale & Microscale Approach,6th Edition;John C. Gilbert
  261. Psychology and the Challenges of Life: Adjustment and Growth,13th Edition: Jeffrey S. Nevid & Spencer A. Rathus
  262. Strategic Management: Concepts: Competitiveness and Globalization,12th Edition:Michael A. Hitt
  263. Essentials of International Relations,7th Edition:Karen A. Mingst & Ivan M. Arreguín-Toft
  264. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution Enlarged Edition:Bernard Bailyn
  265. Revolutionary Characters: What Made the Founders Different:Gordon S. Wood
  266. Struggle for Democracy, The, 2014 Elections and Updates Edition (11th Edition): Edward S. Greenberg & Benjamin I. Page
  267. Anderson's Business Law and the Legal Environment, Comprehensive Volume,23th Edition: David P. Twomey & ‎Marianne M. Jennings & ‎Stephanie Greene
  268. College Algebra and Trigonometry,6th Edition:Margaret L. Lial & John Hornsby
  269. Julie Taboulie's Lebanese Kitchen: Authentic Recipes for Fresh and Flavorful Mediterranean Home Cooking:Julie Ann Sageer & Leah Bhabha
  270. Genetics: A Conceptual Approach, Sixth Edition:Benjamin A. Pierce
  271. Abnormal Psychology and Life: A Dimensional Approach,2nd Edition: Christopher A. Kearney & Timothy J. Trull;
  272. Foundations of Economics: A Christian View:Shawn Ritenour
  273. Eleventh Hour CISSP®,3rd Edition: Eric Conrad & Seth Misenar & Joshua Feldman
  274. Constitutional Law: Principles and Policies (Aspen Student Treatise), 5th Edition:Erwin Chemerinsky
  275. Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum,13th Edition:Laurence M. Behrens & Leonard J. Rosen
  276. Sociology,14th Edition:John J. Macionis
  277. Why Civil Resistance Works:Erica Chenoweth & Maria Stephan
  278. Primate Behavioral Ecology, 5th Edition:Karen B. Strier
  279. Western Attitudes toward Death: Professor Philippe Ariès
  280. Beginning Behavioral Research: A Conceptual Primer (7th Edition): Ralph L. Rosnow & Robert Rosenthal
  281. PostgreSQL: Up and Running,2nd Edition:Regina O. Obe
  282. Muscles: Testing and Function, with Posture and Pain,5th Edition: Kendall, Florence Peterson & McCreary, Elizabeth Kendall,
  283. Secrets: On the Ethics of Concealment and Revelation:Sissela Bok
  284. Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies,12th Edition:Charles R. Goeldner & J. R. Brent Ritchie
  285. The Video Game Debate,1st Edition: Rachel Kowert & Thorsten Quandt
  286. Nutrition Assessment: Clinical and Research Applications, 1st Edition: Nancy Munoz &, Melissa Bernstein
  287. Handbook of Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, 1st Edition: Jerry M. Suls & Karina W. Davidson & Robert M. Kaplan
  288. The Science of Psychology: An Appreciative View,3rd Edition:Laura A. King
  289. The Rehabilitation Specialist's Handbook; 4th Edition:Serge H. Roy & Steven L. Wolf & David A. Scalzitti
  290. The Reluctant Fundamentalist:Mohsin Hamid
  291. Final Gifts: Understanding the Special Awareness,: Maggie Callanan & Patricia Kelley
  292. The Purposeful Argument: A Practical Guide,2nd Edition:Harry Phillips & Patricia Bostian
  293. Practice of Statistics in the Life Sciences,4th Edition:Brigitte Baldi & David S. Moore
  294. The Practice of Public Relations , 13th Edition:Fraser P. Seitel
  295. Functional Anatomy for Physical Therapists,1st Edition:Jutta Hochschild
  296. The Law of Attraction: The Basics of the Teachings of Abraham:Esther Hicks & Jerry Hicks
  297. The Grief Recovery Handbook, 20th Anniversary Expanded Edition:John W. James & Russell Friedman
  298. The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Who Lived Before Achilles:Padraic Colum
  299. The Economics of Money, Banking and Financial Markets, 6th Canadian Edition,:Frederic S. Mishkin
  300. Front Office Management for the Veterinary Team,:Prendergast, Heather
  301. The Psychology Major's Companion,: Dana S. Dunn & Jane S. Halonen
  302. The European Culture Area,6th Edition:Alexander B. Murphy & Terry G. Jordan-Bychkov
  303. Perspectives on International Relations: Power, Institutions, and Ideas,5th Edition:Henry R. Nau
  304. Ways of the World: A Brief Global History with Sources, Volume I,3rd Edition:Strayer, Robert W.
  305. Pierson and Fairchild's Principles & Techniques of Patient Care, 6th Edition: Sheryl L. Fairchild & Roberta Kuchler O'Shea & Robin Washington
  306. Modern Management,14th Edition: Samuel C. Certo & S. Trevis Certo
  307. Microeconomics (The Pearson Series in Economics), 5th Edition:R. Glenn Hubbard & Anthony P. O'Brien
  308. Managers and the Legal Environment: Strategies for Business,9th Edition:Constance E. Bagley
  309. The American Promise, Value Edition, Volume 2: A History of the United States,7th Edition:James L. Roark & Michael P. Johnson & Patricia Cline Cohen & Sarah Stage & Susan M. Hartmann
  310. Technical Communication, MLA Update , 14th Edition:John M. Lannon & Laura J. Gurak
  311. Survey of Economics , 9th Edition:Irvin B. Tucker
  312. Learning to Program with Alice,3rd Edition:Wanda P. Dann
  313. Strategic Management: Text and Cases,9th Edition:Gregory Dess
  314. Gerontological Nursing Competencies for Care,4th Edition:Kristen L. Mauk
  315. Secrets of Analytical Leaders:Wayne Eckerson
  316. The Legal and Ethical Environment of Business: Timothy Fort & Stephen Presse
  317. Mathematics for the Trades , 8th Edition:Robert A. Carman & Hal M. Saunders
  318. Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice, and Leadership,6th Edition:Lee G. Bolman & Terrence E. Deal
  319. An Introduction to Veterinary Medical Ethics: Theory and Cases,2nd Edition:Bernard E. Rollin
  320. A First Course in Probability (International ed of 9th revised ed) ,9th Edition:Sheldon Ross
  321. Argumentation and Critical Decision Making,8th Edition:Richard D. Rieke
  322. Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy,16th Edition:Joel Feinberg
  323. BRS Physiology,7th Edition:Linda S. Costanzo
  324. Financial Accounting, 6th Canadian Edition:Walter T. Harrison Jr. & Charles T. Horngren & C. William Thomas
  325. Construction Accounting & Financial Management,3rd Edition:Steven J. Peterson
  326. Experiences in Movement and Music,5th Edition:Rae Pica
  327. Essentials of Physical Geology,5th Edition:Reed Wicander
  328. The West: Encounters and Transformations, Volume 1 (5th Edition):Brian Levack and Edward Muir
  329. The Ultimate Job Hunter's Guidebook,7th Edition:Susan Greene
  330. The American Promise, Value Edition, Combined Volume: A History of the United States,7th Edition:James L. Roark & Patricia Cline Cohen & Sarah Stage & Susan M. Hartmann & Martin P. Johnson
  331. Biological Psychology, 11th Edition:James W. Kalat
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2019.12.03 10:21 Vullein070 HBO Max Originals Megathread

HBO Max will launch in May 2020, with a monthly price of $14.99. Existing AT&T HBO customers and HBO Now subscribers who are billed through HBO directly will get access to HBO Max at launch for no extra cost. AT&T customers who are already subscribed to one of AT&T’s services will get one year of HBO Max for free.
Note: Unscripted shows are excluded from this list. Subreddits listed here might be private or empty when you click on them, try again in a few weeks.

Ordered:

Americanah

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Danai Gurira (creator, showrunner, 101).
Starring: Lupita Nyong’o (Ifemelu).
Synopsis: The miniseries tells the story of Ifemelu (Nyong’o), a young, beautiful, self-assured woman raised in Nigeria, who as a teenager falls in love with her classmate Obinze. Living in a military-ruled country, they each depart for the west, with Ifemelu heading for America, where, despite her academic success, she is forced to grapple for the first time with what it means to be black. Quiet, thoughtful Obinze had hoped to join her, but with post-9/11 America closed to him, he instead plunges into a dangerous undocumented life in London.

Circe

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Rick Jaffa (co-creator), Amanda Silver (co-creator).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: The animated series is a modern take on the world of Greek mythology told from the powerful feminist perspective of the goddess Circe, who transforms from an awkward nymph to a formidable witch, able to challenge gods, titans and monsters alike.

Close Enough

Premiere Date: TBA. (Likely May 2020).
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): J.G. Quintel (creator, 101), Deepak Sethi, Kristy Grant.
Starring: J.G. Quintel.
Synopsis: This absurdist animated comedy follows a millennial couple, their young daughter, and the divorced friends who live with them in an L.A. duplex. The show revolves around the married couple juggling such everyday challenges as parenthood, friendship, ham theft, stripper clowns and choosing the right day care.

College Girls [w/t]

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Mindy Kaling (creator, showrunner).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: The single-camera comedy following three 18-year-old freshman roommates at Evermore College in Vermont. A bundle of contradictions and hormones, these sexually active college girls are equal parts lovable and infuriating.

Crime Farm

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Janine Sherman Barrois (creator).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: A psychosexual love story that follows Selma and Richard Eikelenboom, forensic homicide experts whose marriage thrives on their all-consuming investigations into the depravity of the world’s most notorious criminals. As a seminal case upends the paradigm of their relationship, their unique, unconventional and sometimes dangerous arrangement stretches the boundaries of marriage and science to the limit.

DC Super Hero High

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Scott Weinger (creator).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: A half-hour comedy series that follows a group of students experiencing the fun and drama of adolescence at a boarding school for gifted kids. These teens are just trying to navigate the pressures of high school, but none of them realize that someday they will become legendary DC Super Heroes.

Dune: The Sisterhood

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): Denis Villeneuve (101).
Writer(s): Jon Spaihts (creator), Dana Calvo (showrunner).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: Told through the eyes of a mysterious order of women known as the Bene Gesserit. Given extraordinary abilities by their mastery of the body and the mind, the Bene Gesserit expertly weave through the feudal politics and intrigue of The Imperium, pursuing plans of their own that will ultimately lead them to the enigmatic planet Arrakis, known to its inhabitants as Dune. Set in the universe of Frank Herbert’s epic ‘Dune’ novel series.
Note: The search for a showrunner to replace Jon Spaihts is underway.

Grease: Rydell High

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): TBA.
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: The series is still set in the 1950s, a world that rocks with big musical numbers from the period combined with new original songs as well. It’s the peer pressures of high school, the horrors of puberty, and the rollercoaster of life in middle America with a modern sensibility that will bring it to life for today’s musical lovers. The new take reimagines the original movie and will feature some characters from it.

Green Lantern

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): TBA.
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: Based on the characters from the iconic DC comic.

Gremlins: Secrets of the Mogwai

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Tze Chun (creator, 101-110), Anna Christopher (101-110).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: Set in 1920s Shanghai, the animated origin story reveals how 10-year-old Sam Wing met the young Mogwai called Gizmo. Along with a teenage street thief named Elle, Sam and Gizmo take a perilous journey through the Chinese countryside, encountering, and sometimes battling, colorful monsters and spirits from Chinese folklore. On their quest to return Gizmo to his family and uncover a legendary treasure, they are pursued by a power-hungry industrialist and his growing army of evil Gremlins.

Jellystone

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): C.H. Greenblatt (creator).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: The animated series welcomes you to the town of Jellystone – a charming place where your favorite Hanna-Barbera characters live, work and play together…but, at the same time, can’t help but stir up trouble for one another. The animated series will include classic characters such as Yogi Bear, Boo-Boo, Augie Doggie, Doggie Daddy, Ruff, Yakky Doodle, Shag Rugg, Jabberjaw, El Kabong, Top Cat, Captain Caveman, Cindy Bear, Mildew Wolf, Pixie and Dixie and Mr. Jinks, Peter Potamus, Snagglepuss, Magilla Gorilla and more.

Little Ellen

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Ellen DeGeneres (creator).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: A 2D animated children’s show that explores the world through the eyes of a hilarious and unpredictable seven-year-old Ellen DeGeneres. On her adventures in her musical hometown of New Orleans, Little Ellen takes big risks and makes big mistakes, but she’s always able to laugh at herself and bounce back when things don’t go as planned.

Looney Tunes Cartoons

Premiere Date: 2020. (Likely May 2020).
Director(s): David Gemmill (101-103), Pete Browngardt (108).
Writer(s): Pete Browngardt (101), David Gemmill (101), Johnny Ryan (101), Ving Pingerly (104), Bob Tzudiker (108), Noni White (108).
Starring: Eric Bauza (Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Tweety Bird, Pepé Le Pew, Marvin the Martian), Jeff Bergman (Elmer Fudd, Foghorn Leghorn, Sylvester the Cat), Bob Bergen (Porky Pig), Michael Ruocco (Beaky Buzzard), Fred Tatasciore (Yosemite Sam).
Synopsis: The animated series echoes the high production value and process of the original Looney Tunes theatrical shorts with a cartoonist-driven approach to storytelling. Marquee Looney Tunes characters will be featured in their classic pairings in simple, gag-driven and visually vibrant stories.
Note: The season will be 80 episodes, each eleven minutes long, comprising of shorts between one and six minutes, making it nearly 1,000 minutes total.

Love Life

Premiere Date: TBA. (Likely May 2020).
Director(s): Sam Boyd (101).
Writer(s): Sam Boyd (101).
Starring: Anna Kendrick (Darby), Zoe Chao (Sara), Sasha Compere (Mallory), Peter Vack (Jim), Scoot McNairy (Bradley).
Synopsis: The journey from first love to last love, and how the people we’re with along the way make us into who we are when we finally end up with someone forever.

Made for Love

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): S.J. Clarkson (101-110).
Writer(s): Patrick Somerville (creator, showrunner, 101).
Starring: Cristin Milioti (Hazel Green), Billy Magnussen (Byron Gogol), Ray Romano (Herbert Green), Noma Dumezweni (Fiffany), Augusto Aguilera (Liver), Dan Bakkedahl (Herringbone).
Synopsis: The limited series follows Hazel Green (Milioti), a thirtysomething woman on the run after 10 years in a suffocating marriage to Byron Gogol (Magnussen), an unstable, needy, possibly sociopathic tech billionaire. Soon she discovers that her husband has implanted a revolutionary monitoring device – the Made for Love chip – in her brain, allowing him to track her, watch her and know her thoughts and feelings as she tries to stay alive.

Mecha Builders

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): TBA.
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: The animated series will feature favorite Sesame Street characters as heroes in a robot-animation style.
Note: A second, different, animated series is also in development, to be announced at a later date.

Raised by Wolves

Premiere Date: TBA. (Likely May 2020).
Director(s): Ridley Scott (101, 102), Luke Scott (103, 104), Alex Gabassi (107, 108), James Hawes (109).
Writer(s): Aaron Guzikowski (creator, showrunner, 101).
Starring: Travis Fimmel (Marcus), Amanda Collin (Mother), Abubakar Salim (Father), Winta McGrath (Campion), Niamh Algar (Sue).
Synopsis: The sci-fi series centers around two androids — Father (Fimmel) and Mother (Collin) — tasked with raising human children on a mysterious new planet. As the burgeoning colony of humans threatens to be torn apart by religious differences the androids learn that controlling the beliefs of humans is a treacherous and difficult task.

Rap Sh*t [w/t]

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Issa Rae (creator, 101).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: The half-hour comedy series follows a female rap group from outside of Miami trying to make it in the music industry.

Starstruck

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): Karen Maine (101).
Writer(s): Rose Matafeo (creator, 101).
Starring: Rose Matafeo (Rose).
Synopsis: The series follows twenty-something Rose (Matafeo), a millennial in London, juggling two dead-end jobs and navigating the awkward morning-after when she discovers the complications of accidentally sleeping with a movie star.

Station Eleven

Premiere Date: TBA. (Likely May 2020).
Director(s): Hiro Murai (101-110).
Writer(s): Patrick Somerville (creator, showrunner, 101, 102, 110).
Starring: Mackenzie Davis (Kirsten), Himesh Patel (Jeevan), David Wilmot (Clark).
Synopsis: A post-apocalyptic saga spanning multiple timelines, the miniseries tells the stories of survivors of a devastating flu as they attempt to rebuild and reimagine the world anew while holding on to the best of what’s been lost.

Strange Adventures

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): John Stephens (creator, showrunner).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: A DC Super Hero anthology show that will feature characters from across the DC canon. This one-hour drama series will explore close-ended morality tales about the intersecting lives of mortals and superhumans.
Note: The series will include “man of two worlds” Adam Strange, an archaeologist-turned-intergalactic-hero when he’s zeta-beamed to planet Rann, confirming our exclusive from October 1st.

The Flight Attendant

Premiere Date: TBA. (Likely May 2020).
Director(s): Susanna Fogel (101, 102).
Writer(s): Steve Yockey (creator, showrunner), Meredith Lavender (co-showrunner), Marcie Ulin (co-showrunner).
Starring: Kaley Cuoco (Cassie), Sonoya Mizuno (Miranda), Michiel Huisman (Alex), Rosie Perez (Megan), Zosia Mamet (Annie), Merle Dandridge (Kim), T.R. Knight (Davey), Griffin Matthews (Shane Evans), Colin Woodell (Buckley).
Synopsis: The terrifying story of how an entire life can change in one night. A flight attendant (Cuoco) wakes up in the wrong hotel, in the wrong bed, with a dead man – and no idea what happened.

The Fungies!

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Stephen Neary (creator).
Starring: TBA.
Starring: The animated series explores Fungietown through the whimsical quests of Seth, a young student at Fungietown Elementary. Seth loves science and sharing his exciting discoveries with all his Fungie friends. But in his search for the ultimate scientific adventure, Seth often stirs up trouble for Fungietown’s colorful inhabitants leading to hilarious and heartwarming surprises.

The Not Too Late Show with Elmo

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): Benjamin Lehmann (101).
Writer(s): TBA.
Starring: Ryan Dillon (Elmo).
Synopsis: A family-centric live-action take on a late-night talk show, featuring Sesame Street’s celebrity friends.

Tig N’ Seek

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Myke Chilian (creator).
Starring: TBA.
Starring: The animated series is about 8-year-old Tiggy and his gadget-building cat, Gweeseek, as they search for the lost items of Wee Gee City. With Tiggy’s cheerful attitude and Gweeseek’s exceptional inventing capabilities, the duo humorously navigates day-to-day dilemmas at the Department of Lost and Found.

Tokyo Vice

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): Michael Mann (101).
Writer(s): J.T. Rogers (creator, 101).
Starring: Ansel Elgort (Jake Adelstein), Ken Watanabe (Hiroto Katagiri).
Synopsis: American journalist Jake Adelstein (Elgort) embeds himself into the Tokyo Vice police squad to reveal corruption. Each day he descends into the neon-soaked underbelly of Tokyo, where nothing, and no one is truly what or who they seem.
Note: Mann will potentially direct more episodes of the series in its “freshman season,” according to Deadline. Perhaps a second season is already in motion?

Tooned Out

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Jared Stern (creator).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: A half-hour, hybrid live-action and animated comedy, where things get a little cartoony for Mac when he starts seeing iconic cartoon characters, but they’re not just there for laughs, they’re helping him get through a very rough patch in his life.

Untitled Gossip Girl sequel series

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Josh Schwartz (co-creator), Stephanie Savage, (co-creator), Joshua Safran (showrunner).
Starring: Kristen Bell (Narrator).
Synopsis: Eight years after the original website went dark, a new generation of New York private school teens are introduced to the social surveillance of Gossip Girl. The prestige series will address just how much social media — and the landscape of New York itself — has changed in the intervening years.

White House Farm

Premiere Date: 2020. (Likely May 2020).
Director(s): Paul Whittington (101-106).
Writer(s): Kris Mrksa (co-creator, 101-106), Giula Sandler (co-creator, 101-106).
Starring: Stephen Graham (DCI Taff Jones) Freddie Fox, (Jeremy Bamber), Cressida Bonas, (Sheila Caffell), Alfie Allen, (Brett Collins), Mark Addy, Gemma Whelan.
Synopsis: The factual drama tells the story of when members of the same family were murdered at an Essex farmhouse. The series will explore the family tragedy and the contested accounts of the events that took place at White House Farm.

Returning:

Adventure Time: Distant Lands (event series)

Premiere Date: 2020. (Likely May 2020).
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Pendleton Ward (creator).
Starring: Jeremy Shada (Finn), John DiMaggio (Jake), Niki Yang (BMO), Olivia Olsen (Marceline), Hynden Walch (Princess Bubblegum), Steve Little (Peppermint Butler).
Synopsis: These four new hour-long specials will continue the stories that captured imaginations and introduced unlikely heroes Finn and Jake, best buds who traversed the mystical Land of Ooo and encountered its colorful inhabitants.
Note: The first two specials, ‘BMO’ and ‘Obsidian’ are set to premiere sometime in 2020 followed by ‘Wizard City’ and ‘Together Again.’

Doom Patrol (season 2)

Premiere Date: 2020. (Likely May 2020).
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Jeremy Carver (creator, showrunner).
Starring: Diane Guerrero (Crazy Jane), April Bowlby (Rita Farr), Joivan Wade (Vic Stone), Matt Bomer (Larry Trainor), Brendan Fraser, (Cliff Steele), Timothy Dalton (Niles Caulder).
Synopsis: The comic book series follows the unlikely heroes of the eponymous team who all received their powers through tragic circumstances and are generally shunned by society. Most members of the team were treated by Niles Caulder, the Chief, a medical doctor who gave them residence in his mansion to help protect them from the outside world.
Note: The series will also stream on the DC Universe streaming service.

Esme & Roy (season 2)

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Dustin Ferrer (co-creator), Amy Steinberg (co-creator).
Starring: Millie Davis (Esme) Patrick McKenna (Roy), Shayle Simons (Hugo Ooga) Elle Simons (Fig Ooga) Abigail Oliver (Tillie Plink).
Synopsis: The animated series follows a young girl named Esme and her best monster friend, Roy, the most in-demand “monster sitters” in Monsterdale, a town populated mostly by monsters. The duo set out to solve big problems by playing and helping out the young monsters with their problems.

gen:LOCK (season 2)

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): Gray G. Haddock.
Writer(s): Gray G. Haddock (creator, showrunner).
Starring: Michael B. Jordan (Julian Chase), Dakota Fanning (Miranda Worth), Golshifteh Farahani (Yasamin ‘Yaz’ Madrani), Maisie Williams (Cameron ‘Cammie’ MacCloud), David Tennant (Dr. Rufus Weller).
Synopsis: The half-hour animated dystopian series is set 50 years in the future, in which an oppressive authoritarian force threatens to conquer the world. The resistance recruits a team of pilots for a new form of devastating mecha — with Julian Chase (Jordan), the first to volunteer for the cause — but they must be willing to sacrifice everything.
Note: The second season will premiere exclusively on HBO Max 90 days before becoming available to subscribers of Rooster Teeth’s subscription service.

Search Party (season 3)

Premiere Date: May 2020.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Charles Rogers (co-creator, showrunner), Sarah-Violet Bliss (co-creator, co-showrunner), Michael Showalter (co-creator).
Starring: Alia Shawkat (Dory Sief), John Reynolds (Drew Gardner), John Early (Elliott Goss), Meredith Hagner (Portia Davenport), Brandon Micheal Hall (Julian Marcus).
Synopsis: The gang is swept up in the trial of the century after Dory and Drew are charged for the semi-accidental murder of a private investigator. As Elliott and Portia grapple with whether or not to testify as witnesses, the friends are pitted against each other and thrust into the national spotlight as notorious public figures. As Dory’s sanity begins to fracture, it becomes increasingly clear that they may not have brunch together for quite some time.
Note: The series has already been renewed for a fourth season.

Sesame Street (season 51)

Premiere Date: 2020.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Joan Ganz Cooney (creator), Lloyd Morrisett (creator).
Starring: Ryan Dillon (Elmo), David Rudman (Cookie Monster), Matt Vogel (Big Bird, Count von Count), Martin P. Robinson (Mr. Snuffleupagus), Eric Jacobson (Bert, Grover, Oscar the Grouch), Peter Linz (Ernie).
Synopsis: On a special inner city street, the inhabitants, human, and muppet, teach preschool subjects with comedy, cartoons, games, and songs.
Note: The series has already been renewed for seasons 52, 53, 54 and 55. New annual specials will kick off with ‘The Monster at the End of This Show,’ an animated version of ‘The Monster at the End of this Book.’

The Boondocks (season 5)

Premiere Date: Fall 2020.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Aaron McGruder (creator, showrunner).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: The adventures of self-proclaimed “Civil Rights Legend” Robert “Granddad” Freeman, and his two rambunctious grandsons Huey and Riley. The family has recently moved to an idyllic community in suburban Maryland only to see it taken over by the tyrannical Uncle Ruckus and his bizarre neo-fascist regime. Life under Ruckus turns out to be an everyday struggle to survive.
Note: The series has already been renewed for a sixth season. A 50-minute special will premiere in fall 2020.

Films:

15 Minutes of Shame

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): Max Joseph.
Writer(s): TBA.
Starring: Monica Lewinsky (Herself), Max Joseph (Himself).
Synopsis: The documentary is a timely, irreverent roller-coaster ride through the world of public shaming. Using follow-doc storytelling, social experiments, and the examination of social behavior, this film will feature individuals from around the globe who have been publicly shamed – while exploring the bullies, the bystanders, the media, psychologists, politicians, and experts in between.

Bobbie Sue

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): Charles Stone III.
Writer(s): Dana Fox.
Starring: Gina Rodriguez (Bobbie Sue).
Synopsis: The story of Bobbie Sue (Rodriguez), who after being raised among four rowdy brothers in a blue-collar neighborhood, is a scrappy, headstrong young lawyer who lands a career-making case with an upper-crust law firm, only to realize she’s been hired for optics and not her expertise. But after discovering her powerful client, a lifelong idol of hers, is trying to cover up exploiting workers within her company, Bobbie decides to take both her and the law firm on, caution and etiquette be damned.

Expecting Amy [w/t]

Premiere Date: TBA. (Likely May 2020).
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): TBA.
Starring: Amy Schumer (Herself).
Synopsis: The documentary gives an unfiltered behind-the-scenes look at Amy Schumer’s journey of preparing for a stand-up special while going through a difficult pregnancy. Beginning the day she found out she was pregnant, through the birth of her child, the Emmy winner chronicles the challenges that she experienced week after week. From hospitalizations to going out in front of a crowd of thousands, to quiet moments at home with her family, Schumer shares it all.

Fashionably Black [w/t]

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Christa Gatewood, Robin Thede.
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: Set in the world of haute couture, the comedy explores what happens when you actually put a black woman at the top spot in fashion. The film follows viral sensation Zoe Bankole who, after becoming the industry’s first and only black woman creative director for a French haute couture house, must contend with short deadlines, petty rivals and attempts at whitewashing her style in order to create the collection of her dreams.

Let Them All Talk [w/t]

Premiere Date: TBA. (Likely May 2020).
Director(s): Steven Soderbergh.
Writer(s): Deborah Eisenberg.
Starring: Meryl Streep, Gemma Chan, Candice Bergen, Dianne Wiest, Lucas Hedges.
Synopsis: The story of a celebrated author (Streep) who takes a journey with old friends to have some fun and heal old wounds. Her nephew (Hedges) comes along to wrangle the ladies and finds himself involved with a young literary agent (Chan).

Persona [w/t]

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): TBA.
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: The documentary explores the riveting and unexpected origin story of America’s obsession with personality testing. Embedded in everything from dating sites to job applications, the film reveals the profound ways personality testing has formed and influenced the world around us.

Superintelligence

Premiere Date: May 2020.
Director(s): Ben Falcone
Writer(s): Steve Mallory
Starring: Melissa McCarthy (Carol Peters), James Corden (“Super Intelligence”), Bobby Cannavale (George), Brian Tyree Henry (Dennis), Sam Richardson (Donahue), Karan Soni (Ahmed).
Synopsis: Nothing extraordinary ever happens to Carol Peters, so when she starts getting snarky backtalk from her TV, phone, and microwave, she thinks she’s being punked or losing her mind. In fact, the world’s first superintelligence has selected her for observation, taking over her life…with a bigger, more ominous plan to take over everything. Now Carol is humanity’s last chance before this artificial intelligence-with-an-attitude decides to pull the plug.

The Gentleman’s Guide to Vice and Virtue

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Matthew Barry.
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: The film follows bisexual British Lord, Henry Monty Montague, who embarks on a grand tour of 18th-century Europe with his best friend and secret crush, Percy. But Montague’s final blowout before he is expected to take over the family estate turns into a harrowing manhunt as the roguish aristocrat’s reckless and hedonistic decisions take an ugly turn.

The Scoop [w/t]

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): TBA.
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: The behind-the-scenes documentary follows the exhilarating and exhausting lives of CNN’s fearless female political reporters as they cover the most unpredictable presidential campaign in American history. The film draws from unprecedented access to the campaign press corps and reveals how these powerhouse political reporters deal with the candidates as well as with the challenges of life on the road.

UNpregnant

Premiere Date: May 2020.
Director(s): Rachel Lee Goldenberg.
Writer(s): Ted Caplan, Jenni Hendriks.
Starring: Haley Lu Richardson (Veronica), Barbie Ferreira (Bailey), Sugar Lyn Beard (Kate), Jeryl Prescott (Peg), Kirsten Foe (Officer Herrera).
Synopsis: A coming-of-age story that focuses on a Missouri teen who hits the highway with a friend to obtain a legal abortion.

Untitled Anthony Bourdain Documentary

Premiere Date: TBA.
Director(s): Morgan Neville.
Writer(s): TBA.
Starring: Anthony Bourdain (Himself).
Synopsis: A documentary about the uncommon life of the late storyteller, explorer, and chef Anthony Bourdain.
Note: Focus Features will first release the documentary exclusively in theaters worldwide before the film premieres on television on CNN, and on streaming via HBO Max.

In development:

Anna K (pilot)

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Jenny Lee (creator, 101).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: A modern-day, multicultural retelling of Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina, based on the novel ‘Anna K: A Love Story.’ The series follows a Korean-American “it” girl caught between her picture-perfect, family-approved boyfriend and the guy who might just be her one true love, along with her high-flying cast of friends and family.

Classified

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): David Sidorov (creator, 101).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: A workplace comedy series that tackles just how hard it is to be an intern in the CIA.

Delilah (pilot)

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Kirker Butler (creator, 101), Aisling Bea (earlier script), Sharon Horgan (earlier script).
Starring: Jessica Rothe (Delilah), Michael McKean (Tom Childs Sr.), Casey Wilson (Margaret Childs-Austin), Arturo Castro (Pastor Dale), Nat Faxon (Brian), Nicole Byer (Cassie).
Synopsis: After a life-changing event, Delilah’s (Rothe) first step toward putting her life back together is to introduce herself to a complete stranger (McKean) who might or might not be her real father and his family. The only question is: How much damage can one person do while trying to get their own life back on track? The answer is, quite a bit.

DMZ (pilot)

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): Ava DuVernay (101).
Writer(s): Roberto Patino (creator, showrunner, 101).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: In the near future, the aforementioned civil war leaves Manhattan a demilitarized zone (DMZ), destroyed and isolated from the rest of the world. The series chronicles the harrowing journey of a fierce female medic who saves lives while desperately searching for her lost son. But as she contends with the gangs, militias, demagogues, and warlords that control this lawless no man’s land, she becomes the unlikely source of what everyone here has lost: hope.

Drama Queen

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Michael Ausiello (creator, 101).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: Set in the 1980s and centers on a closeted, TV-obsessed teenager who copes with the harsh realities — and relative mundaneness — of life in small-town New Jersey by escaping to an alternate soap opera universe of his own creation.

Generation (pilot)

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): Daniel Barnz (101).
Writer(s): Daniel Barnz (co-creator, 101), Zelda Barnz (co-creator, 101).
Starring: Martha Plimpton (Megan), Justice Smith (Chester), Michael Johnston (Ollie), Chloe East (Naomi), Uly Schlesinger (Nathan).
Synopsis: A group of high school students whose exploration of modern sexuality (devices and all) tests deeply entrenched beliefs about life, love and the nature of family in their conservative community.

Gumshoe (pilot)

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): Randall Einhorn (101).
Writer(s): Aaron Brownstein (co-creator, co-showrunner, 101), Simon Ganz (co-creator, co-showrunner, 101).
Starring: Sonya Cassidy (Cassie), Miles J. Harvey, (Eamon), Carla Jimenez (Henrietta), Max Casella (Dennis Laramie), Phillipa Soo (Liz Chen).
Synopsis: The series centers on sweet, optimistic young cop Cassie (Cassidy) and creepy, crime-obsessed teenager Eamon (Harvey) who secretly team up to solve a murder.

Point Fear

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): Jon M. Chu [in talks].
Writer(s): TBA.
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: An anthology series that exposes the horrors of being a teenager. Each episode of the show will be inspired by one of the R.L. Stine books in the ‘Point Horror’ series, told for today’s audiences but with a nostalgic nod to the 1990s.

Red Bird Lane (pilot)

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Sara Gran (creator, 101).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: Morality and psychological horror series about eight strangers who arrive at an isolated house—all for different reasons—and quickly realize that something sinister and terrifying awaits them.

The Rules of Magic (pilot)

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Melissa Rosenberg (co-creator, co-showrunner, 101), Dana Baratta (co-creator, co-showrunner, 101).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: In this epic, generational family drama set in 1960s New York City, three troubled siblings — Franny, Jet and Vincent Owens — wrestle with “abnormalities” that have kept them isolated. But the tumultuous times unearth the extraordinary discovery that they are, in fact, descendants of a bloodline of witches. In their aspirational journey towards self-discovery and self-acceptance, they’ll contend with grief, war, bigotry and dark magic, not to mention a centuries-old curse designed to keep them away from love. The two sisters, Franny and Jet, will become the revered, and sometimes feared, aunts in ‘Practical Magic,’ while their beloved brother, Vincent, will leave an unexpected legacy.
Note: A writers room with a 10-script order has already been ordered.

The Shelley Society (pilot)

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Roberto Aguirre-Sacasa (co-creator, showrunner, 101), Tessa Leigh Williams (co-creator, 101), James DeWille (co-creator, 101).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: The gothic horror and teen romance mashup chronicles young author Mary Shelley, who leads a band of Romantic outlaws—among them, her lovers Percy and the Lord Byron—against all manner of supernatural threats and monsters…including Shelley’s own iconic Creature.
Note: An additional script has also been ordered.

Untitled Quinta Brunson Comedy (pilot)

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): TBA.
Writer(s): Quinta Brunson (co-creator, 101), Michelle Nader (co-creator, showrunner, 101).
Starring: Quinta Brunson.
Synopsis: The comedy series follows an ambitious millennial (Brunson) flying up the ladder at a media startup company, who is unexpectedly tasked with running the newly hired, PR crisis–averting diversity team made up of green Internet newbies.

Vegas High (pilot)

Premiere Date: N/A.
Director(s): Gillian Robespierre (101).
Writer(s): Sarah-Raquel Jimenez (creator, 101).
Starring: TBA.
Synopsis: A 90’s set coming-of-age story about a girl caught between two worlds – the fast paced lifestyle of Las Vegas and her strong Mormon faith and community.
This mega-thread is taken from "A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO HBO MAX ORIGINAL CONTENT", an article written by Jacob Tyler for TheGWW.com. I will try to keep this post up-to-date but I recommend bookmarking the actual article because this post will get very dated very fast, whereas the article won't.
Source: https://thegww.com/a-comprehensive-guide-to-hbo-max-original-content/
submitted by Vullein070 to HBOMaxStreaming [link] [comments]


2019.03.21 06:00 pushECX WAKE UP CARDS FANS! ITS GAMEDAY! Men’s Basketball plays Minnesota in the first round of the NCAA Tournament today @ 12:15 PM ET on CBS

Date: March 21, 2019
Time: 12:15 p.m.
Site: Wells Fargo Arena (14,039), Des Moines, Iowa
Television: CBS - Kevin Harlan, play-by-play; Reggie Miller & Dan Bonner, analysts; Dana Jacobson, reporter.
Radio: WHAS (840 AM) Paul Rogers, play-byplay; Bob Valvano, analyst. Also: Westwood One - Kevin Kugler, play-by-play; Robbie Hummel, analyst (Sirus channel 135, XM 201, Internet 971)
Series History: Tied 3-3 (0-1 in Louisville, 0-1 at Minnesota, 3-1 neutral)
Last Meeting: UofL 81, Minnesota 68 (Nov. 14, 2014 at Aguadilla, Puerto Rico; 2014 Armed Forces Classic)
submitted by pushECX to AllHail [link] [comments]


2018.08.08 21:33 Non-equilibrium ShelloilNigeria Saudi summary

https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/wiki/saudiarabian911
"Hello, you might have found yourself here because of your interest in the involvement of Saudi Arabia with September 11th 2001.
If the coming days and weeks I will provide you with information which documents various connections between Saudi Arabia, Saudi Intelligence, Saudi Officials, and other Saudi nationals.
Please keep in mind that this is a "work in progress" and the content will move around as I attempt to determine the right flow to make digesting this as easy as possible.
Thank you.
There are many relationships between Saudi Arabia and 9/11 that portray Saudi Arabia as being the main sponsor of the terror attacks that day. The most well known come from two leads the public has come to know and somewhat understand as time has progressed.
1) 15 of the 19 hijackers were Saudi nationals.
2) The 28 redacted pages of the Joint Inquiry into Intelligence Community Activities Before and After the Terrorist Attacks of September 11, 2001. This report implicates Saudi Arabia based on testimony from people who have helped write the report and those who have read the redacted pages (Senators/Congressmen/etc).
I won't bore you with the 15 of the 19 hijackers (http://www.foxnews.com/story/2002/02/06/saudi-official-admits-15-1-sept-11-hijackers-saudi.html). Although, it should be noted that many of the hijackers were able to obtain their visas from the U.S. consulate in Jedda, Saudi Arabia.
The 28 redacted pages are a little more interesting.
We will break down some of the information from the 28 pages. I will also be including other Saudi Arabian people of interest whom you might not have read about unless you have really attempted to keep up with the story.
Some of these individuals come from the Wikileaks Guantánamo Files - https://wikileaks.org/gitmo/name.html
So let's begin............
As further detailed below, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia provided material support to al-Qaeda for more than a decade leading up to the September 11th attacks, with knowledge of al-Qaeda’s intent to conduct terrorist attacks against the United States, and an awareness that al-Qaeda would use the support provided by the Kingdom to achieve that objective.
As further detailed below, the support provided by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia enabled al-Qaeda to obtain the global strike capabilities necessary to carry out the September 11th attacks, and was essential to the success of those attacks. Indeed, the material support provided to al-Qaeda by employees, agents, and alter-egos of the Saudi government, all of which is attributable to the Kingdom itself, included direct assistance to the September 11th plotters and hijackers and massive funding and logistical support that enabled Osama bin Laden to build and sustain the al Qaeda organization.
the material support provided by the Kingdom to al-Qaeda encompasses the tortious acts of: (1) individual Saudi government employees, officials, and agents, who knowingly provided direct aid and support to the September 11th hijackers and plotters and al-Qaeda organization, from within the United States and elsewhere, while acting within the scope of their employment, office, or agency; (2) proselytizing organizations (including the SHC) established, funded, directed, and supervised by the Saudi government to propagate Wahhabi Islamist ideology throughout the world, as a core function and duty of the Saudi state, which knowingly, directly, and extensively supported al-Qaeda’s targeting of the United States by funding and collaborating intimately with al Qaeda, including through offices located in the United States; (3) additional components of the Kingdom’s vast Wahhabi proselytizing apparatus in support of al Qaeda; and (4) the September 11th hijackers themselves, pursuant to theories of secondary liability (aiding and abetting and conspiracy). (SHC mentioned above, stands for the Saudi High Commission for Relief of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
The above was taken from the most recent court documents here - https://28pagesdotorg.files.wordpress.com/2017/04/20170317-dkt-0741-amd-clt-agnst-ksa1.pdf
In following along with the SHC, (Saudi High Commission for Bosina and Herzegovina) Saudi Arabia’s new king ( as of Jan. 2015), King Salman - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salman_of_Saudi_Arabia
“actively directed” a Saudi charity whose funding was “especially important to al Qaeda acquiring the strike capabilities used to launch attacks in the U.S.,” say court papers filed this week by lawyers representing 9/11 victims and their families.
The Saudi High Commission for Relief of Bosnia and Herzegovina (SHC), which Salman led from its founding in 1993 until it closed in 2011, helped fund “the very al Qaeda camps where the 9/11 hijackers received their training for the attacks, and the safe haven and facilities in Afghanistan where senior officials of al Qaeda, including Osama bin Laden and Khalid Sheik Mohammed, planned and coordinated the attacks,” the court papers say. http://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/national/article9455504.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saudi_High_Commission_for_Aid_to_Bosnia
was a charity organization founded in 1993 by Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz
Among the items found at Sarajevo premises the Saudi High Commission when it was raided by NATO forces in September 2001[1] were before-and-after photographs of the World Trade Center, US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, and the USS Cole; maps of government buildings in Washington; materials for forging US State Department badges; files on the use of crop duster aircraft; and anti-Semitic and anti-American material geared toward children. Among six Algerians who would later be incarcerated at the Camp X-Ray detention center at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba for plotting an attack on the US embassy in Sarajevo were two employees of the Commission, including a cell member who was in telephone contact with Osama bin Laden aid and al Qaeda operational commander Abu Zubayda. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2002/feb/23/davidpallister
http://www.historycommons.org/entity.jsp?entity=khalil_ziyad_1
By 1996, NSA wiretaps reveal that Prince Salman is funding Islamic militants using charity fronts
A 1996 CIA report mentions, “We continue to have evidence that even high ranking members of the collecting or monitoring agencies in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Pakistan - such as the Saudi High Commission - are involved in illicit activities, including support for terrorists” That is some of the background into one of the most prominent people and charities which show Saudi involvement in September 11th 2001. Let's continue down the path of Saudi involvement by taking a look at the famous 28 redacted pages.
One file released by Wikileaks from Guantanamo Bay includes the text:
Prince Salman Bin Abdulaziz paid for seventy percent of detainee’s travel expenses to Afghanistan. Who is this detainee? Glad you asked.
Executive Summary: Detainee is an admitted member of al-Qaida, a close associate to Usama Bin Laden (UBL) and has expressed his intentions to harm US citizens. Detainee admitted he swore bayat (oath of allegiance) to UBL, was a bodyguard for UBL and served as UBL’s personal secretary. Detainee has repeatedly stated he is a terrorist, a member of al-Qaida with leadership responsibilities, and an enemy of the US, and has acknowledged multiple ties to the 11 September 2001 attacks. https://wikileaks.org/gitmo/prisone39.html
Looks like the current Saudi King can being tied to financing terrorist activities!
Now that I have your attention, you can obviously see that high-level Saudi government officials are involved, let's learn a little more about the 28 pages.
Who wrote the 28 pages and where are they found, exactly?
The 28 pages are an entire section within the official report of the Joint Inquiry into Intelligence Community Activities Before and After the Terrorist Attacks of September 11, 2001 (not the 9/11 Commission Report). Conducted by the House and Senate intelligence committees, its 838-page report was published in December 2002. The redacted section, titled “Part 4: Finding, Discussion and Narrative Regarding Certain Sensitive National Security Matters,” begins on page 395 of the report. Q: What do the 28 pages cover?
According to the introduction to the chapter—which is itself an unclassified version of the actual introduction—the 28 pages cover the joint congressional inquiry’s development of information “suggesting specific sources of foreign support for some of the September 11 hijackers while they were in the United States.” Q: What countries are implicated in the report?
According to former Sen. Bob Graham, “The 28 pages primarily relate to who financed 9/11 and they point a very strong finger at Saudi Arabia as being the principal financier.” Bob Graham is one of the people who I mentioned above that has read the redacted pages and in addition to reading them, he actually helped write the pages in question. He has been one of the most vocal supporters of declassifying the documents from those who have read them.
Here he speaks about writing the report - https://youtu.be/4Dr7d_s7LLE?t=54
He also sat down for an interview with 60 Minutes a month or so ago and elaborated further :
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/60-minutes-911-classified-report-steve-kroft/
Steve Kroft: You believe that support came from Saudi Arabia?
Bob Graham: Substantially.
Steve Kroft: And when we say, "The Saudis," you mean the government, the--
Bob Graham: I mean--
Steve Kroft: --rich people in the country? Charities--
Bob Graham: All of the above. 9/11 Commission member and former senator Bob Kerrey, who, in a statement provided for the 9/11 civil suit against Saudi Arabia, said,
“Evidence relating to the plausible involvement of possible Saudi government agents in the September 11th attacks has never been fully pursued.” On Wednesday, defense attorney Perry said the leads described in the 28 pages
“were either not followed up or were purposefully dead-ended because it didn’t fit the (government’s) narrative.” That notion is consistent with the observations of Lawrence Wilkerson, chief of staff to Secretary of State Colin Powell in the Bush White House. In an August 2016 interview with 28Pages.org, he said,
“They wanted to go to war with Iraq. Anything that supported al Qaeda connections with Baghdad, therefore, was good. Saudi Arabia just confused things, so keep that out of (public discussion).” In language echoing content at 28Pages.org, the written defense motion notes that the July 2016 release of the redacted 28 pages “confirmed that at the very same time the U.S. government was manufacturing bogus links between Iraq and 9/11, it was suppressing 28 pages of bona fide investigative leads pointing to (Saudi Arabia).”
The motion also cites an April 28, 2016 article published by 28Pages.org that refutes the widely embraced but deeply flawed notion that the 9/11 Commission thoroughly pursued links to Saudi Arabia.
https://28pages.org/2017/05/19/911-defense-lawyers-push-for-access-to-unredacted-28-pages/
So with the above in mind, I would like to continue down the road. Most recently :
Drafted by Dana Lesemann and Michael Jacobson as a set of work plans for their specific parts of the 9/11 Commission investigation, the 47-page document also provides an overview of individuals of most interest to investigators pursuing a Saudi connection to the 2001 attack that killed nearly 3,000 people.
Included in that overview is a previously unpublicized declaration that, after the capture of alleged al-Qaeda operative Ghassan al-Sharbi in Pakistan, the FBI discovered a cache of documents he had buried nearby. Among them: al-Sharbi’s U.S. pilot certificate inside an envelope of the Saudi embassy in Washington, D.C.
Declassified in July 2015 under the authority of the Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP) pursuant to a Mandatory Declassification Review (MDR) appeal, the document is the seventeenth of 29 released under ISCAP appeal 2012-48, which focuses on FBI files related to 9/11. One of two documents in the series identified as “Saudi Notes,” we’ll refer to it as “Document 17.”
Dated June 6, 2003, Document 17 was written by Lesemann and Jacobson in their capacity as staff investigators for the 9/11 Commission, and was addressed to 9/11 Commission Executive Director Philip Zelikow, Deputy Executive Director Chris Kojm and General Counsel Dan Marcus. https://28pages.org/2016/04/19/exclusive-a-buried-envelope-buried-questions-your-first-look-inside-declassified-document-17/
The above declassified document, "Document 17" as it is now being called, contains notes from the FBI's investigation into Saudis after 9/11.
Here is a link to the FBI documents contained in "Document 17"
(PDF warning - https://28pagesdotorg.files.wordpress.com/2016/04/document-17.pdf)
From Document 17 the title : A Brief Overview of Possible Saudi Government Connections to the September 11th attacks should be interesting.
The FBI document goes on to list several individuals of interest, some of which I will elaborate on below:
a. Salah Bedaiwi
b. Fahad Al-Thumairy
c. Abdullah Bin Ladin
d. Sami Al-Hussayen
e. Saleh Al-Hussayen
f. Ghassan Al-Sharbi
g. OsamaNooh
h. Lafi Al-Harbi
i. Omar Al-Bayoumi
j. Osama Bassnan
k. Mohdhar Abdullah
l. Mohammed Al.,.Qudhaeein
m. Hamdan Al-Shalawi
n. Omar Saleh Badahdah
o. Munir Al-Motassadeq
p. Mohammed Fakihi
q. Ali and Maha Hafeez Al-Marri
r. Said Bakala
s. Fahad Alotaibi
t. Hamad Alotaibi
u. Homaidan Al-Turki Before we get into some of the names mentioned above, it should be noted that the FBI originally claimed that they weren't investigating the Saudis...... but the FBI's story has since changed due to the Freedom of Information Act requests and declassified documents.
Thomas Julin, Christensen’s lawyer, told The Daily Beast that initially the FBI claimed it had no records. But when Julin told officials that Graham was willing to testify that he’d actually seen some, the Justice Department admitted to having found 35 pages of material, which it released.
It’s those pages, many of which bear heavy redactions, that show the FBI agents’ initial suspicions, the fact that an FBI case was open, and that investigators had found “many connections” between the family and the hijackers. There are also letters and memos from FBI officials dismissing the 9/11 connection as unfounded. It is now said that the FBI has over 80,000 documents related to the Saudi investigation - http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2016/05/12/the-fbi-is-keeping-80-000-secret-files-on-the-saudis-and-9-11.html
One FBI investigation, that they claimed never happened, then admitted that it did, is the story of an investigation into a Saudi family who lived in Sarasota, FL.
The FBI has been accused of covered up alleged 'Saudi Arabian links' to the 9/11 attacks.
US newspaper the New York Post reports that the crime agency investigated claims that a prominent Saudi Arabian family had abruptly left the country weeks before 9/11.
Details of the investigation were kept from the Congressional committee that looked at the attacks, the newspaper says.
The abandoned home is said to have belonged to Esam Ghazzawi, an adviser to the nephew of the then Saudi King Fahd. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/fbi-accused-of-covering-up-saudi-arabian-links-to-911-10171987.html
The Sarasota, FL story can be easily summarized by reading the original here - http://www.floridabulldog.org/2011/09/fbi-found-direct-ties-between-911-hijackers-and-saudis-living-in-florida-congress-kept-in-dark/
Here are a few key takeaways :
In the weeks to follow, law enforcement agents not only discovered the home was visited by vehicles used by the hijackers, but phone calls were linked between the home and those who carried out the death flights — including leader Mohamed Atta — in discoveries never before revealed to the public.
The counterterrorism officer, who requested his name not be disclosed, said agents went on to make troubling discoveries: Phone records and the Prestancia gate records linked the house on Escondito Circle to the hijackers.
In addition, three of the four future hijackers had lived in Venice — just 10 miles from the house — for much of the year before 9/11.
Atta, the leader, and his companion Marwan al-Shehhi, had been learning to fly small airplanes at Huffman Aviation, a flight school on the edge of the runway at Venice Municipal Airport.
A block away, at Florida Flight Training, accomplice Ziad Jarrah was also taking flying lessons. All three obtained their pilot licenses and afterwards, in the months that led to 9/11, spent much of their time traveling the state, including stints in Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale and Delray Beach, among other areas.
The counterterrorism agent said records of incoming and outgoing calls made at the Escondito house were obtained from the phone company under subpoena.
Agents were able to conduct a link analysis, a system of tracking calls based on dates, times and length of conversations — finding the Escondito calls dating back more than a year, “lined up with the known suspects.”
The links were not only to Atta and his hijack pilots, the agent said, but to 11 other terrorist suspects, including Walid al-Shehhri, one of the men who flew with Atta on the first plane to strike the World Trade Center.
But it was the gate records at the Prestancia development that produced the most telltale information.
People who arrived by car had to give their names and the home’s address they were visiting. Gate staff would sometimes ask to see a driver’s license and note the name, said Berberich.
More importantly, he added, the license plates of cars pulling through the gate were photographed.
Atta is known to have used variations of his name, but the license plate of the car he owned was on record.
The vehicle and name information on Atta and Jarrah fit that of drivers entering Prestancia on their way to visit the home at 4224 Escondito Circle, said Berberich and the counterterrorism officer. So here we have the lead hijacker Mohammed Atta visiting the Saudi family in Sarasota, FL and being recorded while living in the area with other hijackers and taking flight school lessons prior to 9/11.
We can circle back around to Sarasota later, but first, let's learn a little more about some of the other Saudi's from Document 17 list above and travel across the country to San Diego, CA.
One of the Saudis listed from the FBI's Document 17 declassification is
Fahad Al-Thumairy
Here is a write up about Fahad from 2003 :
http://articles.latimes.com/2003/may/10/local/me-deport10
A Saudi consular official and Muslim prayer leader based in Los Angeles was denied entry to the United States this week and expelled from the country because of suspected terrorist links, according to law enforcement officials and documents.
Fahad al Thumairy, 31, part of the Saudi Consulate here since 1996, was detained at Los Angeles International Airport on Tuesday after arriving on a Lufthansa flight from Frankfurt. He carried a Saudi passport and an A-2 visa normally issued to diplomats or government dignitaries.
U.S. authorities, acting on undisclosed intelligence information, revoked the visa in March -- a fact apparently unknown to al Thumairy.
After two days in custody, al Thumairy was expelled from the country Thursday and put aboard a Frankfurt-bound flight with connections to Saudi Arabia, officials said. The terms of his expulsion ban him from returning to the United States for five years. So Fahad get's expelled for "suspected terrorist links" after 9/11. He also happens to be part of the Saudi Consulate.
Let's look a little further into Fahad....
After 9/11, the FBI will examine phone records and determine that hijacker associate Omar al-Bayoumi calls Saudi official Fahad al Thumairy many times between December 1998 and December 2000. Al-Bayoumi calls al Thumairy’s home number at least ten times, and al Thumairy calls al-Bayoumi much more often—at least 11 times in the month of December 2000 alone. At the time, al Thumairy is working at the Saudi consulate in Los Angeles, and is a well-known Islamic radical. For part of 2000 at least, al-Bayoumi is living at the Parkwood Apartments in San Diego at the same time as hijackers Nawaf Alhazmi and Khalid Almihdhar. Al Thumairy will later deny knowing al-Bayoumi, but al-Bayoumi will admit knowing al Thumairy. [9/11 COMMISSION, 7/24/2004, PP. 514; SHENON, 2008, PP. 310-311]
Fahad al Thumairy, a Saudi diplomat the 9/11 Commission thinks is tied to an associate of two 9/11 hijackers named Omar al-Bayoumi, is interviewed by the Commission and lies about these connections. The Commission’s staff thinks that al Thumairy was, in author Philip Shenon’s words, “a middleman of some sort for [9/11 hijackers] Nawaf Alhazmi and Khalid Almihdhar,” and they have compiled a long dossier on him, mostly based on evidence that staffer Mike Jacobson found in FBI files. According to Shenon, the evidence suggests al Thumairy “had orchestrated help for the hijackers through a network of Saudi and other Arab expatriates living throughout Southern California and led by… al-Bayoumi.” When al Thumairy is interviewed by Raj De and other Commission investigators in Riyadh—in the presence of Saudi government minders—he initially claims, “I do not know this man al-Bayoumi.” However, the investigators have witnesses who say al Thumairy and al-Bayoumi know each other, have records of phone calls between the two men (see December 1998-December 2000 and January-May 2000), and al-Bayoumi has admitted knowing al Thumairy, although they allegedly spoke “solely on religious matters.” De cuts off al Thumairy’s denial, telling him: “Your phone records tell a different story. We have your phone records.” Although al-Bayoumi still professes ignorance, De explains they have the phone records from the FBI, at which point al Thumairy realizes his difficulty and says, “I have contact with a lot of people.” [SHENON, 2008, PP. 309-311] The two paragraphs above come from History Commons which has the most comprehensive timeline on 9/11 available for research. http://www.historycommons.org/project.jsp?project=911_project
Omar Al-Bayoumi is mentioned both above in Document 17 and in relation to Fahad al Thumairy who is the Saudi Consulate employee in San Diego, CA.
Omar Al-Bayoumi is an interesting character because he can be traced to the government of Saudi Arabia as a Saudi Intelligence asset.
Omar al-Bayoumi (Arabic: عمر البيومي‎‎) is a Saudi national who allegedly befriended two of the 9/11 hijackers in the United States.[1]
Saudi Arabia firmly maintains that al-Bayoumi is not an agent of theirs. Bayoumi was listed before 9/11 in FBI files as being a Saudi agent.[2] Per previously-classified memoranda released by the National Archives in May 2016, as of June 6, 2003 "the FBI "believes it is possible that he was an agent of the Saudi Government and that he may have been reporting on the local community to the Saudi Government officials. In addition, during its investigation, the FBI discovered that al-Bayoumi has ties to terrorist elements as well."[3]
According to several sources [4] [5] (Newsweek 11/22/03, 11/24/03) ,[6] al-Bayoumi was strongly suspected by many residents of being a Saudi government spy. The man the FBI considered their "best source" in San Diego said that al-Bayoumi "must be an intelligence officer for Saudi Arabia or another foreign power," according to Newsweek Magazine.
During this time, al-Bayoumi was in the United States as part of a work-study program.[7] The Saudi General Authority of Civil Aviation paid al-Bayoumi's salary through a government contractor.[8] When the contractor proposed terminating its relationship with al-Bayoumi in 1999, a Saudi government official replied with a letter marked "extremely urgent" that the government wanted al-Bayoumi's contract renewed "as quickly as possible." [9] As a result, Al-Bayoumi's employment with the project continued.
Some time in late 1999 or early 2000, Omar al-Bayoumi began receiving another monthly payment–this one from Princess Haifa bint Faisal, the wife of Bandar bin Sultan, the Saudi ambassador to the U.S. Checks for between $2,000 and $3,000 were sent monthly from the princess, through two or three intermediaries, to al-Bayoumi.[10] The payments continued for several years, totaling between $50,000 and $75,000. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omar_al-Bayoumi
Another Saudi who ties into Omar al-Bayoumi is Hamid Al-Rashid.
Hamid Al-Rashid is an employee of the Saudi Civil Aviation Authority and was apparently responsible for approving the salary of Omar al-Bayoumi. Hamid al-Rashid is also the father of Saud al-Rashid, whose photo was found in a raid of an al-Qa’ida safehouse in Karachi and who has admitted to being in Afghanistan between May 2000 and May 2001.
A CD-ROM containing a picture of a young Saudi man named Saud al-Rashid is seized in an al-Qaeda safe house in Karachi, Pakistan. The CD also contains the pictures of three 9/11 hijackers, Nawaf Alhazmi, Khalid Almihdhar, and Abdulaziz Alomari, placed in the same folder with the picture of al-Rashid. The pictures are all passport photos or pages of entry and exit stamps from the same passports. All the computer files of the pictures were saved in May 2001. A senior US official says that investigators “were able to take this piece of information and it showed clear signals or lines that [al-Rashid] was connected to 9/11.” Media reports in 2002 say that the raid takes place on August 15, but an FBI report made public years later will show the raid took place on May 16 but the importance of the CD-ROM’s contents was not discovered until August 15. [ASSOCIATED PRESS, 8/21/2002; 9/11 COMMISSION, 7/24/2004, PP. 526; FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION, 2010]
Al-Rashid Escapes Dragnet - On August 21, six days after the files on the CD-ROM are discovered, the US will issue a worldwide dragnet to find al-Rashid. [ASSOCIATED PRESS, 8/21/2002] But they are unable to catch him because a few days later, he flees from Egypt to Saudi Arabia and turns himself in to the Saudi authorities. The Saudis apparently will not try him for any crime or allow the FBI to interview him. [CNN, 8/26/2002; CNN, 8/31/2002]
Al-Rashid's Background - Al-Rashid was in Afghanistan in 2000 and 2001, where he met 9/11 hijacker Ahmed Alhaznawi “once or twice” in a guest house. [NEW YORK TIMES, 7/29/2003; 9/11 COMMISSION, 7/24/2004, PP. 526] Although detainees identify him as a candidate 9/11 hijacker, he claims not to have met Osama bin Laden or Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (KSM), or even to have heard of al-Qaeda. Under interrogation, KSM will say al-Rashid was headstrong and immature and dropped out of the plot after returning to Saudi Arabia for a visa, either due to second thoughts or the influence of his family. However, doubts will be raised about the reliability of KSM’s statements under interrogation (see August 6, 2007). [9/11 COMMISSION, 7/24/2004, PP. 526] Intriguingly, al-Rashid’s father is Hamid al-Rashid, a Saudi government official who paid a salary to Omar al-Bayoumi, an associate of both Almihdhar and Alhazmi who is later suspected of being a Saudi agent. [NEW YORK TIMES, 7/29/2003] http://www.historycommons.org/context.jsp?item=a081502alrashid#a081502alrashid
Continuing to work down through some of the names from the Document 17 list are:
Hamdan al Shalawi and Mohammed al-Qudhaeein these two are interesting because of the possibility that they may have tried a "dry-run" in 1999 to test cockpit security on commercial airliners.
Al-Qudhaeein and Al-Shalawi were both Saudi students living in the Phoenix area. Qudhaeein was receiving funding from the Saudi Government during his time in Phoenix. Qudhaeein and Al-Shalawi were involved in a 1999 incident aboard an America West flight that the FBI’s Phoenix Office now believes may have been a “dry run” for the September 11th attacks. Al-Qudhaeein and Al-Shalawi were traveling to Washington, D.C. to attend a party at the Saudi Embassy; the Saudi Embassy paid for their airfare. According to FBI documents, during the flight they engaged in suspicious behavior, including several attempts to gain access to the cockpit. The plane made an emergency landing in Ohio, but no charges were filed against either individual. The FBI subsequently received information in November 2000 that Al-Shalawi had been trained at the terrorist camps in Afghanistan to conduct Khobar Towertype attacks and the FBI has also developed information tying Al-Qudhaeein to terrorist elements as well.
They are detained for trying twice to get into the cockpit on a passenger airplane flying from Phoenix, Arizona, to Washington, D.C. They claim they thought the cockpit was the bathroom, and sue the FBI for racism. After 9/11, the FBI will consider the possibility that this was a “dry run” for the 9/11 attacks, but apparently does not come to a definite conclusion. In late 1999, it is discovered that the two were traveling to Washington to attend a party at the Saudi embassy and their ticket had been paid by the Saudi government. Apparently influenced by their government ties, the FBI decides not to prosecute or investigate the men. Al-Qudhaeein leaves the US. In 2000, intelligence information will be received indicating al-Qudhaeein had received explosives and car bomb training in Afghanistan. As a result, his name is added to a no-fly watch list. In April 2000, FBI agent Ken Williams is investigating Zacaria Soubra, a suspected radical militant attending a flight school in Phoenix, and discovers that the car Soubra is driving is actually owned by al-Qudhaeein. Soubra is friends with al Shalawi and al-Qudhaeein. This and other evidence will influence Williams to write his later-famous July 2001 memo warning about potential terrorists training in Arizona flight schools (see July 10, 2001). In August 2001, al-Qudhaeein applies for a visa to reenter the US, but is denied entry. http://www.historycommons.org/entity.jsp?entity=mohammed_al-qudhaeein
Two other interesting Saudi's are:
Ali Hafiz Al-Marri and Maha Al-Marri: Ali Al-Marri was indicted for lying to the FBI about his contact with Mustafa Al-Hasawi, one of the September 11th financiers. Ali Al-Marri, who arrived in the United States shortly before the September 11th attacks, attempted to call Al-Hasawi a number of times from the United States. The FBI has recently received reporting that he may also have been an al:.Qa’ida “sleeper agent.” According to FBI documents, Ali Al-Marri has connections to the Saudi Royal Family. The Saudi Government provided financial support to his wife, Maha Al-Marri, after Ali Al-Marri was detained and assisted her in departing the United States before the FBI could interview her.
Above is an important paragraph because Mustafa Al-Hasawi is mentioned.
Who is Al-Hasawi? He's a senior al-Qaida member who supported al-Qaida's terrorist network as a facilitator, financial manager, and media committee member.This support included the movement and funding of 9/11 hijackers to the US to participate in a terrorist attack orchestrated by Khalid Shaykh Mohammed and Osama bin Laden. Al-Hasawi was captured in Pakistan in March of 2003 and then found himself at Guantánamo Bay.
Wikileaks was able to obtain classified files on the detainees at Guantanamo in 2011. Below is Al-Hasawi's file:
https://wikileaks.org/gitmo/prisone10011.html
A senior al-Qaida operative remarked that detainee took his instructions directly from KSM. The senior al-Qaida operative claimed that Ramzi Bin al-Shibh informed him that detainee facilitated air, hotel, and rental car reservations for fifteen of the nineteen 9/11 operatives.'' However, the detainee claimed he supported only the movement of four of the 9/11 hijackers in the US at the direction of KSM. (S/A{F) An investigation determined that detainee provided financial support to the individuals involved in the terrorist acts committed on. (S/A{F) Abu Rahmah, ISN US9PK-001461DP (PK-1461), reported that he saw the detainee in the company of several "9].ll hijackers" aka (the youth) at the Eid Gah compound in Kandahar.3' (S/A{F) Ammar al-Baluchi, ISN US9PK-010018DP (PK-l0018), reported that detainee arrived in Dubai, UAE, in April 2001, to help Ammar with the facilitation of the transiting hijackers." Detainee corroborated this statement when he remarked that Ammar was already there when he arrived in 2001. after his training, detainee relocated to Kandahar, AF, in the spring of 2000 and eventually began working for al-Qaida's media committee.o In approximately April 2001, detainee departed Kandahar and traveled to Shaq'ah, United Arab Emirates (UAE), via Quetta and _Karachi, PK. Shortly before his departure, Abu Hamza al-Qatari gave him $30,000 USD.'Once detainee arrived in the UAE he rented an apartment.8 In July or August 2001 detainee supported the movement of four of the 9/11 hijackers to the US at the direction of KSM Referred to above, KSM (Khalid_Sheikh_Mohammed) was actually interviewed by a reporter for the Guardian in 2003 where he claims responsibility for the September 11th attack.
Summoning every thread of experience and courage, I looked Khalid in the eye and asked: "Did you do it?" The reference to September 11 was implicit. Khalid responded with little fanfare: "I am the head of the al-Qaida military committee," he began, "and Ramzi is the coordinator of the Holy Tuesday operation. And yes, we did it."
He went on: "About two and a half years before the holy raids on Washington and New York, the military committee held a meeting during which we decided to start planning for a martyrdom operation inside America. As we were discussing targets, we first thought of striking at a couple of nuclear facilities but decided against it for fear it would go out of control." https://www.theguardian.com/world/2003/ma04/alqaida.terrorism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khalid_Sheikh_Mohammed#Plan_for_September_11.2C_2001_attacks
submitted by Non-equilibrium to 911OfficialStory [link] [comments]


2018.07.17 01:46 Chtorrr cat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search This article is about the cat species that is commonly kept as a pet. For the cat family, see Felidae. For other uses, see Cat (disambiguation) and Cats (disambiguation). For technical reasons, "Cat #1" redirects here. For the album, see Cat 1 (album). Domestic cat[1] Cat poster 1.jpg Various types of domestic cat Conservation status Domesticated Scientific classification e Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Suborder: Feliformia Family: Felidae Subfamily: Felinae Genus: Felis Species: F. silvestris Subspecies: F. s. catus Trinomial name Felis silvestris catus Linnaeus, 1758[2] Synonyms Felis catus (original combination)[3] Felis catus domestica (invalid junior synonym)[4]
The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus)[1][5] is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal. They are often called house cats[6] when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines. They are often valued by humans for companionship and for their ability to hunt vermin. There are more than seventy cat breeds recognized by various cat registries.
Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with a strong flexible body, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche. Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals. They can see in near darkness. Like most other mammals, cats have poorer color vision and a better sense of smell than humans. Cats, despite being solitary hunters, are a social species, and cat communication includes the use of a variety of vocalizations (mewing, purring, trilling, hissing, growling and grunting) as well as cat pheromones and types of cat-specific body language.[7]
Cats have a high breeding rate.[8] Under controlled breeding, they can be bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy. Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, as well as the abandonment of former household pets, has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, requiring population control.[9] In certain areas outside cats' native range, this has contributed, along with habitat destruction and other factors, to the extinction of many bird species. Cats have been known to extirpate a bird species within specific regions and may have contributed to the extinction of isolated island populations.[10] Cats are thought to be primarily responsible for the extinction of 87 species of birds,[11] and the presence of feral and free-ranging cats makes some otherwise suitable locations unsuitable for attempted species reintroduction.[12]
Because cats were venerated in ancient Egypt, they were commonly believed to have been domesticated there,[13] but there may have been instances of domestication as early as the Neolithic from around 9,500 years ago (7500 BC).[14] A genetic study in 2007[15] concluded that all domestic cats are descended from Near Eastern wildcats, having diverged around 8000 BC in the Middle East.[13][16] A 2016 study found that leopard cats were undergoing domestication independently in China around 5500 BC, though this line of partially domesticated cats leaves no trace in the domesticated populations of today.[17][18] A 2017 study confirmed that domestic cats are descendants of those first domesticated by farmers in the Near East around 9,000 years ago.[19][20]
As of a 2007 study, cats are the second-most popular pet in the U.S. by number of pets owned, behind freshwater fish.[21] In a 2010 study, they were ranked the third-most popular pet in the UK, after fish and dogs, with around 8 million being owned.[22]
Contents 1 Taxonomy and evolution 2 Nomenclature and etymology 3 Biology 3.1 Anatomy 3.2 Physiology 3.2.1 Nutrition 3.3 Senses 3.4 Health 3.4.1 Diseases 3.5 Genetics 4 Behavior 4.1 Sociability 4.2 Communication 4.3 Grooming 4.4 Fighting 4.5 Hunting and feeding 4.6 Running 4.7 Play 4.8 Reproduction 5 Ecology 5.1 Habitats 5.2 Feral cats 5.3 Impact on prey species 5.4 Impact on birds 6 Interaction with humans 6.1 Cat show 6.2 Cat café 6.3 Ailurophobia 6.4 Cat bites 6.5 Infections transmitted from cats to humans 6.6 History and mythology 6.6.1 Superstitions and cat burning 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links Taxonomy and evolution Main article: Cat evolution The domestic cat is a member of the cat family, the felids, which are a rapidly evolving family of mammals that share a common ancestor only 10–15 million years ago[23] and include lions, tigers, cougars and many others. Within this family, domestic cats (Felis catus) are part of the genus Felis, which is a group of small cats containing about seven species (depending upon classification scheme).[1][24] Members of the genus are found worldwide and include the jungle cat (Felis chaus) of southeast Asia, European wildcat (F. silvestris silvestris), African wildcat (F. s. lybica), the Chinese mountain cat (F. bieti), and the Arabian sand cat (F. margarita), among others.[25]
The domestic cat is believed to have evolved from the Near Eastern wildcat, whose range covers vast portions of the Middle East westward to the Atlantic coast of Africa.[26][27] Between 70,000 and 100,000 years ago the animal gave rise to the genetic lineage that eventually produced all domesticated cats,[28] having diverged from the Near Eastern wildcat around 8,000 BC in the Middle East.[13][16]
The domestic cat was first classified as Felis catus by Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae published in 1758.[1][2] Because of modern phylogenetics, domestic cats are usually regarded as another subspecies of the wildcat, F. silvestris.[1][29][30] This has resulted in mixed usage of the terms, as the domestic cat can be called by its subspecies name, Felis silvestris catus.[1][29][30] Wildcats have also been referred to as various subspecies of F. catus,[30] but in 2003, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature fixed the name for wildcats as F. silvestris.[31] The most common name in use for the domestic cat remains F. catus. Sometimes, the domestic cat has been called Felis domesticus[32] as proposed by German naturalist J. C. P. Erxleben in 1777,[33] but these are not valid taxonomic names and have been used only rarely in scientific literature.[34] A population of Transcaucasian black feral cats was once classified as Felis daemon (Satunin 1904) but now this population is considered to be a part of the domestic cat.[35]
All the cats in this genus share a common ancestor that is believed to have lived around 6–7 million years ago in the Near East (the Middle East).[36] The exact relationships within the Felidae are close but still uncertain,[37][38] e.g. the Chinese mountain cat is sometimes classified (under the name Felis silvestris bieti) as a subspecies of the wildcat, like the North African variety F. s. lybica.[29][37]
Ancient Egyptian sculpture of the cat goddess Bastet. The earliest evidence of felines as Egyptian deities comes from c. 3100 BC. In comparison to dogs, cats have not undergone major changes during the domestication process, as the form and behavior of the domestic cat is not radically different from those of wildcats and domestic cats are perfectly capable of surviving in the wild.[39][40] Fully domesticated house cats often interbreed with feral F. catus populations,[41] producing hybrids such as the Kellas cat. This limited evolution during domestication means that hybridisation can occur with many other felids, notably the Asian leopard cat.[42] Several natural behaviors and characteristics of wildcats may have predisposed them for domestication as pets.[40] These traits include their small size, social nature, obvious body language, love of play and relatively high intelligence.[43]:12–17 Several small felid species may have an inborn tendency towards tameness.[40]
Cats have either a mutualistic or commensal relationship with humans. Two main theories are given about how cats were domesticated. In one, people deliberately tamed cats in a process of artificial selection as they were useful predators of vermin.[44] This has been criticized as implausible, because the reward for such an effort may have been too little; cats generally do not carry out commands and although they do eat rodents, other species such as ferrets or terriers may be better at controlling these pests.[29] The alternative idea is that cats were simply tolerated by people and gradually diverged from their wild relatives through natural selection, as they adapted to hunting the vermin found around humans in towns and villages.[29]
Nomenclature and etymology The origin of the English word cat (Old English catt) and its counterparts in other Germanic languages (such as German Katze), descended from Proto-Germanic *kattōn-, is controversial. It has traditionally thought to be a borrowing from Late Latin cattus, 'domestic cat', from catta (used around 75 AD by Martial),[45][46] compare also Byzantine Greek κάττα, Portuguese and Spanish gato, French chat, Maltese qattus, Lithuanian katė, and Old Church Slavonic kotъ (kotka), among others.[47] The Late Latin word is generally thought to originate from an Afro-Asiatic language, but every proposed source word has presented problems. Many references refer to "Berber" (Kabyle) kaddîska, 'wildcat', and Nubian kadīs as possible sources or cognates, but M. Lionel Bender suggesets the Nubian term is a loan from Arabic قِطَّة qiṭṭa.[48] Jean-Paul Savignac suggests the Latin word is from an Ancient Egyptian precursor of Coptic ϣⲁⲩ šau, 'tomcat', or its feminine form suffixed with -t,[49] but John Huehnergard says "the source [...] was clearly not Egyptian itself, where no analogous form is attested."[48] Huehnergard opines it is "equally likely that the forms might derive from an ancient Germanic word, imported into Latin and thence to Greek and to Syriac and Arabic". Guus Kroonen also considers the word to be native to Germanic (due to morphological alternations) and Northern Europe, and suggests that it might ultimately be borrowed from Uralic, cf. Northern Sami gađfe, 'female stoat', and Hungarian hölgy, 'stoat'; from Proto-Uralic *käďwä, 'female (of a furred animal)'.[50] In any case, cat is a classic example of a Wanderwort.
An alternative word is English puss (extended as pussy and pussycat). Attested only from the 16th century, it may have been introduced from Dutch poes or from Low German puuskatte, related to Swedish kattepus, or Norwegian pus, pusekatt. Similar forms exist in Lithuanian puižė and Irish puisín or puiscín. The etymology of this word is unknown, but it may have simply arisen from a sound used to attract a cat.[51][52]
A group of cats can be referred to as a clowder or a glaring;[53] a male cat is called a tom or tomcat[54] (or a gib,[55] if neutered); an unspayed female is called a queen,[56] especially in a cat-breeding context; and a juvenile cat is referred to as a kitten. The male progenitor of a cat, especially a pedigreed cat, is its sire,[57] and its mother is its dam[58] In Early Modern English, the word kitten was interchangeable with the now obsolete word catling.[59]
A pedigreed cat is one whose ancestry is recorded by a cat fancier organization. A purebred (or pure-bred) cat is one whose ancestry contains only individuals of the same breed. Many pedigreed and especially purebred cats are exhibited as show cats. Cats of unrecorded, mixed ancestry are referred to as domestic short-haired or domestic long-haired cats (by coat type), or commonly as random-bred, moggies (chiefly British), or (using terms borrowed from dog breeding) mongrels or mutt-cats.
While the African wildcat is the ancestral subspecies from which domestic cats are descended, and wildcats and domestic cats can completely interbreed (being subspecies of the same species), several intermediate stages occur between domestic pet and pedigree cats on one hand and entirely wild animals on the other. The semi-feral cat, a mostly outdoor cat, is not owned by any one individual, but is generally friendly to people and may be fed by several households. Truly feral cats are associated with human habitation areas, foraging for food and sometimes intermittently fed by people, but are typically wary of human interaction.[41]
Biology Anatomy Main article: Cat anatomy
Diagram of the general anatomy of a male Domestic cats are similar in size to the other members of the genus Felis, typically weighing between 4 and 5 kg (9 and 10 lb).[37] Some breeds, such as the Maine Coon, can occasionally exceed 11 kg (24 lb). Conversely, very small cats, less than 2 kg (4 lb), have been reported.[60] The world record for the largest cat is 21 kg (50 lb).[61][self-published source] The smallest adult cat ever officially recorded weighed around 1 kg (2 lb).[61] Feral cats tend to be lighter, as they have more limited access to food than house cats. The Boston Cat Hospital weighted trapped feral cats, and found the average feral adult male to weigh 4 kg (9 lb), and average adult female 3 kg (7 lb).[62] Cats average about 23–25 cm (9–10 in) in height and 46 cm (18 in) in head/body length (males being larger than females), with tails averaging 30 cm (12 in) in length;[63] feral cats may be smaller on average.
Cats have seven cervical vertebrae, as do almost all mammals; 13 thoracic vertebrae (humans have 12); seven lumbar vertebrae (humans have five); three sacral vertebrae like most mammals (humans have five); and a variable number of caudal vertebrae in the tail (humans have only vestigial caudal vertebrae, fused into an internal coccyx).[64]:11 The extra lumbar and thoracic vertebrae account for the cat's spinal mobility and flexibility. Attached to the spine are 13 ribs, the shoulder, and the pelvis.[64] :16 Unlike human arms, cat forelimbs are attached to the shoulder by free-floating clavicle bones which allow them to pass their body through any space into which they can fit their head.[65]
Cat skull The cat skull is unusual among mammals in having very large eye sockets and a powerful and specialized jaw.[66]:35 Within the jaw, cats have teeth adapted for killing prey and tearing meat. When it overpowers its prey, a cat delivers a lethal neck bite with its two long canine teeth, inserting them between two of the prey's vertebrae and severing its spinal cord, causing irreversible paralysis and death.[67] Compared to other felines, domestic cats have narrowly spaced canine teeth, which is an adaptation to their preferred prey of small rodents, which have small vertebrae.[67] The premolar and first molar together compose the carnassial pair on each side of the mouth, which efficiently shears meat into small pieces, like a pair of scissors. These are vital in feeding, since cats' small molars cannot chew food effectively, and cats are largely incapable of mastication.[66]:37 Although cats tend to have better teeth than most humans, with decay generally less likely because of a thicker protective layer of enamel, a less damaging saliva, less retention of food particles between teeth, and a diet mostly devoid of sugar, they are nonetheless subject to occasional tooth loss and infection.[68]
Cats, like dogs, are digitigrades. They walk directly on their toes, with the bones of their feet making up the lower part of the visible leg.[69] Cats are capable of walking very precisely because, like all felines, they directly register; that is, they place each hind paw (almost) directly in the print of the corresponding fore paw, minimizing noise and visible tracks. This also provides sure footing for their hind paws when they navigate rough terrain. Unlike most mammals, when cats walk, they use a "pacing" gait; that is, they move the two legs on one side of the body before the legs on the other side. This trait is shared with camels and giraffes. As a walk speeds up into a trot, a cat's gait changes to be a "diagonal" gait, similar to that of most other mammals (and many other land animals, such as lizards): the diagonally opposite hind and fore legs move simultaneously.[70]
Like almost all members of the Felidae, cats have protractable and retractable claws.[71] In their normal, relaxed position, the claws are sheathed with the skin and fur around the paw's toe pads. This keeps the claws sharp by preventing wear from contact with the ground and allows the silent stalking of prey. The claws on the fore feet are typically sharper than those on the hind feet.[72] Cats can voluntarily extend their claws on one or more paws. They may extend their claws in hunting or self-defense, climbing, kneading, or for extra traction on soft surfaces. Most cats have five claws on their front paws, and four on their rear paws.[73] The fifth front claw (the dewclaw) is proximal to the other claws. More proximally is a protrusion which appears to be a sixth "finger". This special feature of the front paws, on the inside of the wrists, is the carpal pad, also found on the paws of big cats and dogs. It has no function in normal walking, but is thought to be an antiskidding device used while jumping. Some breeds of cats are prone to polydactyly (extra toes and claws).[73] These are particularly common along the northeast coast of North America.[74]
Physiology Cats are familiar and easily kept animals, and their physiology has been particularly well studied; it generally resembles those of other carnivorous mammals, but displays several unusual features probably attributable to cats' descent from desert-dwelling species.[32] For instance, cats are able to tolerate quite high temperatures: Humans generally start to feel uncomfortable when their skin temperature passes about 38 °C (100 °F), but cats show no discomfort until their skin reaches around 52 °C (126 °F),[66]:46 and can tolerate temperatures of up to 56 °C (133 °F) if they have access to water.[75]
Normal physiological values[76]:330 Body temperature 38.6 °C (101.5 °F) Heart rate 120–140 beats per minute Breathing rate 16–40 breaths per minute
Thermograph of various body parts of a cat Cats conserve heat by reducing the flow of blood to their skin and lose heat by evaporation through their mouths. Cats have minimal ability to sweat, with glands located primarily in their paw pads,[77] and pant for heat relief only at very high temperatures[78] (but may also pant when stressed). A cat's body temperature does not vary throughout the day; this is part of cats' general lack of circadian rhythms and may reflect their tendency to be active both during the day and at night.[79]:1 Cats' feces are comparatively dry and their urine is highly concentrated, both of which are adaptations to allow cats to retain as much water as possible.[32] Their kidneys are so efficient, they can survive on a diet consisting only of meat, with no additional water,[80] and can even rehydrate by drinking seawater.[81][79]:29While domestic cats are able to swim, they are generally reluctant to enter water as it quickly leads to exhaustion.[82]
Nutrition Cats are obligate carnivores: their physiology has evolved to efficiently process meat, and they have difficulty digesting plant matter.[32] In contrast to omnivores such as rats, which only require about 4% protein in their diet, about 20% of a cat's diet must be protein.[32] A cat's gastrointestinal tract is adapted to meat eating, being much shorter than that of omnivores and having low levels of several of the digestive enzymes needed to digest carbohydrates.[83] These traits severely limit the cat's ability to digest and use plant-derived nutrients, as well as certain fatty acids.[83] Despite the cat's meat-oriented physiology, several vegetarian or vegan cat foods have been marketed that are supplemented with chemically synthesized taurine and other nutrients, in attempts to produce a complete diet. However, some of these products still fail to provide all the nutrients cats require,[84] and diets containing no animal products pose the risk of causing severe nutritional deficiencies.[85] However, veterinarians in the United States have expressed concern that many domestic cats are overfed.[86]
Cats do eat grass occasionally. A proposed explanation is that cats use grass as a source of folic acid. Another is that it is used to supply dietary fiber, helping the cat defecate more easily and expel parasites and other harmful material through feces and vomit.[87]
Cats are unusually dependent on a constant supply of the amino acid arginine, and a diet lacking arginine causes marked weight loss and can be rapidly fatal.[88] Arginine is an essential additive in cat food because cats have low levels of the enzymes aminotransferase and pyrroline-5-carboxylate which are responsible for the synthesis of ornithine and citrulline in the small intestine.[89] Citrulline would typically go on to the kidneys to make arginine, but because cats have a deficiency in the enzymes that make it, citrulline is not produced in adequate quantities to make arginine. Arginine is essential in the urea cycle in order to convert the toxic component ammonia into urea that can then be excreted in the urine. Because of its essential role, deficiency in arginine results in a build up of toxic ammonia and leads to hyperammonemia.[89] The symptoms of hyperammonemia include lethargy, vomiting, ataxia, hyperesthesia and can be serious enough to induce death and coma in a matter of days if a cat is being fed an arginine-free diet. The quick onset of these symptoms is due to the fact that diets devoid in arginine will typically still contain all of the other amino acids, which will continue to be catabolized by the body, producing mass amounts of ammonia that very quickly build up with no way of being excreted.
Another unusual feature is that the cat cannot produce taurine,[note 1] with a deficiency in this nutrient causing macular degeneration, wherein the cat's retina slowly breaks down, causing irreversible blindness.[32] This is due to the hepatic activity of cystinesulfinic acid decarboxylase being low in cats.[91] This limits the ability of cats to biosynthesize the taurine they need from its precursor, the amino acid cysteine, which ultimately results in inadequate taurine production needed for normal function.[91] Deficiencies in taurine result in compensated function of feline cardiovascular and reproductive systems.[91] These abnormalities can also be accompanied by developmental issues in the central nervous system along with degeneration of the retina.[91]
In order to produce the essential vitamin niacin for use in the cat, tryptophan is needed for conversion purposes. However, due to a competing pathway with acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), niacin can become deficient and require supplementation.[92] This process occurs when an overactive enzyme, picolinic acid carboxylase, converts the vitamin B6 precursor picolinic acid into the alternate compound acetyl-CoA, instead of converting quinolinate into nictotinic acid mononlucleotide (niacin).[93] Niacin is required in cats as it supports enzyme function. If niacin is deficient in the diet, anorexia, weight loss and an increase in body temperature can result.[94]
Preformed vitamin A is required in the cat for retinal and reproductive health. Vitamin A is considered to be a fat-soluble vitamin and is seen as essential in a cat's diet. Normally, the conversion of beta-carotenes into vitamin A occurs in the intestine (more specifically the mucosal layer) of species, however cats lack the ability to undergo this process.[92] Both the kidney and liver are contributors to the use of vitamin A in the body of the majority of species while the cats liver does not produce the enzyme Beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase which converts the beta-carotene into retinol (vitamin A).[95] To summarize: cats do not have high levels of this enzyme leading to the cleavage and oxidation of carotenoids not taking place.[93]
Vitamin D3 is a dietary requirement for cats as they lack the ability to synthesize vitamin D3 from sunlight.[96] Cats obtain high levels of the enzyme 7-dehydrocholestrol delta 7 reductase which causes immediate conversion of vitamin D3 from sunlight to 7-dehydrocholesterol.[97] This fat soluble vitamin is required in cats for bone formation through the promotion of calcium retention, along with nerve and muscle control through absorption of calcium and phosphorus.[97]
Cats, like all mammals, need to get linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid, from their diet. Most mammals can convert linoleic acid to arachidonic acid, as well as the omega 3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) through the activity of enzymes, but this process is very limited in cats.[92] The Δ6-desaturase enzyme eventually converts linoleic acid, which is in its salt form linoleate, to arachidonate (salt form of arachidonic acid) in the liver, but this enzyme has very little activity in cats.[92] This means that arachidonic acid is an essential fatty acid for cats as they lack the ability to create required amounts of linoleic acid. Deficiency of arachidonic acid in cats is related to problems in growth, can cause injury and inflammation to skin (e.g. around the mouth) decreased platelet aggregation, fatty liver, increase in birth defects of kittens whose queens were deficient during pregnancy, and reproductive failure in queens.[92] Arachidonic acid can also be metabolized to eicosanoids that create inflammatory responses which are needed to stimulate proper growth and repair mechanisms in the cat.[98]
Cat food § Nutrient chart provides a list of the many nutrients cats require as well as the use of the nutrients in the body and the effects of the deficiency.
Senses Main article: Cat senses
Reflection of camera flash from the tapetum lucidum Cats have excellent night vision and can see at only one-sixth the light level required for human vision.[66]:43 This is partly the result of cat eyes having a tapetum lucidum, which reflects any light that passes through the retina back into the eye, thereby increasing the eye's sensitivity to dim light.[99] Another adaptation to dim light is the large pupils of cats' eyes. Unlike some big cats, such as tigers, domestic cats have slit pupils.[100] These slit pupils can focus bright light without chromatic aberration, and are needed since the domestic cat's pupils are much larger, relative to their eyes, than the pupils of the big cats.[100] At low light levels, a cat's pupils will expand to cover most of the exposed surface of its eyes.[101] However, domestic cats have rather poor color vision and (like most nonprimate mammals) have only two types of cones, optimized for sensitivity to blue and yellowish green; they have limited ability to distinguish between red and green.[102] A 1993 paper reported a response to middle wavelengths from a system other than the rods which might be due to a third type of cone. However, this appears to be an adaptation to low light levels rather than representing true trichromatic vision.[103]
Cats have excellent hearing and can detect an extremely broad range of frequencies. They can hear higher-pitched sounds than either dogs or humans, detecting frequencies from 55 Hz to 79,000 Hz, a range of 10.5 octaves, while humans and dogs both have ranges of about 9 octaves.[104][105] Cats can hear ultrasound, which is important in hunting[106] because many species of rodents make ultrasonic calls.[107] However, they do not communicate using ultrasound like rodents do. Cats' hearing is also sensitive and among the best of any mammal,[104] being most acute in the range of 500 Hz to 32 kHz.[108] This sensitivity is further enhanced by the cat's large movable outer ears (their pinnae), which both amplify sounds and help detect the direction of a noise.[106]
Cats have an acute sense of smell, due in part to their well-developed olfactory bulb and a large surface of olfactory mucosa, about 5.8 cm2 (0.90 in2) in area, which is about twice that of humans.[109] Cats are sensitive to pheromones such as 3-mercapto-3-methylbutan-1-ol,[110] which they use to communicate through urine spraying and marking with scent glands.[111] Many cats also respond strongly to plants that contain nepetalactone, especially catnip, as they can detect that substance at less than one part per billion.[112] About 70–80% of cats are affected by nepetalactone.[113] This response is also produced by other plants, such as silver vine (Actinidia polygama) and the herb valerian; it may be caused by the smell of these plants mimicking a pheromone and stimulating cats' social or sexual behaviors.[114]
Cats have relatively few taste buds compared to humans (470 or so versus more than 9,000 on the human tongue).[115] Domestic and wild cats share a gene mutation that keeps their sweet taste buds from binding to sugary molecules, leaving them with no ability to taste sweetness.[116] Their taste buds instead respond to acids, amino acids like protein, and bitter tastes.[117] Cats and many other animals have a Jacobson's organ in their mouths that is used in the behavioral process of flehmening. It allows them to sense certain aromas in a way that humans cannot. Cats also have a distinct temperature preference for their food, preferring food with a temperature around 38 °C (100 °F) which is similar to that of a fresh kill and routinely rejecting food presented cold or refrigerated (which would signal to the cat that the "prey" item is long dead and therefore possibly toxic or decomposing).[115]
The whiskers of a cat are highly sensitive to touch. To aid with navigation and sensation, cats have dozens of movable whiskers (vibrissae) over their body, especially their faces. These provide information on the width of gaps and on the location of objects in the dark, both by touching objects directly and by sensing air currents; they also trigger protective blink reflexes to protect the eyes from damage.[66]:47
File:BIOASTRONAUTICS RESEARCH Gov.archives.arc.68700.ogv Comparison of cat righting reflexes in gravity versus zero gravity Most breeds of cat have a noted fondness for settling in high places, or perching. In the wild, a higher place may serve as a concealed site from which to hunt; domestic cats may strike prey by pouncing from a perch such as a tree branch, as does a leopard.[118] Another possible explanation is that height gives the cat a better observation point, allowing it to survey its territory. During a fall from a high place, a cat can reflexively twist its body and right itself using its acute sense of balance and flexibility.[119] This is known as the cat righting reflex. An individual cat always rights itself in the same way, provided it has the time to do so, during a fall. The height required for this to occur is around 90 cm (3.0 ft). Cats without a tail (e.g. many specimens of the Manx and Cymric breeds) also have this ability, since a cat mostly relies on leg movement and conservation of angular momentum to set up for landing, and the tail is little used for this feat.[120] Their excellent sense of balance allows cats to move with great stability. A cat falling from heights of up to 3 meters can right itself and land on its paws.[121]
Health Main articles: Cat health and Aging in cats The average lifespan of pet cats has risen in recent years. In the early 1980s, it was about seven years,[122]:33[123] rising to 9.4 years in 1995[122]:33 and 15.1 years in 2018.[124] However, cats have been reported as surviving into their 30s,[125] with the oldest known cat, Creme Puff, dying at a verified age of 38.[126]
Spaying or neutering increases life expectancy: one study found neutered male cats live twice as long as intact males, while spayed female cats live 62% longer than intact females.[122]:35 Having a cat neutered confers health benefits, because castrated males cannot develop testicular cancer, spayed females cannot develop uterine or ovarian cancer, and both have a reduced risk of mammary cancer.[127]
Despite widespread concern about the welfare of free-roaming cats, the lifespans of neutered feral cats in managed colonies compare favorably with those of pet cats.[128]:45[129]:1358 [130][131][132][133]
Diseases Main article: Feline diseases A wide range of health problems may affect cats, including infectious diseases, parasites, injuries, and chronic disease. Vaccinations are available for many of these diseases, and domestic cats are regularly given treatments to eliminate parasites such as worms and fleas.[134]
Genetics Main article: Cat genetics The domesticated cat and its closest wild ancestor are both diploid organisms that possess 38 chromosomes[135] and roughly 20,000 genes.[136] About 250 heritable genetic disorders have been identified in cats, many similar to human inborn errors.[137] The high level of similarity among the metabolism of mammals allows many of these feline diseases to be diagnosed using genetic tests that were originally developed for use in humans, as well as the use of cats as animal models in the study of the human diseases.[138][139]
Behavior See also: Cat behavior and Cat intelligence A black-and-white cat on a fence A cat on a fence Outdoor cats are active both day and night, although they tend to be slightly more active at night.[140][141] The timing of cats' activity is quite flexible and varied, which means house cats may be more active in the morning and evening, as a response to greater human activity at these times.[142] Although they spend the majority of their time in the vicinity of their home, housecats can range many hundreds of meters from this central point, and are known to establish territories that vary considerably in size, in one study ranging from 7 to 28 hectares (17–69 acres).[141]
Cats conserve energy by sleeping more than most animals, especially as they grow older. The daily duration of sleep varies, usually between 12 and 16 hours, with 13 and 14 being the average. Some cats can sleep as much as 20 hours. The term "cat nap" for a short rest refers to the cat's tendency to fall asleep (lightly) for a brief period. While asleep, cats experience short periods of rapid eye movement sleep often accompanied by muscle twitches, which suggests they are dreaming.[143]
Sociability
Social grooming Although wildcats are solitary, the social behavior of domestic cats is much more variable and ranges from widely dispersed individuals to feral cat colonies that gather around a food source, based on groups of co-operating females.[144][145] Within such groups, one cat is usually dominant over the others.[34] Each cat in a colony holds a distinct territory, with sexually active males having the largest territories, which are about 10 times larger than those of female cats and may overlap with several females' territories.[111] These territories are marked by urine spraying, by rubbing objects at head height with secretions from facial glands, and by defecation.[111] Between these territories are neutral areas where cats watch and greet one another without territorial conflicts. Outside these neutral areas, territory holders usually chase away stranger cats, at first by staring, hissing, and growling, and if that does not work, by short but noisy and violent attacks. Despite some cats cohabiting in colonies, they do not have a social survival strategy, or a pack mentality, and always hunt alone.[146]
Cat with an Alaskan Malamute dog However, some pet cats are poorly socialized. In particular, older cats may show aggressiveness towards newly arrived kittens, which may include biting and scratching; this type of behavior is known as feline asocial aggression.[147]
Though cats and dogs are often characterized as natural enemies, they can live together if correctly socialized.[148]
Life in proximity to humans and other domestic animals has led to a symbiotic social adaptation in cats, and cats may express great affection toward humans or other animals. Ethologically, the human keeper of a cat may function as a sort of surrogate for the cat's mother,[149] and adult housecats live their lives in a kind of extended kittenhood,[150] a form of behavioral neoteny. The high-pitched sounds housecats make to solicit food may mimic the cries of a hungry human infant, making them particularly hard for humans to ignore.[151]
Domestic cats' scent rubbing behavior towards humans or other cats is thought to be a feline means for social bonding.[152]
Communication Main article: Cat communication Domestic cats use many vocalizations for communication, including purring, trilling, hissing, growling/snarling, grunting, and several different forms of meowing.[7] (By contrast, feral cats are generally silent.)[153]:208 Their types of body language, including position of ears and tail, relaxation of the whole body, and kneading of the paws, are all indicators of mood. The tail and ears are particularly important social signal mechanisms in cats;[154][155] for example, a raised tail acts as a friendly greeting, and flattened ears indicates hostility. Tail-raising also indicates the cat's position in the group's social hierarchy, with dominant individuals raising their tails less often than subordinate animals.[155] Nose-to-nose touching is also a common greeting and may be followed by social grooming, which is solicited by one of the cats raising and tilting its head.[145]
Purring may have developed as an evolutionary advantage as a signalling mechanism of reassurance between mother cats and nursing kittens. Post-nursing cats often purr as a sign of contentment: when being petted, becoming relaxed,[156][157] or eating. The mechanism by which cats purr is elusive. The cat has no unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the sound.[158] It was, until recent times, believed that only the cats of the Felis genus could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tiger, lion, jaguar, and leopard) also produce non-continuous sounds, called chuffs, similar to purring, but only when exhaling.[159]
Grooming
The hooked papillae on a cat's tongue act like a hairbrush to help clean and detangle fur. File:Housecat Grooming Itself.webm A tabby housecat uses its brush-like tongue to groom itself, licking its fur to straighten it. Cats are known for spending considerable amounts of time licking their coat to keep it clean.[160] The cat's tongue has backwards-facing spines about 500 μm long, which are called papillae. These contain keratin which makes them rigid[161] so the papillae act like a hairbrush. Some cats, particularly longhaired cats, occasionally regurgitate hairballs of fur that have collected in their stomachs from grooming. These clumps of fur are usually sausage-shaped and about 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 in) long. Hairballs can be prevented with remedies that ease elimination of the hair through the gut, as well as regular grooming of the coat with a comb or stiff brush.[160]
Fighting Among domestic cats, males are more likely to fight than females.[162] Among feral cats, the most common reason for cat fighting is competition between two males to mate with a female. In such cases, most fights are won by the heavier male.[163] Another common reason for fighting in domestic cats is the difficulty of establishing territories within a small home.[162] Female cats also fight over territory or to defend their kittens. Neutering will decrease or eliminate this behavior in many cases, suggesting that the behavior is linked to sex hormones.[164]
An arched back, raised fur and an open-mouthed hiss can all be signs of aggression in a domestic cat. When cats become aggressive, they try to make themselves appear larger and more threatening by raising their fur, arching their backs, turning sideways and hissing or spitting.[154] Often, the ears are pointed down and back to avoid damage to the inner ear and potentially listen for any changes behind them while focused forward. They may also vocalize loudly and bare their teeth in an effort to further intimidate their opponent. Fights usually consist of grappling and delivering powerful slaps to the face and body with the forepaws as well as bites. Cats also throw themselves to the ground in a defensive posture to rake their opponent's belly with their powerful hind legs.[165]
Serious damage is rare, as the fights are usually short in duration, with the loser running away with little more than a few scratches to the face and ears. However, fights for mating rights are typically more severe and injuries may include deep puncture wounds and lacerations. Normally, serious injuries from fighting are limited to infections of scratches and bites, though these can occasionally kill cats if untreated. In addition, bites are probably the main route of transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus.[166] Sexually active males are usually involved in many fights during their lives, and often have decidedly battered faces with obvious scars and cuts to their ears and nose.[167]
Hunting and feeding
A cat that is playing with a caught mouse. Cats play with their prey to weaken or exhaust them before making a kill.
A domestic cat with its prey Cats hunt small prey, primarily birds and rodents,[168] and are often used as a form of pest control.[169][170] Domestic cats are a major predator of wildlife in the United States, killing an estimated 1.4 to 3.7 billion birds and 6.9 to 20.7 billion mammals annually.[171][172] The bulk of predation in the United States is done by 80 million feral and stray cats. Effective measures to reduce this population are elusive, meeting opposition from cat enthusiasts.[171][172] In the case of free-ranging pets, equipping cats with bells and not letting them out at night will reduce wildlife predation.[168]
Free-fed feral cats and house cats tend to consume many small meals in a single day, although the frequency and size of meals varies between individuals.[146] Cats use two hunting strategies, either stalking prey actively, or waiting in ambush until an animal comes close enough to be captured.[173] Although it is not certain, the strategy used may depend on the prey species in the area, with cats waiting in ambush outside burrows, but tending to actively stalk birds.[174]:153
Perhaps the best known element of cats' hunting behavior, which is commonly misunderstood and often appalls cat owners because it looks like torture, is that cats often appear to "play" with prey by releasing it after capture. This behavior is due to an instinctive imperative to ensure that the prey is weak enough to be killed without endangering the cat.[175] This behavior is referred to in the idiom "cat-and-mouse game" or simply "cat and mouse".
Another poorly understood element of cat hunting behavior is the presentation of prey to human guardians. Ethologist Paul Leyhausen proposed that cats adopt humans into their social group and share excess kill with others in the group according to the dominance hierarchy, in which humans are reacted to as if they are at, or near, the top.[176] Anthropologist and zoologist Desmond Morris, in his 1986 book Catwatching, suggests, when cats bring home mice or birds, they are attempting to teach their human to hunt, or trying to help their human as if feeding "an elderly cat, or an inept kitten".[177][178] Morris's hypothesis is inconsistent with the fact that male cats also bring home prey, despite males having negligible involvement with raising kittens.[174]:153
Domestic cats select food based on its temperature, smell and texture; they dislike chilled foods and respond most strongly to moist foods rich in amino acids, which are similar to meat.[85][146] Cats may reject novel flavors (a response termed neophobia) and learn quickly to avoid foods that have tasted unpleasant in the past.[146] They may also avoid sugary foods and milk. Most adult cats are lactose intolerant; the sugars in milk are not easily digested and may cause soft stools or diarrhea.[146][179] They can also develop odd eating habits. Some cats like to eat or chew on other things, most commonly wool, but also plastic, cables, paper, string, aluminum foil, or even coal. This condition, pica, can threaten their health, depending on the amount and toxicity of the items eaten.[180][181]
Though cats usually prey on animals less than half their size, a feral cat in Australia has been photographed killing an adult pademelon of around the cat's weight at 4 kg (8.8 lb).[182]
Since cats lack sufficient lips to create suction,[183] they use a lapping method with the tongue to draw liquid upwards into their mouths. Lapping at a rate of four times a second, the cat touches the smooth tip of its tongue to the surface of the water, and quickly retracts it like a corkscrew, drawing water upwards.[184]
Running A veterinarian and columnist for Mercola Healthy Pets, Karen Shaw Becker, has compiled a list of the fastest and most athletic cat breeds. First is the Egyptian Mau, which can clock up to 30 miles per hour, faster than any other domestic cat breed in the world.[185][unreliable source] In descending order, Becker lists the other swift domestic cats: the Abyssinian cat, the Somali cat, the Bengal cat, the Savannah cat, the Manx cat ("He can jump and accelerate through the house like there's no tomorrow. Watch for his sharp turns and quick stops – you'll think he's a mini sports car in the shape of a cat."), the Siamese cat, the Ocicat, and the Oriental Shorthair.
The average house cat can outspeed the average house dog (excluding those born to run and race, such as the greyhound and the cheetah), but they excel at sprinting, not at long-distance running.
Play Main article: Cat play and toys File:Play fight between cats.webmhd.webm Play fight between kittens, age 14 weeks Domestic cats, especially young kittens, are known for their love of play. This behavior mimics hunting and is important in helping kittens learn to stalk, capture, and kill prey.[186] Cats also engage in play fighting, with each other and with humans. This behavior may be a way for cats to practice the skills needed for real combat, and might also reduce any fear they associate with launching attacks on other animals.[187]
Owing to the close similarity between play and hunting, cats prefer to play with objects that resemble prey, such as small furry toys that move rapidly, but rapidly lose interest (they become habituated) in a toy they have played with before.[188] Cats also tend to play with toys more when they are hungry.[189] String is often used as a toy, but if it is eaten, it can become caught at the base of the cat's tongue and then move into the intestines, a medical emergency which can cause serious illness, even death.[190] Owing to the risks posed by cats eating string, it is sometimes replaced with a laser pointer's dot, which cats may chase.[191]
Reproduction See also: Kitten
When cats mate, the tomcat (male) bites the scruff of the female's neck as she assumes a position conducive to mating known as lordosis behavior.
Radiography of a pregnant cat (about one month and a half) Female cats are seasonally polyestrous, which means they may have many periods of heat over the course of a year, the season beginning in spring and ending in late autumn. Heat periods occur about every two weeks and last about 4 to 7 days.[192] Multiple males will be attracted to a female in heat. The males will fight over her, and the victor wins the right to mate. At first, the female rejects the male, but eventually the female allows the male to mate. The female utters a loud yowl as the male pulls out of her because a male cat's penis has a band of about 120–150 backwards-pointing penile spines, which are about 1 mm long; upon withdrawal of the penis, the spines rake the walls of the female's vagina, which acts to induce ovulation. This act also occurs to clear the vagina of other sperm in the context of a second (or more) mating, thus giving the later males a larger chance of conception.[193]
After mating, the female washes her vulva thoroughly. If a male attempts to mate with her at this point, the female will attack him. After about 20 to 30 minutes, once the female is finished grooming, the cycle will repeat.[192]
Because ovulation is not always triggered by a single mating, females may not be impregnated by the first male with which they mate.[194] Furthermore, cats are superfecund; that is, a female may mate with more than one male when she is in heat, with the result that different kittens in a litter may have different fathers.[192]
A newborn kitten At 124 hours after conception, the morula forms. At 148 hours, early blastocysts form. At 10–12 days, implantation occurs.[195][196]
The gestation period for cats is between 64 and 67 days, with an average of 66 days.[197] The size of a litter usually is three to five kittens, with the first litter usually smaller than subsequent litters. Kittens are weaned between six and seven weeks old, and cats normally reach sexual maturity at 5–10 months (females) and to 5–7 months (males), although this can vary depending on breed.[192] Females can have two to three litters per year, so may produce up to 150 kittens in their breeding span of around ten years.[192]
Cats are ready to go to new homes at about 12 weeks of age,[198] when they are ready to leave their mother. They can be surgically sterilized (spayed or castrated) as early as 7 weeks to limit unwanted reproduction.[199] This surgery also prevents undesirable sex-related behavior, such as aggression, territory marking (spraying urine) in males and yowling (calling) in females. Traditionally, this surgery was performed at around six to nine months of age, but it is increasingly being performed before puberty, at about three to six months.[200] In the US, about 80% of household cats are neutered.[201]
Ecology Habitats
A cat in snowy weather Cats are a cosmopolitan species and are found across much of the world.[39] Geneticist Stephen James O'Brien, of the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland, remarked on how successful cats have been in evolutionary terms: "Cats are one of evolution's most charismatic creatures. They can live on the highest mountains and in the hottest deserts."[202] They are extremely adaptable and are now present on all continents except Antarctica, and on 118 of the 131 main groups of islands—even on isolated islands such as the Kerguelen Islands.[203][204]
Feral cats can live in forests, grasslands, tundra, coastal areas, agricultural land, scrublands, urban areas, and wetlands.[205] Their habitats even include small oceanic islands with no human inhabitants.[206] Further, the close relatives of domestic cats, the African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica) and the Arabian sand cat (Felis margarita) both inhabit desert environments,[29] and domestic cats still show similar adaptations and behaviors.[32] The cat's ability to thrive in almost any terrestrial habitat has led to its designation as one of the world's worst invasive species.[207]
As domestic cats are little altered from wildcats, they can readily interbreed. This hybridization poses a danger to the genetic distinctiveness of some wildcat populations, particularly in Scotland and Hungary and possibly also the Iberian Peninsula.[42]
Feral cats Main article: Feral cat
Feral farm cat Feral cats are domestic cats that were born in or have reverted to a wild state. They are unfamiliar with and wary of humans and roam freely in urban and rural areas.[9] The numbers of feral cats is not known, but estimates of the US feral population range from 25 to 60 million.[9] Feral cats may live alone, but most are found in large colonies, which occupy a specific territory and are usually associated with a source of food.[208] Famous feral cat colonies are found in Rome around the Colosseum and Forum Romanum, with cats at some of these sites being fed and given medical attention by volunteers.[209]
Public attitudes towards feral cats vary widely, ranging from seeing them as free-ranging pets, to regarding them as vermin.[210] One common approach to reducing the feral cat population is termed 'trap-neuter-return', where the cats are trapped, neutered, immunized against diseases such as rabies and the feline Panleukopenia and Leukemia viruses, and then released.[211] Before releasing them back into their feral colonies, the attending veterinarian often nips the tip off one ear to mark it as neutered and inoculated, since these cats may be trapped again. Volunteers continue to feed and give care to these cats throughout their lives. Given this support, their lifespans are increased, and behavior and nuisance problems caused by competition for food are reduced.[208]
Impact on prey species
Carrying half of a rabbit To date, little scientific data is available to assess the impact of cat predation on prey populations outside of agricultural situations. Even well-fed domestic cats may hunt and kill, mainly catching small mammals, but also birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and invertebrates.[168][212] Hunting by domestic cats may be contributing to the decline in the numbers of birds in urban areas, although the importance of this effect remains controversial.[213] In the wild, the introduction of feral cats during human settlement can threaten native species with extinction.[206] In many cases, controlling or eliminating the populations of non-native cats can produce a rapid recovery in native animals.[214] However, the ecological role of introduced cats can be more complicated. For example, cats can control the numbers of rats, which also prey on birds' eggs and young, so a cat population can protect an endangered bird species by suppressing mesopredators.[215]
In isolated landmasses, such as Australasia, there are often no other native, medium-sized quadrupedal predators (including other feline species); this tends to exacerbate the impact of feral cats on small native animals.[216] Native species such as the New Zealand kakapo and the Australian bettong, for example, tend to be more ecologically vulnerable and behaviorally "naive", when faced with predation by cats.[217] Feral cats have had a major impact on these native species and have played a leading role in the endangerment and extinction of many animals.[218]
Even in places with ancient and numerous cat populations, such as Western Europe, cats appear to be growing in number and independently of their environments' carrying capacity (such as the numbers of prey available).[219][220] This may be explained, at least in part, by an abundance of food, from sources including feeding by pet owners and scavenging. For instance, research in Britain suggests that a high proportion of cats hunt only "recreationally"[220], and in South Sweden, where research in 1982 found that the population density of cats was as high as 2,000 per square kilometre (5,200/sq mi).[219]
In agricultural settings, cats can be effective at keeping mouse and rat populations low, but only if rodent harborage locations are kept under control.[221][222] While cats are effective at preventing rodent population explosions, they are not effective for eliminating pre-existing severe infestations.[223]
Impact on birds
A black cat eating a house sparrow The domestic cat is a significant predator of birds. UK assessments indicate they may be accountable for an estimated 64.8 million bird deaths each year.[168] A 2012 study suggests feral cats may kill several billion birds each year in the United States.[224] Certain species appear more susceptible than others; for example, 30% of house sparrow mortality is linked to the domestic cat.[225] In the recovery of ringed robins (Erithacus rubecula) and dunnocks (Prunella modularis), 31% of deaths were a result of cat predation.[226] In parts of North America, the presence of larger carnivores such as coyotes which prey on cats and other small predators reduces the effect of predation by cats and other small predators such as opossums and raccoons on bird numbers and variety.[227] The proposal that cat populations will increase when the numbers of these top predators decline is called the mesopredator release hypothesis.
On islands, birds can contribute as much as 60% of a cat's diet.[228] In nearly all cases, however, the cat cannot be identified as the sole cause for reducing the numbers of island birds, and in some instances, eradication of cats has caused a 'mesopredator release' effect;[229] where the suppression of top carnivores creates an abundance of smaller predators that cause a severe decline in their shared prey. Domestic cats are, however, known to be a contributing factor to the decline of many species, a factor that has ultimately led, in some cases, to extinction. The South Island piopio, Chatham rail,[226] the New Zealand merganser,[230] and the common diving petrel[231] are a few from a long list, with the most extreme case being the flightless Lyall's wren, which was driven to extinction only a few years after its discovery.[232][233]
Some of the same factors that have promoted adaptive radiation of island avifauna over evolutionary time appear to promote vulnerability to non-native species in modern time. The susceptibility of many island birds is undoubtedly due to evolution in the absence of mainland predators, competitors, diseases, and parasites, in addition to lower reproductive rates and extended incubation periods.[234] The loss of flight, or reduced flying ability is also characteristic of many island endemics.[235] These biological aspects have increased vulnerability to extinction in the presence of introduced species, such as the domestic cat.[236] Equally, behavioral traits exhibited by island species, such as "predatory naivety"[237] and ground-nesting,[234] have also contributed to their susceptibility.
Interaction with humans Main article: Human interaction with cats
Cats and people Cats are common pets throughout the world, and their worldwide population exceeds 500 million.[13] Although cat guardianship has commonly been associated with women,[238] a 2007 Gallup poll reported that men and women in the United States of America were equally likely to own a cat.[239]
As well as being kept as pets, cats are also used in the international fur[240] and leather industries for making coats, hats, blankets, and stuffed toys;[241] and shoes, gloves, and musical instruments respectively[242] (about 24 cats are needed to make a cat-fur coat).[243] This use has been outlawed in the United States, Australia, and the European Union.[244] Cat pelts have been used for superstitious purposes as part of the practise of witchcraft,[245] and are still made into blankets in Switzerland as folk remedies believed to help rheumatism.[246] In the Western intellectual tradition, the idea of cats as everyday objects have served to illustrate problems of quantum mechanics in the Schrödinger's cat thought experiment.
A few attempts to build a cat census have been made over the years, both through associations or national and international organizations (such as the Canadian Federation of Humane Societies's one[247]) and over the Internet,[248][249] but such a task does not seem simple to achieve. General estimates for the global population of domestic cats range widely from anywhere between 200 million to 600 million.[250][251][252][253][254][255]
Cat show Main article: Cat show A cat show is a judged event where the owners of cats compete to win titles in various cat registering organizations by entering their cats to be judged after a breed standard.[256][257] Both pedigreed and companion (or moggy) cats are admissible, although the rules differ from organization to organization. Cats are compared to a breed standard,[258] and the owners of those judged to be closest to it are awarded a prize. Moggies are judged based on their temperament. Often, at the end of the year, all of the points accrued at various shows are added up and more national and regional titles are awarded.
Cat café Main article: Cat café A cat café is a theme café whose attraction is cats that can be watched and played with.[259] Patrons pay a cover fee, generally hourly and thus cat cafés can be seen as a form of supervised indoor pet rental.
Ailurophobia Main article: Ailurophobia Ailurophobia is a human phobia of cats; however, the term is often associated with humans that have a hatred of cats.[260]
Cat bites Main article: Cat bite Cats may bite humans when provoked, during play or when aggressive. Complications from cat bites can develop.[261] A cat bite differs from the bites of other pets. This is because the teeth of a cat are sharp and pointed causing deep punctures. Skin usually closes rapidly over the bite and traps microorganisms that cause infection.[262][261]
Infections transmitted from cats to humans Main article: Feline zoonosis Cats can be infected or infested with viruses, bacteria, fungus, protozoans, arthropods or worms that can transmit diseases to humans.[263] In some cases, the cat exhibits no symptoms of the disease,[264] However, the same disease can then become evident in a human. The likelihood that a person will become diseased depends on the age and immune status of the person. Humans who have cats living in their home or in close association are more likely to become infected, however, those who do not keep cats as pets might also acquire infections from cat feces and parasites exiting the cat's body.[263][265] Some of the infections of most concern include salmonella, cat scratch disease and toxoplasmosis.[264]
History and mythology Main articles: Cultural depictions of cats and Cats in ancient Egypt
The ancient Egyptians mummified dead cats out of respect in the same way that they mummified people.[266]
Ancient Roman mosaic of a cat killing a partridge from the House of the Faun in Pompeii
A 19th-century drawing of a tabby cat Traditionally, historians tended to think ancient Egypt was the site of cat domestication, owing to the clear depictions of house cats in Egyptian paintings about 3,600 years old.[29] However, in 2004, a Neolithic grave excavated in Shillourokambos, Cyprus, contained the skeletons, laid close to one another, of both a human and a cat. The grave is estimated to be 9,500 years old, pushing back the earliest known feline–human association significantly.[16][267][268] The cat specimen is large and closely resembles the African wildcat, rather than present-day domestic cats. This discovery, combined with genetic studies, suggests cats were probably domesticated in the Middle East, in the Fertile Crescent around the time of the development of agriculture, and then were brought to Cyprus and Egypt.[15][20] Direct evidence for the domestication of cats 5,300 years ago in Quanhucun, China has been published by archaeologists and paleontologists from the University of Washington and Chinese Academy of Sciences. The cats are believed to have been attracted to the village by rodents, which in turn were attracted by grain cultivated and stored by humans.[269]
In ancient Egypt, cats were sacred animals, with the goddess Bastet often depicted in cat form, sometimes taking on the war-like aspect of a lioness.[270]:220 Killing a cat was absolutely forbidden[266] and the Greek historian Herodotus reports that, whenever a household cat died, the entire family would mourn and shave their eyebrows.[266] Families took their dead cats to the sacred city of Bubastis,[266] where they were embalmed and buried in sacred repositories.[266] Domestic cats were probably first introduced to Greece and southern Italy in the fifth century BC by the Phoenicians.[271] The earliest unmistakable evidence of the Greeks having domestic cats comes from two coins from Magna Graecia dating to the mid-fifth century BC showing Iokastos and Phalanthos, the legendary founders of Rhegion and Taras respectively, playing with their pet cats.[272]:57–58[273]
Housecats seem to have been extremely rare among the ancient Greeks and Romans;[273] Herodotus expressed astonishment at the domestic cats in Egypt, because he had only ever seen wildcats.[273] Even during later times, weasels were far more commonly kept as pets[273] and weasels, not cats, were seen as the ideal rodent-killers.[273] The usual ancient Greek word for "cat" was ailouros, meaning "thing with the waving tail",[272]:57[273] but this word could also be applied to any of the "various long-tailed carnivores kept for catching mice".[273] Cats are rarely mentioned in ancient Greek literature,[273] but Aristotle does remark in his History of Animals that "female cats are naturally lecherous."[272]:74[273] The Greeks later syncretized their own goddess Artemis with the Egyptian goddess Bastet, adopting Bastet's associations with cats and ascribing them to Artemis.[272]:77–79 In Ovid's Metamorphoses, when the gods flee to Egypt and take animal forms, the goddess Diana (the Roman equivalent of Artemis) turns into a cat.[272]:79 Cats eventually displaced ferrets as the pest control of choice because they were more pleasant to have around the house and were more enthusiastic hunters of mice.[274] During the Middle Ages, many of Artemis's associations with cats were grafted onto the Virgin Mary.[274] Cats are often shown in icons of Annunciation and of the Holy Family[274] and, according to Italian folklore, on the same night that Mary gave birth to Jesus, a virgin cat in Bethlehem gave birth to a kitten.[274] Domestic cats were spread throughout much of the rest of the world during the Age of Discovery, as ships' cats were carried on sailing ships to control shipboard rodents and as good-luck charms.[270]:223
Several ancient religions believed cats are exalted souls, companions or guides for humans, that are all-knowing but mute so they cannot influence decisions made by humans. In Japan, the maneki neko cat is a symbol of good fortune.[275] In Norse mythology, Freyja, the goddess of love, beauty, and fertility, is depicted as riding a chariot drawn by cats.[276] In Jewish legend, the first cat was living in the house of the first man Adam as a pet that got rid of mice.[277] The cat was once partnering with the first dog before the latter broke an oath they had made which resulted in enmity between the descendants of these two animals.[277] It is also written that neither cats nor foxes are represented in the water, while every other animal has an incarnation species in the water.[277] Although no species are sacred in Islam, cats are revered by Muslims. Some Western writers have stated Muhammad had a favorite cat, Muezza.[278] He is reported to have loved cats so much, "he would do without his cloak rather than disturb one that was sleeping on it".[279] The story has no origin in early Muslim writers, and seems to confuse a story of a later Sufi saint, Ahmed ar-Rifa'i, centuries after Muhammad.[280] One of the companions of Muhammad was known as "Abu Hurayrah" (Father of the Kitten), in reference to his documented affection to cats.[281]
Superstitions and cat burning
Some cultures are superstitious about black cats, ascribing either good or bad luck to them. Many cultures have negative superstitions about cats. An example would be the belief that a black cat "crossing one's path" leads to bad luck, or that cats are witches' familiars used to augment a witch's powers and skills. The killing of cats in Medieval Ypres, Belgium, is commemorated in the innocuous present-day Kattenstoet (cat parade).[282] In medieval France, cats would be burnt alive as a form of entertainment. According to Norman Davies, the assembled people "shrieked with laughter as the animals, howling with pain, were singed, roasted, and finally carbonized".[283]
"It was the custom to burn a basket, barrel, or sack full of live cats, which was hung from a tall mast in the midst of the bonfire; sometimes a fox was burned. The people collected the embers and ashes of the fire and took them home, believing that they brought good luck. The French kings often witnessed these spectacles and even lit the bonfire with their own hands. In 1648 Louis XIV, crowned with a wreath of roses and carrying a bunch of roses in his hand, kindled the fire, danced at it and partook of the banquet afterwards in the town hall. But this was the last occasion when a monarch presided at the midsummer bonfire in Paris. At Metz midsummer fires were lighted with great pomp on the esplanade, and a dozen cats, enclosed in wicker cages, were burned alive in them, to the amusement of the people. Similarly at Gap, in the department of the Hautes-Alpes, cats used to be roasted over the midsummer bonfire."[284]
According to a myth in many cultures, cats have multiple lives. In many countries, they are believed to have nine lives, but in Italy, Germany, Greece, Brazil and some Spanish-speaking regions, they are said to have seven lives,[285][286] while in Turkish and Arabic traditions, the number of lives is six.[287] The myth is attributed to the natural suppleness and swiftness cats exhibit to escape life-threatening situations. Also lending credence to this myth is the fact that falling cats often land on their feet, using an instinctive righting reflex to twist their bodies around. Nonetheless, cats can still be injured or killed by a high fall.[288]
See also
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submitted by Chtorrr to Chtorrr [link] [comments]


2012.05.09 05:27 tabledresser [Table] I am a (female) sports reporter. AMA.

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Date: 2012-05-08
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Questions Answers
Other than Twitter and Facebook, what modern day technology you most use to keep you informed on sports and other news? Does Reddit play a part there? Are you a redditor or just here for AMA? I read the AP news wires all day at work, so I'm always informed on breaking news and stuff like that. As for Reddit: Reddit is my home page, so definitely. I don't really comment on stuff though.
You shouldn't be afraid to click that link unless you are at work. It is nothing you haven't seen before. But probably not things you really want to see. Jeez! There's everything on here!
Why aren't women's professional sports more popular? Do you find them to be enjoyable? Will the WNBA still be here in 10 years? I can't stand the WNBA. So boring & slow-paced. So no, I don't see the WNBA being around. (Sorry if I offended any fans. Do they exist?)
Women's soccer, however...so much better. I always enjoy the women's World Cup whenever it's on.
Women's tennis might be more popular than men's. It's not, but it's very popular just like men's tennis. I just covered the Audi Melbourne Pro Tennis Classic and there was a surprisingly huge turnout. We're talking mid-ranked professional women's tennis. Biggest names there were Grace Min and Melanie Oudin.
I've heard there's actually a player cap for WNBA of ~$100k/year, and that the NBA pays out the rear to subsidize the WNBA. Are you aware of this, and if its true, what are your thoughts about whether the absurdly low salaries hurt the sport. I am. I know the NBA loses money every year with the WNBA. It's kind of sad. Unfortunately, I don't think women's baksetball is entertaining enough to make a profit here in the US.
Personally, I agree about the entertainment aspect, I was just curious as to whether you thought higher salaries could draw more entertaining talent. I'm not sure I could name a WNBA player since Swoopes. I think they already draw all of the entertaining talent. All of the top NCAA women's players go on to play for the WNBA. Maya Moore, anyone?
How many female sports do you report? I appreciate the sarcasm. But to answer: None, really. Unless if you consider NASCAR to be a female sport. Danica gets a lot of coverage.
Yeah, but she's a really shitty stock car driver. Agreed.
Upvotes for hearing a sports reporter that doesn't just adore everything Danica Patrick does. Hahahahaha I think most reporters can't stand the attention she gets.
I imagine your job would consist of constantly being hit on. Anyone we know? It happens (getting hit on), and it's annoying. I'm there to do my job and I love sports just as much as every other reporter covering it. Most athletes I cover get to know me personally and they don't normally hit on me. The athletes who do are usually from a visiting team. I mostly get heckled from the fans. I understand, they're probably wasted anyways. So I just ignore them. I was sexually harassed by a mascot once.
Also: I was told by a female mentor - who is a well-known ESPN reporter - to wear a fake engagement ring to prevent myself from being hit on. I didn't, because I just thought wearing a pretend engagement ring was weird. I dunno. Anyways, fast forward a year...I get engaged. It doesn't prevent anything. It makes things worse. It's a target on my back. Haha.
You got harassed by a mascot? I guess you're not a furry. It wasn't a furry mascot!! It was a Knightro: Link to centric.cos.ucf.edu
The reason why I say "a" Knightro is because about 10 people dress up as Knightro for UCF. So, yeah.
That was a few years back. Good times.
I'm guessing it's Erin. It's not. I'm not a huge fan of EA's, to be honest. I think she's more in it for the celebrity aspect.
Aw, you didn't answer the 'anyone we know bit'! Good on you, BTW. in Australia we have had a few women making inroads into sport commentary, reporting and even as referees for the more macho sports. It's a nice change from the usual style. You mean, you don't know who Knightro is?!
UCF student here, that is hilarious. GO Knights! Go Knights!
I can see where you might think that, over the years, she's become more "glamorous" and such, but when she started out, she was very sweet and nice. Put it this way: I used to idolize her until I found out who she really is.
Is it a Pokemon? HA.
What qualities were needed for the job (except looking pretty, I guess that good looks is important for television)? Being comfortable in any situation and being comfortable on camera. I don't think it's about good looks. I've seen plenty of ugly TV reporters. I think it's more about how you present yourself.
Have you always been interested in sports? I've always lived and breathed sports. Was always a tomboy growing up. Sports are a big part of my life. Can't imagine life without them.
Do you have a go to question to try and break the ice when interviewing somebody new? I like to ask a few icebreaker questions before, and I keep a few interesting questions in my back pocket. If I feel that the interview is going well, I'll break out an interesting question.
Most hilarious on-air blooper (if any?) Haven't had one on-air, thank goodness. I've had a lot of off-air moments like: "Shit, my mic isn't clipped right. Are you taping this? Stop focusing on my boobs, camera guy!"
Biggest sports celebrity you've interviewed? Michael Jordan. If you would have told me when I was 8 years old that I was going to interview Michael Jordan, I would have died. He was a hero growing up.
Biggest sports celebrity who has hit on you? In terms of biggest name who has hit on me: It's usually the practice squad guys or guys in college. Famous athletes usually aren't pigs with reporters, because they're smart enough to know not to mess with us because we'll write a story on them.
Oh My God, Michael Jordan! Did you ask anything about Space Jam?!!? I did, actually. I asked if a Part 2 was coming out and if Marcus and Jeffrey (his sons) were going to be in it. He wasn't amused. The reporters around me were.
I've heard he's not the nicest guy. Confirm or deny? Wasn't a jerk, but didn't exactly come off to me as good guy Greg.
Are you an avid reddit user? Reddit is my homepage.
Also, do you like hockey - which I might add is the most kick ass sport there is ;) I enjoy watching live hockey, but I'm not an NHL fan. I'll cover it if I have to. But I don't cover hockey. It's not popular.
Thx for the honest AMA though And thanks for the question! This is fun!
You should move to Canada then.. eh? No.
What was on Link to www.wwjnd.com ? It's linked from you Twitter but there is nothing up there, seems to give out "expired website" kind of error. WWJND.com was an NFL gossip blog/website that Fox Sports acquired from me as a parter-type venture. I had a one-year contract with them. Within that year I was hired at my current position. I couldn't keep the site because of a COI. So now it's no longer in existence. I should remove that link. Thanks for reminding me :)
Any interest in motorsports? Being american I would assume NASCAR, Indy etc, do you follow those? How about more European series, like Formula1, WRC? I've grown to love NASCAR. That's all I really cover though.
Do you think that they hired you because you were a girl or because you are good at what you're doing? I'd like to think that I got hired because I'm good at what I do.
I realize that being a female in this industry is going to make me a little more noticeable. But when it all comes down to it: I've had a passion for sports for as long as I could remember. This is my lifelong dream and I'm fulfilling it.
Hate to break it to you honey but you're not there for your reporting skills. I'm sorry you feel that way!
I've read through a bit of questions and noticed you like football. What team do you root for in the NFL? I grew up rooting for the Jets and still deep down inside am a die-hard fan.
Please don't hate me.
I'd like to think my bias doesn't show. I'm realistic about teams I dislike. For example, my AFCE prediction: I think the Patriots win the division this year by a landslide. Jets in second and squeak in the playoffs with a 9-7 record. Dolphins and Bills with 4-6 wins, 3rd and 4th.
I would say you are actually optimistic about teams that you dislike. I assume you dislike my team, the Miami Dolphins, because there is no way we win 4 games this year! Whenever the Dolphins are bad (which they will be this year), they always lose a whole bunch and then win the games they need to lose at the end of the season to obtain the No. 1 draft pick. It's pretty sad....but I don't mind at all!
Yep, it really pisses me off to know that we could have had Luck or RG3 instead of Tannehill! Honestly, I had Tannehill as a 2nd or 3rd round pick before the combine. People forget he was a WR in college and needs a ton of work. He's the type that needs to sit out for a few years and learn. Now..who's to say he can't do that under Matt Moore? Problem is, he won't. The Dolphins drafted him to play immediately.
It was a very stupid decision to pick him IMO. He will probably be no better than Matt Moore and no offense to him but what can he learn from Matt Moore? While we are at it, what can he learn from David Garrard? How Ireland hasn't been fired yet is beyond me. What does the guy know on Stephen Ross? I think if the Dolphins start Matt Moore, they'll go 7-9. Ryan Tannehill: 4-12.
Looks accurate, Matt Moore is definitely our best option at QB for now! For now. But I don't think Tannehill is the answer either. Prediction: Huge bust.
Do you know the offside rule in soccer? Why, yes. Yes I do.
Have you seen Brett Favre's dick? On Deadspin.
Fair enough. What is your favorite sport to cover? Football, without a question. I used to hate NASCAR, but now I've grown to love it after covering the Daytona 500. Love college basketball.
Which sport has more rowdy fans (drunk annoying aholes) - football or nascar? College football fans. By far.
I've only dealt with NASCAR fans on the inner circle of the track. Those are the classy ones.
Are male reporters allowed to go in the locker rooms of female athletes? I'm not sure. I don't really cover women's sports. Out of respect, I don't usually go into the locker room. In some instances, I have to because that's the only opportunity I have to get an interview. In that case, I bring a binder or something to cover my eyes. Haha.
Personally, I have never understood why it was necessary to go into the locker room after a game. Would you want someone with a camera near you after a shower? I wouldn't. I'm surprised leagues and the athletes themselves are OK with this. I'm not a big fan of it, and I try to avoid entering as much as possible. I'll only go in the locker room if it's an absolute must. I've noticed I have to go in the locker room more often when I'm covering the MLB. Some athletes purposely swing their dicks around. It's really immature and annoying.
Hey there! As an avid sports fan myself I can't help but be happy for you! But to the questions!!! That's awesome! Thanks so much for reading and feel free to follow my work on twitter.
What courses did you take to get into sports reporting? I was a journalism major in college, but I never took any specific "Sports Reporting" class. I've always been into sports - basically since I could walk - for as long as I could remember. I wanted to be a professional athlete growing up but I realized in high school that I couldn't make a living off of that (being a female) but I could still work in sports if I utilize my talents in other ways.
Top 5 PG's in the NBA? The PG position has changed so much over the years in the NBA. Now, the top PGs are technically forwards who play the point position. Point forwards. So I'll give you my top true PGs: Chris Paul, Rajon Rondo, Derrick Rose, Deron Williams, Ricky Rubio (as long as he stays healthy he can change the NBA).
I hope you take the time to respond to this and even if you don't, thanks for the AMA! Feel free to ask more!
Awesome! Thanks for the reply. I'm going to transfer and change my major and I thought that since I love sports I might as well pursue it right? So thanks for the info. I was thinking Nash, but I'm thinking as far as who will be the top 5 PGs next season. I think Rubio will be on that list.
Being stuck in the middle of nowhere Montana, I was thinking Missoula. I have a friend that is majoring in Journalism there and she says they're good. But due to my lack of being anywhere it's essentially my best bet. Being in a small market can be a good thing. I went to college in Orlando, Fla., so it was a little tougher to break into because that's a top 25 media market. My news organization is based in Melbourne, Fla., a much smaller city but still big enough to get my name out there.
Start small, but make a name for yourself where you're at so the people there don't forget you! If you become a reliable reporter about topics people care about, locals will love you. I can't tell you how many times I get thanked by parents for doing a report on local high school playoffs. Local news is important.
Good to hear! Thanks for all your advice here and for doing this great AMA. I can't wait to get started! Best of luck to you with your future endeavors.
BtW as an aspiring journalist I did really enjoy reading through your AmA, even if I've missed the party. If you have any questions feel free to ask! I love talking to aspiring journalists and I enjoy guest lecturing at journalism schools. It's my thing, I guess.
Has the advent of social media prompted reporters to cover different stories (read: gossip), ones that may have never otherwise been reported? As for social media, yes, I think it does force reporters to cover gossip-type stuff more. I don't mind it. I used to have an NFL gossip blog called WWJND. But a lot of other reporters do.
Have you ever worked with Erin Andrews/hung out with her at a game? Has she ever given you any good advice? What advice would you give to a college student who is interested in this work? I've worked at the same game with her a couple of times. She basically ignores all other reporters, male or female. Unless if she works with them.
True story: During a basketball game, while the game is going on...EA whips out her makeup bag and starts reapplying lipgloss and bronzer. This is why women in sports aren't taken seriously, Erin. Go do that in the bathroom.
Another story: After a basketball game at UF, she goes to take a picture with the Gators Dazzlers dance team. I heard her say: "I know how it's like to be one of you girls. I used to be a Dazzler too. I know how cool it is to take your pictures with celebrities and stuff."
Now, I hope she was being sarcastic. But I really don't think she was. Like I've said before, I feel like EA is in it for the celebrity. My favorite TV personality is Michelle Beadle.
Advice: Get involved at your campus paper or tv station and work your butt off. Always have a copy of your resume on hand.
I've always expected her to be a nice girl who will talk to the fans, guess not. I can see her being like that with the make up though, I feel like she always wants to look her best but it's dumb to do that in front of everyone. Thanks for the advice though! She'll talk to the fans and sign autographs. She's a celebrity.
That she is, and she's pretty good at her job. So another question, what's the biggest game you've ever been at for a report (college and professional) for football and basketball? Haven't covered a Super Bowl yet, but I will when it comes to Florida. I've covered the NCAA March Madness tourney. Covered a few collegiate bowl games..Liberty Bowl, St. Pete Bowl, Champs Sports Bowl, Capital One Bowl.
Being at the Super Bowl for a report would be just mind blowing. Considering you'd get a field pass. Do you usually? Yes. But I'm not there the entire game. With football games, I sit in the press box for quarters 1-3. 4th quarter I'm on the field. Reporters can't be on the field the entire game or it would crowd the sidelines. That's why there's only one or two sideline reporters, and they work for the network providing TV coverage (I.e. ESPN, CBS, ABC, NBC).
I like being up in the press box. It lets me see the game from the best seat in the house. That way, I know what I'm talking about when I tape a post-game report from the field.
Do you notice that a large percentage of the population is not interested in sports? Esp compared to the interest level of 20 years ago. For example, what percent of the population know who the best batter or pitcher is in the major leagues? Accepting the premise, why the lack of interest in sports today? I don't really see that at all, to be honest. Just because baseball isn't the No. 1 sport any more doesn't mean people aren't interested in sports. It just means that people are interested in different sports, like the NFL and the NBA.
Are you in any fantasy football leagues, and does being a reporter give you a really good ability to predict wins/losses? Thanks! I love AMA's on reddit, and I was really bored and awake at 6 a.m. for some reason. I noticed no one in my profession had done an AMA, so I went ahead and did it.
Because of inside info or general sports expertise, like a meteorologist predicting weather? I usually keep about 3 fantasy football teams per year. I think being a reporter helps because you're really informed. But I don't think we have an edge because of inside information. Unless if your name is Adam Schefter.
Also, do you like the tv show "The League"? I don't really get to watch a lot of TV. So no. My friends who watch it tell me that I'll love it. So I'll have to check it out to see if it's on Netflix or something.
Seriously, I have no interest in sports whatsoever, but this AMA is fascinating. You're great at this. For real?! That's awesome! I'm happy to keep you entertained. Thanks for reading.
Definitely on Netflix. I love it! Thanks for answering. 3 Fantasy football teams seems like an incredible feat! Just watched the first episode. I'm hooked. Thanks for the recommendation.
What, if anything, do you think about Roger Federer? He might be the GOAT. To those to who say he's done, I laugh.
Which do you prefer, American football, or football? American. But don't get me wrong: I do love me some soccefutbol/calcio. I just don't cover any major soccer on a regular basis.
I have a tendency to be annoyed by the voice of a female sports reporter. I searched up some of your work and you actually sound like you know what you're talking about. Question is, would you ever like to be a commentator for say, ESPN? Wow, thank you so much. That really means a lot.
I'd love to work for ESPN, or any other major sporting news outlet. But I don't want to be Erin Andrews. I'm not in this for the fame. I want to make a living doing what I love.
Former aspiring female sports journalist here. Why the hate for Erin Andrews? She may be completely gorgeous, but she's also a graduate of one of the best journalism schools in the country (also my alma mater), and she damned sure knows her sports and has an amazing on-air personality. I agree that UF has an amazing journalism school. I actually got to check it out a few months ago at a regional SPJ conference. Beautiful, brand-new facilities.
I used to idolize Erin Andrews until I found out who she really is. I know she knows her sports and is good on-camera. No hate on her for that. But I feel like she's changed over the years. She's transformed into a celebrity. She has endorsement deals. She was on Dancing with the Stars. It's crazy. I feel like she's in it for the celebrity. It's hard to take her seriously.
Also...why former?
Do you ever cover the NHL? I don't. Different world down here in Florida. Not a lot of NHL popularity. Down here it's football, then college football, then NASCAR with some college basketball, NBA and MLB sprinkled in.
Is wearing low cut shirts a must for TV personalities? Haha, no. It does seem that way, though.
Just curious, what's it like to be in the media department? Well for sports anyway. Enjoy your job? I love my job. It's interesting to get to view sports from an insider's perspective. There's a lot that goes on. The best moments at my job are not moments that come from games. It's the stuff behind the scenes.
Like when George O'Leary drove me to my car in his sweet golf cart after interviewing him. I'm pretty sure he was drunk. Best. Thing. Ever.
How was he? A lot of people try to paint GOL as a bad guy. I don't think that at all. He means well. He's old school. I almost feel bad for him.
With all of the concussion-related deaths of former NFL players, how long do you see the league lasting? Forever. But I think the NFL will have to pay up in a lawsuit.
Bless you. Silly. I know what you were trying to ask.
Do you see yourself doing what you do now for the rest of your life or do you have different aspirations than reporting? I wish I could do this forever. However, how many female sports reporters do you see over the age of 50? Not many. I just want to make a living doing what I love. That's what I do now. It would be nice to deliver sports news to the largest audience possible. That's the goal. I know that TV reporting is short-lived, though. I may go into teaching when I'm older. Would love to teach journalism.
Suzy Kolber! Little stretch though, she's 47. Maybe Joe Namath will try to kiss you too? If Joe Namath tried to kiss me. I'd drop the mic and run off.
With Joe Namath.
Do you do your broadcasts while the food is cooking? I guess I don't understand... Maybe while you're cooking food you could do like a sports show/cooking show. Not really sure who would want to watch that though. AHHHHH HE MADE A FUNNY!!!! Surprised it took this long for a kitchen joke.
How many times a day do you hear from a player, "we're going to take it one game at a time?" or any variation of this stock answer? Unless something wild and unexpected happens, I imagine reporting sports would get very dull after the thrill of meeting celebrities wears off. I hear it a lot. But it's on the reporter to craft a question in a way to force the subject to answer as creatively as possible. I always ask two-part questions and ask them to elaborate. I might piss off some people, but I have to do my job too.
You've said you don't really cover women's sports, but that you were very much into playing sports growing up. Who would be your "top 3" wish list of women in sport that you'd interview if you could (regardless of whether they're alive now)? That's a really good question. Abby Wambach, Kerri Strug and Mia Hamm.
I interviewed Danica. She was pretty dry. Michelle Akers was awesome.
Also: dog person, cat person, or other? Dog person. Why is this such a big deal on here?
Did you do any print stuff, or are you only on tv? I used to do print stuff. But right now, I'm mainly web and TV. Sometimes my columns will run in print. But I'd say 80% web and TV.
Ever talked with/interviewed Mark Martin? When I followed NASCAR, he was always my favorite driver. Mark Martin is a cool guy. Never ages, I feel like. Always very friendly to reporters. He's a veteran.
Oh and any good stories about any Lakers (past or present)? Nothing too crazy, because I don't really cover them. Saw Metta World Peace when he was Ron Artest at a night club in downtown Orlando after they played the Magic. It was him, his posse, and a bunch of groupies all up in the VIP. Typical NBA.
Who is your favorite reporter to read/watch/listen to? Well, my favorite writereporter is Jane McManus of ESPN. She's a mentor of mine and she does some great work.
My favorite TV personality is Michelle Beadle. Love how she's the anti-Erin Andrews. And she's not afraid to hide it.
Also, go 'Canes. ;) Awwwww come on!
Do you cover the Magic? What's your take on the Van Gundy/Howard situation? I'm pretty sure Stan is gone, but I think they should trade Howard as well. I do. I think Howard is driving Van Gundy out of Orlando and will use that as leverage to try and stay to get a huge deal. He won't stay though, because Dwight is a psycho selfish douche. Did you see this press conference? Link to www.youtube.com
Translation: The Magic are screwed. No Van Gundy next year. No Dwight after that. It's a shitty situation. It's sad that the Amway is going to become a big, fancy paperweight downtown. Ryan Anderson is going to be the Magic's biggest name after Dwight leaves.
Were you at that press conference? I wish I was, but no.
Favourite soccer team? Grew up watching Juve. Still do. I'm glad they're doing well this year.
Ever cover tiger woods? (or did he cover you?) j/k.. Seriously tho, golf, do you get to cover it? I have covered golf (and Tiger Woods). First time I met him was at Bay Hill...his first year back from the crazy scandal that happened. He was very polite and cordial to all of the reporters. Supposedly he treats media differently now. I heard he used to be a jerk.
What did you major in? Did you do any internships beforehand? Do you report all sports? I majored in journalism. I was an intern for Scout.com / Fox sports and worked for my campus newspaper. All that good stuff.
Most sports. I report what's popular in my market. NHL, for example, is not popular so I don't really do anything with hockey.
That's nice, I'm really interested in pursuing the same field. How does the communications degree differ with the journalism degree in this field? I'm a little biased, but I think journalism majors are more well-rounded because we can write and report stories. Communications majors know how to read off a teleprompter.
That's a nice factor for me to look into, thanks! Do you think a major in one of them and a minor in the other is a good idea or not necessary? It's not really necessary, and usually they're in the same "college" so all of the pre-req courses are the same.
You mentioned that you've interviewed Tiger Woods. What other golfers have you interviewed, and what were they like? Got to talk to Arnold Palmer at Bay Hill. What a sweet, old man. I just wanted to hug him. Dustin Johnson was pretty cool. Those were the only other guys who I've gotten to do a one-on-one with. Everyone else I've interviewed, including Tiger, was in a group-type setting. No one really came off as a jerk.
Also, what is your handicap? As for me...I normally shoot anywhere from a 90-95 from the whites. I refuse to play from the red ladies' tees. Best round ever was an 88 at TPC Sawgrass.
If you could get a less than appropriate "pic" [insert favre joke here] sent to you from anyone in the sports world who would it be and why? Not to sound lame or anything, but no one. I don't get my jollies from that. Unless if it's Tim Tebow. Then I know that'll be a huge story.
AMIRITE?
Do you play any sports/have a competitive background? I played softball and basketball in high school. Was going to play softball in college. I blew out my ankle my senior year, and that was that.
What's your opinion on soccer in general? MLS, EPL, whatever. Do you think it'll ever get the respect it's fans(me included) think it deserves in America? I would hope so, but it would take some time. ESPN and all the other major sporting networks need to do a better job showing more games. The World Cup catches on. Why can't pro soccer in general?
Do reporters sleep with athletes? I don't know any. Such a funny, common assumption.
Have you ever noticed the sexist treatment dana jacobson gets on first take? especially from that asshat jay crawford? I see it. It happens. She takes it all in stride though. Good for her.
Just stumbled upon this. Have you seen this? Link to www.twitlonger.com
Last updated: 2012-05-12 21:50 UTC
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Dana Jacobson wiki, affair, married, Lesbian with age, height

  1. 'Dating #NoFilter' Dates That Will Make You Say OMGeezus ...
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